In nature, carpenter bees are found wherever flowering trees grow. They do not eat wood. The insects drilled by them are used to set up nests in which they lay their eggs. These bees are attracted to dry wood, so they often settle in a person’s home. About what kind of insects and how to deal with them, read the article.
Carpenter bees, photos of which are presented to your attention, belong to the order of hymenoptera and are considered the largest single insect of this species. They are also called xylocopes or purple bees, the appearance of which resembles a bumblebee.
The length of their body can reach three centimeters. Black with a metallic sheen insect body covered with long hairs. The width of the head and chest is almost the same. The wings are black with a purple tint. Dark legs heavily pubescent. Individuals of both sexes are very similar, but the females are larger, and their antennae are black, and the males have a reddish bottom.
- Carpenter bees are not true honey plants.
- These insects are loners, which is quite unusual for bees.
- They do not form a family with a womb, so honey cannot be taken away from them.
- Males do not have a sting. They are nest guards. Female bees sting, and in extreme cases, when they feel danger.
- Adult bees carpenters stay in their nests for the winter, here they sleep. They feed on pollen and honey.
- When flying very buzzing.
- This species of insects in our country is listed in the Red Book.
The female, mating with a male, is looking for a place to arrange their home. She often flies to the family nest, which can be used for ten years. If it is already taken, starts building a new one. Carpenter bees do not burrow into the ground, but seek dry, unpainted wood for their home. The wooden structures of old houses are an ideal place for a future nest. Insects choose the southern part and begin construction.
Females make an entrance with powerful jaws and then gnaw out another gallery with a diameter of one and a half centimeters. It goes down to a depth twenty times the diameter of the hole. The insect obtained sawdust fastens with its saliva and makes of them walls for ten or fifteen cells, which will then be filled with pollen and nectar. Of these, she will prepare perga, called bee bread. This will feed the larvae. In each cell, the bee lays one egg each, and the fertilized one first. After that, the entrance is sealed, and the female flies up. She will sit at the exit from the nest and wait for the appearance of young bees that immediately feed on their own. But they will still return to their place of birth in order to complete or repair it.
If there are carpenter bees in the house, how to get rid of?
Winged insects are likely to live in a house if they do not find a suitable tree in the street. They need dry unpainted wood. Most often, the bees equip their nest in the ceiling between the beams. To begin with, you should carefully inspect the wooden building and determine where the carpenter bees fly from. How to get rid of unpleasant neighborhood? Fight
It is better to do this in the fall or spring. Before the onset of winter, insects prepare for hibernation and do not fly out. In the spring, on the contrary, the larvae turn into young bees that fly out of the nest, and it remains empty for some time. So you can avoid numerous bites. Reaching the nest, burn it, and then treat the place around the bee house with a chemical agent. You can apply dichlorvos. If this is not done, carpenter bees will return to their home each time, and therefore to yours. Even if the nest is somewhere on the surface, it should still be destroyed. Spraying chemicals will do nothing. While the uterus in the bee house, it is impossible to cope with its inhabitants.
DIY trap to fight bees
If you can not reach the nest and destroy it, you can set a trap that is easy to build with your own hands from the improvised material. To do this, prepare a plastic bottle, planks, saw, hammer, drill and nails. First you need to saw off four boards of equal length and assemble them. These will be walls. Board the roof a little more. She should speak for them. Next, the board is cut out for the bottom, it must correspond to the area of the structure constructed of four plates. Putting it all together, except for the roof.
Next step. From the bottle the neck is cut off, from four sides of which cuts are made in the form of petals. This design down the drain is inserted into the remaining bottle, secured with tape. Further, in the middle of the bottom, a hole with a diameter of one and a half centimeters is drilled. The petals of the neck are pushed into it and fixed inside. Only now installed on the house roof with an attached hook. The trap is ready! You can put bait in it - so the bees will quickly gather in the bottle and die.