The section of science about our language, devoted to the structure of sentences, contains a lot of interesting, and syntactic analysis can become an exciting activity for those who are well versed in the rules of the Russian language. Today, let us touch on the syntax and punctuation of the compound sentence, in particular the case when there are more than one subordinate part, but several. What are the types of subordination and what is the interest of the proposal with the parallel subordination of the subordinate? About everything in order.
Complex sentence and its parts
A complex sentence is called a complex sentence, in which it is possible to identify the main part (it carries the main semantic load) and the subordinate clause (it is dependent on the main part, it can be asked a question). The appendage parts can be two or more than two, and they can be differently attached to the main, main part. There is a consistent, homogeneous, heterogeneous, parallel subordination of subordinate. To know the type of submission, it is necessary to pay attention to whether the dependent parts answer the same question or to different ones, refer to one word in the main part or to different ones. We will take a closer look at the material in the next section.
Kinds of subordination subordinate
So, four types of subordination are distinguished.
- Consecutive subordination - the subordinate parts depend consecutively from one another, and one of them depends on the main one.I know (about what?) What to do (for what?), To get there (where?), Where do I need to .
- Homogeneous - the subordinate parts respond to the same question and refer to one word.I asked (about what?), Which is the hour where we are and how to get to the airport. In this sentence, three subordinate (dependent) parts, they all refer to the word "asked" and answer the question "about what?".
- Inhomogeneous submission - the subordinate parts also refer to one word, but the questions to them are set differently.I have to go to this city (why should I?) In order to fulfill all my plans, (why should I?) Because there are so many cases.
- Parallel submission of subordinate clauses - dependent parts refer to different words of the main sentence and answer completely different questions.(For what?) To catch the train, I must leave the house early to the train station (which?), Which is in another part of the city .
Parallel subordination of subordinate
What is the difference between different types of subordination, we found out. By the way, in some sources the heterogeneous parallel subordination of subordinate clauses is singled out as one species. This is because, in both cases, the questions to the dependent parts are put differently.
If the sentence is compound with parallel subordination of subordinate clauses, then most often one dependent part is located before the main, and the second - after.
We need to identify the main, the main part of the proposal, determine the number of subordinate clauses and ask questions to them. Only in this way will we be convinced that we have in fact a parallel subordination of subordinate clauses. If the questions are different, and we ask them from different words, then submission is really parallel.When I went out into the street, I suddenly remembered that a long time ago I was going to visit my friend. In this sentence, from the predicate main part"Remembered" we ask a question"when?" to the first subordinate, and from the supplement"About" ask a question"about what? "To the second. Hence, in this case, a parallel method of subordination is used.
To be able to determine the boundaries of parts of a sentence and correctly ask questions from the main part in order to avoid mistakes in the arrangement of punctuation marks. We remember that the subordinate parts are separated from the main comma, which are put before the union or the union word connecting the parts of the compound sentence.
Let's sum up the results
Parallel submission of subordinate clauses is one of four types of subordination in the Russian language. To determine the type of subordination, it is necessary to single out simple sentences as part of the compound, to determine the main part and ask questions from it to the dependent ones. If the question is the same, then this is a homogeneous subordination, if different from the same word is heterogeneous, if the unequal questions from different words are parallel, and if the question can be asked only for one clause, and from it to another and so on, then We are subject to consistent submission.