The section of the science of our language, devoted to the structure of sentences, harbors many interesting things, and syntactic analysis can be a fascinating exercise for those who are well versed in the rules of the Russian language. Today we will touch on the syntax and punctuation of a complex sentence, in particular, the case when there is more than one subordinate part, but several. What are the types of subordination and what is interesting about a sentence with parallel subordination of subordinates? First things first.
Complex sentence and its parts
Complicated (C / P) is a complex sentence in which you can select the main part (it carries the main meaning) and the subordinate (it is dependent on the main part, you can ask a question about it). There are two or more two part clauses, and they can join the main, main part in different ways. There is a consistent, uniform, inhomogeneous, parallel subordination of the subordinate. To find out the type of submission, you need to pay attention to whether the dependent parts answer the same question or different questions, refer to the same word in the main part or to different words. Consider the material in more detail in the next section.
So, there are four types of submission.
- Sequential submission - dependent parts depend sequentially from each other, and one of them - from the main.I know (about what?) What to do (for what?) To get there (where?), Where do I need .
- Uniform - subordinate parts answer the same question and refer to the same word.I asked (about what?) What time is it, where are we and how to get to the airport. In this sentence there are three subordinate (dependent) parts, all of them refer to the word “asked” and answer the question “what?”.
- Heterogeneous subordination - the subordinate parts also refer to the same word, but the questions to them are different.I have to go to this city (why should I?) In order to fulfill all my plans, (why should I?) Because there are a lot of cases.
- Parallel subordination of subordinates - dependent parts belong to different words of the main sentence and answer completely different questions.(For what?) In order to catch the train, I have to leave the house early to the train station (which one?), Which is located in another part of the city .
Parallel subordination of subordinates
What is the difference between different types of subordination, we found out. By the way, in some sources non-uniform parallel subordination of subordinates are distinguished as one type. This is because in both cases the questions for the dependent parts are different.
If the sentence is complex with parallel subordination of the subordinate, then most often one dependent part is located before the main one, and the second - after.
It is necessary to single out the main, main part of the sentence, determine the number of subordinates and ask questions to them. Only in this way will we be convinced that before us is truly parallel subordination of subordinates. If the questions are different, and we ask them from different words, it means that the submission is really parallel.When I went outside, I suddenly remembered that I was going to visit my friend a long time ago. In this sentence from the predictable main part“Remembered” we ask a question"when?" to the first subordinate, and from addition"About" ask a question"about what? ”To the second. Hence, in this case, a parallel method of subordination is used.
To be able to determine the boundaries of parts of a sentence and correctly ask questions from the main part is necessary in order not to be mistaken when placing punctuation marks. Remember that the subordinate parts are separated from the main commas, which are placed before the union or ally, connecting parts of a complex sentence.
Let's sum up
Parallel subordination of subordinates is one of the four types of subordination in the Russian language. To determine the type of subordination, you need to select simple sentences in the composition of the complex, determine the main part and ask her questions to the dependent. If the question is the same, then it is a homogeneous subordination, if different from the same word is heterogeneous, if unequal questions from different words are parallel, and if the question can be asked only to one additional part, and from it to another, and so on, before us is consistent submission.