Many of us were plagued by aching pain in the lower back at least once. The reasons for this condition can be very diverse - both harmless and quite alarming.

Aching pain in the lower back: causes and treatment

Causes of pain

Face this problem can everyone, regardless of age. Most often aching back pain occurs due to osteochondrosis, sciatica, muscle spasm, intervertebral hernia, various kinds of injuries, kidney disease. A woman can have similar symptoms in the premenstrual period and during critical days.


This disease causes quite strong pains that can be given to the lower abdomen, groin area. The pain becomes sharp and stabbing when a person sneezes or coughs. The condition worsens with sudden movements, bends and turns of the body.

There are other symptoms that are characteristic of this disease. This is a loss of skin sensitivity, most often affected toes and the outer part of the foot. Very rarely, in severe forms of the disease, a person may experience the disappearance (in whole or in part) of the reflex functions of the tendons.

A person suffering from osteochondrosis, often pinching and inflammation of the nerve roots, resulting in radiculitis. He suffers from frequent aching pain in the lower back. Acute pains occur rarely, mainly during sudden movements or heavy physical exertion. Unpleasant sensations can annoy even when a person spends a long time in the same posture, as well as when walking.

Intervertebral hernia

The main symptoms of this pathology are aching pain, numbness of the skin, loss of sensitivity of the lower extremities. Get rid of the problem surgically. Hernia can cause problems with internal organs, so treatment is indispensable.

Spinal injury

Another reason for the appearance of such pain. In some cases, conservative treatment helps to eliminate the problem, severe injuries require surgical treatment.

Inflammation of the appendix

You should take very seriously the appearance of pain in the stomach and lower back on the right side, which are accompanied by a rise in temperature, nausea and vomiting. Delay in this situation can lead to rupture of the cecum and sepsis.

Kidney problems

Aching pain in the lower back and lower abdomen can be a sign of kidney disease, especially if urination is disturbed, and the temperature rises. The condition requires a visit to the doctor as soon as possible.

Depending on which side the diseased kidney is located, there is aching pain in the lower back on the right or on the left. With a slight blow to the diseased organ pain appears. Unpleasant sensations can give in the ribs and lower abdomen.

If the problem has become chronic, pain and other symptoms may not occur.

Aching pain in the lumbar region, swollen abdomen, fever, flatulence, unpleasant sensations in the lower abdomen, perhaps it is a pain. With late treatment, the problem can become chronic.

Aching back pain in women

Features of the female genitourinary system, monthly changes in the body, pregnancy - all this can be the cause of such pain.

Critical days

Aching pain in the abdomen and lower back arises from the enlarged uterus and contraction of its muscles. In addition, weight increases dramatically before the start of critical days. Hormonal changes lead to fluid retention and edema. This causes an increase in body weight, which is an additional load on the spine. Diuretic drugs will help to get rid of the problem, but it is not recommended to use them without a doctor's prescription.

The reason for pain in this period can be hormonal changes. Before critical days, the number of hormones responsible for the tone of the uterus increases. They also cause the tone of the muscles of the back.

To alleviate the state during menstruation, it is recommended to reduce physical exertion and rest during this period. With severe pain, you can take an antispasmodic drug (“No-shpa”, “Papaverin”). Low back pain can occur in women during ovulation.

Such pain is not always the norm. This may be a sign of hormonal failure. Therefore, if too much discomfort, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist.

The aching back pain can be a sign of algomenorrhea, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, congenital malformations of the genital organs, chronic inflammation of the genital organs.

Diseases of the female genital organs

Discomfort in the lower back in women can be a sign of inflammation of the ovaries and uterus, cysts and other neoplasms, acute sexually transmitted infections, ectopic pregnancy, adnexitis, cancer of the genital organs.


In the third trimester, because of the rounded abdomen, it becomes more difficult for a woman to move, dull aching pain in the lower back appears. To alleviate the discomfort, you can use the prenatal bandage.

In addition, a pregnant woman sometimes has this symptom in the event of a threatened miscarriage or premature birth, intestinal upset, ectopic pregnancy.

To make sure that there is no threat to the health of the mother and the fetus, you should consult with your doctor about these pains.

Causes of problems in men

Pain in the lower back in men is not as frequent as in women. The main reason for these sensations are excessive exercise or improper diet. But the reasons may not be as harmless as, for example, prostatitis. The disease is characterized by abdominal pain and lower back, problems with urination, decreased libido, erectile dysfunction. Without the help of a doctor in this case is not enough.

Perhaps the reason for the presence of inguinal hernia. This problem is characterized by very strong pain in the lower abdomen, which can give to the back. Seek medical attention immediately. The treatment is surgical.

Aching pain in the lower back is not always a sign of pathology. Long stay in an uncomfortable position, work at the computer, sedentary lifestyle, overweight, excessive physical exertion or lack of them, poorly organized workplace - all this may be the cause of this state.

If the reason is increased physical activity and sports, it is necessary to reduce their activity for a few days. You can warm the lower back with a heating pad, use a special ointment. If the pain does not sleep, it is recommended to take painkillers.

First of all, the doctor must determine whether the pain is caused by diseases of the internal organs or nerve tissue. Then the necessary treatment is prescribed.

The most commonly recommended are pain medications, injections, acupuncture, which helps relieve muscle spasms and pain blockade. In addition, therapeutic exercise.

At the initial stage of the disease, effective physiotherapy improves blood circulation. Relieve the state will help massage and swimming.


Simple tips can help you avoid trouble with your lower back:

  • you need to sit and walk with your back straight;
  • sleep best on a hard mattress;
  • lifting weights, you should try not to strain your back;
  • if you have to sit in one pose for a long time, you need to take short breaks for a physical workout.

Often the pain passes on their own. If they appear periodically or permanently, this may indicate the presence of health problems. To disregard such signs or to self-medicate cannot be, the consequences can be very serious.