France is a powerful, economically developed republic located in Europe. Since 1871 this country has been democratic, the head of government is the president.
The area of France in sq km second only to Ukraine. Among the EU countries France is the largest country.
The topography of this country is diverse: from the South-West to South-East stretch of the Pyrenees and the Alps in the West and North of the country are plains, and in the center is a plateau, and medium-high mountains.
The total area of France is 643.4 thousand km². The population is 66.8 million people.
Economic and geographical position
The official name of the country is the French Republic. It is located in Western Europe and shares borders with such countries as Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Germany, Luxembourg, Belgium, Spain, Andorra.
The topography of the state is quite diverse. The mountains and hills typical for the Central part. From the South-East to South-West stretch of high mountains: the Pyrenees and the Alps. On the North and West of the country is plain: the Landes, the Paris basin and the canal du MIDI and the Rhone valley.
Despite the diversity of the geological structure and topography, the country is rich in mineral resources, especially fuel. So important are reserves of uranium ore in the Central array and the energy resources of the mountain rivers, the Rhone and its Alpine tributaries.
The total area of France, the mainland part, equal to 547 thousand km2. Accordingly, the area of the Islands 96.4 thousand km2. France is the largest country in the European Union. It includes the island of Corsica. It is located in the Mediterranean sea. France has overseas departments, which are about 25.
The total area of France is 643.4 thousand km2 is with the Islands.
The maximum distance between its extreme points is 1000 km.
The French coast is washed by the North and Mediterranean Seas, the Bay of Biscay, the English Channel, the Pas-de-Calais and the Atlantic Ocean.
The country of France is divided into 22 provinces, the capital, Paris. Before the city was concentrated the whole power of the state, but currently, the provinces of the country have become more independent, so they have a significant impact on General management.
France is among the leading countries that play an important role in the economy of the whole world, culture and science. It is a permanent member of the UN Security Council (has nuclear weapons), participant of all key pan-European organizations.
France is the third country in the world after Russia and the United States to contribute to the exploration of outer space.
In the cities of this country are the headquarters of the influential international organizations and their structural subdivisions – UNESCO (Paris), European Parliament (Strasbourg), etc. Here are important international conferences, meetings of heads of the leading countries in the world.
Country France, unlike most Western European States, is characterized by a steady population growth. Affects the active demographic policy, directed on increase of birth rate and considerable immigration.
The French – the people of the romance group, is named from the Germanic tribe of the Franks, they account for more than 85% of the population. The rest of the population – the Corsicans, Alsatians, Basques and other minorities, and immigrants. The total number of the latter is almost 4.5 million people, most of which are natives of North Africa: Moroccans, Algerians, etc.
Tolerant France greets all foreigners with joy. The area of the territory allows you to take a large number of immigrants. People come here for work and for permanent residence.
The absolute majority of the believing population are Catholics. A large proportion of Protestants and Muslims.
The population density of the country is 108 people per 1 km².
The area of France in sq km larger than the area of Germany, but in population it is inferior. However, this does not prevent it to be modern and prosperous. If in France for 2014 lived 66,8 million people in Germany – more than 80 million.
The country has a regional policy, which aims to curb the growth of Paris and stimulate the development of peripheral regions and their centers.
The French Republic, like most developed countries have post-industrial employment structure of the population. The proportion of people employed in non-material production in connection with the strong development of international tourism is still quite high – about 70%.
Very attractive tourist France. The area of the territory is completely located in favorable natural conditions for recreational activities.