English is specific to the use of tenses. In order to describe the events of the past, it is necessary not only to use past tense verbs, as in Russian, but to choose the correct form for the expression of thoughts. Thus, we can highlight Past Simple, Past Perfect Simple, Past Continuous.
So, unlike our native language, English has several other options for the use of time. If in Russian we can show markers of the duration of what is happening with the help of us (native speakers) understandable: endings in verbs, changes in the form of the verb from imperfect to perfect, as well as adverbs of time, then to express the duration and result of the action to the basic form of the verb in English in addition to the above, the auxiliary verbs are also added. Irregular verbs of the English language, in turn, change their forms depending on the type of time.
Features of the use of past tense forms in Russian
It seems that for an English speaker it is not so important, in the present, in the past or in the future, the action was performed, how much the length, regularity and result of this action itself. Based on this interesting fact, we have various variants of three times: simple (simple), continuous (long) and perfect (perfect).
Use and education Past Simple
To express actions that occurred in the past, use the simple past tense, or Past Simple. The rules of education for this time are very simple. The ending is added to the regular verb –ed, and the irregular verb changes its shape in a special way.
Simple past tense markers
In order to talk about the action that ended in the past at a certain time that has already expired, use Simple Past. The rules of the English language also offer marker words to define this past tense form: last month (last month), last Sunday (last Sunday), six days ago (six days ago), yesterday (yesterday), the day before (the day before yesterday) ), the other day (the other day), in 1992 (in 1992).
The Past Simple / Present Simple table of the past education rules will be shown clearly.
Did you like playing Sunday?
Use and education Past Continuous
The past for a long time is fundamentally different from the simple past (Past Simple). The rules for the use of this past tense form indicate that it characterizes not only the action of the past, but indicates the length of the action and a certain time period over which it was performed.
Past Continuous is formed by adding the ending -ing to the infinitive of the verb.
The table below shows the difference between a simple past and a long letter. Thus, we see how the process of Past Continuous education in English proceeds.
Table Past Simple / Past Continuous: the rules for the formation of the past long time clearly
Were you finding your pen in the morning?
Long time marker words
For the times of Continuous, there are also a number of words in English that can be used to determine which time is right before us. The use of these words and bundles indicates a certain period of time. Words and phrases like at the moment (at the moment), all day long (all day long), now (now), still (still).
Past Perfect Simple
The rules for using this form of past tense apply to actions that ended in the past, and there is some kind of result. Past perfect is used to describe earlier actions. For example, when a person describes some important events that occurred in his life, he does not always follow the chronology of these events. The story begins with a single action, then continues with the description of the preceding ones, and at the end the narrator returns to the description of later events. Russian language for such a description offers only one time, and English has more accurate tools.
Marker words of completed times
The action, which is expressed through Perfect Tense, lasted a certain period of time, but the meaning for the speaker is only the result of the actions taken. To demonstrate this, words and prepositions are applied: by (to ...), before (before ...), since (from any moment), for (during).
How is Past Simple different from Present Perfect?
The most common mistake of foreigners learning English is to misunderstand the difference between simple past (past simple) and completed present (present perfect).