English is specific for the use of time. In order to describe the events of the past, it is necessary not only to use the verbs of the past tense, as in the Russian language, but to choose the right form for expression of thought. Thus, we can select Past Simple, Past Perfect Simple, Past Continuous.
So, unlike our native language, English has several different uses of the times. If in Russian we can show the markers of the duration of the event with the help of understandable to us (native speakers) ways: ending in verbs, changing the verb from imperfect to perfect, and also adverbs of time, then to express the duration and result of the action to the basic form of the verb in English In addition to the above, additional verbs are added. Wrong verbs of English, in turn, change their forms depending on the type of time.
Features of the use of past forms in English
It seems that it is not so important for an English speaker, in the present, past or future an action is committed, how long, regular and the result of this action itself. Based on this interesting fact, we have different versions of three times: simple, continuous and perfect.
In English, the past tense, in turn, is divided into Past Perfect, Past Continuous and Past Simple. The rules of use for each of them have their own peculiarities, details of which can be found in this article.
Eating and Forming Past Simple
To express an action that happened in the past, a simple past tense is used, or Past Simple. The rules of education for this time are very simple. To the correct verb the ending -ed is added, and the irregular verb changes the form in a special way.
Word-markers of the simple past tense
In order to talk about an action that ended in the past at a certain time that has already expired, Past Simple is used. English rules also offer word markers to define this past tense: last month, last Sunday, six days ago, yesterday, the day before (the day before yesterday ), the other day (in days), in 1992 (in 1992).
The Past Simple / Present Simple table will show the rules of past tense formation visually.
Did you like playing games with friends last Sunday?
Past Usual Pasture
The last long time is cardinally different from the simple past (Past Simple). The rules of using this form of past tense suggest that it characterizes not just the action of the past, but indicates the extent of the action and the specific time interval for which it was performed.
The Past Continuous form is formed by adding the ending -ing to the infinitive of the verb.
The table below shows how the simple past differs from a long one in writing. Thus, we see how the process of formation of Past Continuous in the English language is proceeding.
Past Simple / Past Continuous table: the rules for the formation of the past long time clearly
Were you finding your pen in the morning?
Word-markers of a long time
For Continuous times, there are also a number of words in English that can be used to determine the time before us. The use of these words and ligaments indicates a certain period of time. Words and expressions like at the moment, all day long, now, still.
Using Past Perfect Simple
The rules of using this form of past tense extend to actions that ended in the past, and there is some result of them. Past perfect is used to describe earlier actions. For example, when a person describes some important events that have occurred in his life, he does not always observe the chronology of these events. The story begins with one action, then continues with a description of the preceding ones, and at the end the narrator again returns to the description of later events. The Russian language for this description only offers one time, and English has more precise tools.
Word-markers of completed times
The action, which is expressed through Perfect Tense, lasted a certain period of time, but the meaning for the speaker is only the result of the actions that occurred. To demonstrate this, words and prepositions are used: by (to ...), before (up to ...), since (from any moment), for (within).
What makes Past Simple different from Present Perfect?
The most popular mistake of foreigners studying English is the misunderstanding between the simple past and the present perfect.