If you have problems with the planning function, then you prepare yourself problems. Every successful manager knows about this. It is noteworthy that only some Russian managers can recognize the presence of serious competitive advantages of Western companies due to well-adjusted production planning.
Operational planning allows you to solve the pressing problems that are inevitable in the organization of the company. Consider in this article its features.
Plan and its tasks
Plans are the foundation of all management functions: organizational and control, coordination, motivation and analysis. The plan is the result of the design of the proposed future changes, designed to answer three questions.
Where are we?
Where should we go?
What resources will provide movement to the goal?
The economic situation of business, strength and weakness of the enterprise in all areas - from finance to staff.
Setting goals, taking into account the external environment, factors of the market situation.
Necessary resources, organization potential, functions of departments, employees.
Planning solves the following tasks:
- find prospects in any situation and choose a strategy;
- set priorities and goals;
- determine costs and required resources;
- coordinate the work of the departments;
- create a basis for monitoring the implementation of the current plan;
- to analyze the data on the plan and fact.
Strategic and operational planning
Planned function involves the passage of four temporary steps. For 10 years and more plans are planned in the long-term form and strategy, for 5 years - medium-term, for 1 year - current. Plans with operational assignment are drawn up quarterly, monthly, for decades and shifts.
The unpredictability of the external environment forces organizations to engage in continuous planning. Often, events unfold contrary to expectations, then searchlights need to be revised. Planned function helps to significantly reduce the uncertainty of the future.
The general goal and directions of its implementation: sales, product policy, quality improvement, competitive advantages, market conquest, modernization, and others form the most ambitious planning — strategic. And operational planning on its background looks routine, not so important. But only at first glance. His task is more significant - it is planning the implementation of management decisions in specific current conditions and situations.
Operational scheduling relies on the norms of the production process. Today, the standards in the field of marketing, the norms that form the competitiveness of goods, services, and standards used by competitors are gaining relevance.
"Three Whales" planning at the operational level
Operational planning is the creation of short-term current plans that complement and detail higher-level plans. Its task: to promote the organization of clear activities of departments and units responsible for production, finance and many other processes.
Planning of this level is carried out through the distribution of functions, tasks, resources, and the introduction of technological amendments. It includes:
- operational scheduling;
- organizing the implementation of short-term level plans;
An important place in the operational plan is the resource maneuvering and quality control of the implementation of current tasks.
Directions of the operational plan
Creation of calendars and plans, taking into account current standards.
Workshop, brigade plans and graphics.
Implementation of accounting and control functions. Tracking of non-fulfillment of plans, stabilization of work.
Operational Plan and its principles
- Accounting for current planning standards, which are the basis for schedules calendars.
- Maintenance of interconnection and coherence of sites and work steps.
- Increased resource productivity and production efficiency.
- Creating opportunities for making calculations and making informed decisions.
- Dynamism and flexible structure.
- Compliance with the specifics of the scope of the organization.
- Quick response to negative situations.
Thus, operational planning at an enterprise consists in creating clear tasks for a short period on the basis of current plans. Tasks are defined for the entire company and its departments. Their definition is combined with the organizational function of implementation, control and regulatory measures.
Calendar plans are related to the distribution of tasks envisaged for the year, by department with deadlines for their implementation. Further, the responsible employees are informed by numbers and norms. For example, a job to change.
Sources of information for calendar plans:
- gross output or sales;
- the complexity of the regulations;
- supply information, etc.
Calendar-operational planning in the enterprise is carried out in three stages.
1. Accounting as you progress
Allows you to distribute the production and sales for the year quarterly, monthly. For example, shop schedules for a month, deadlines.
Regulatory planning with regard to the timing of the launch and release of products. Calculation of the assembly cycle, production of semi-finished products, parts.
Operational production planning: dates are taken into account along with volumes.
Calculation of working periods and deliveries. Loading equipment in workshops.
The relationship of production terms, volumes and dynamics. Take into account the demand and production capabilities. The method allows you to create a basis for the effective use of resources.
Together with the method used, the creation of plans is referred to as calendar, volume or mixed.
So, operational production planning allows you to ensure a clear and rhythmic activity in production to maximize the satisfaction of market demands and profit growth.