Som is a huge freshwater resident, able to grow to a very impressive size. Known specimens caught in domestic water bodies, reaching a weight of 80 kilograms. Of course, for many fishermen this trophy fish is a dream, which one would always like to catch. Inveterate fellow fishermen, of course, know the habits and nuances of the life of such fish. But newcomers are often interested in the question: "What bites the catfish, what are the most preferable dishes for bait?" This article is intended for such amators.
A little about the habits
But first you need to deal with questions about where to catch catfish best, what mode of the day and food he prefers. First of all, we must remember that the predator is a somnolent predator. He is a bottom fish and rarely leaves the shelter during the day, which can be snags, vyvorotni, stones, caves. The main thing is to have enough space and there was a certain depth that would suit him.
Under the cover of darkness
So, in the daytime som, so to speak, works under cover, waiting for a possible prey. But at night the fish predator goes to the shallow waters, where among the aquatic thickets it is easy to find green frogs becoming its prey in the wild. But the basis of the average catfish ration is the fish menu. And fish is used any: small, medium, and even krupnyak (as the head and mouth of the catfish are very capacious and directly designed by nature for such food).
And there are legends about the gluttony and omnivorousness of the catfish. Like, and the duckling has tightened, as in a whirlpool, and even an adult bird. And it really is in some way true. On free breads, this predator (especially if properly hungry) is capable of much. He eats both waterfowl, and rodents, and snails, and cancers (except fish and frogs). It is this quality that allows, according to scientists, to grow a river predator to a truly huge size! And now let's talk about what the catfish bites on? In theory, the menu offered by the fisherman should not be very different from the natural one. Or are there any chef's fishing intrigues?
What bites the catfish? Classics of the genre
Many fishermen - both beginners and more experienced - are eager to catch a mustached fish, excelling in the selection of various baits and attachments. But, according to the majority of catching, the most effective and traditional bait for catfish is livestock. It should be moderately well-fed, weighing from one hundred grams to one kilogram (depending on the weight of the proposed prey). As a bait, the chub and asp, and sometimes other types of fish, most often act. In fishermen's environment, this catfish bait is considered the most reliable and capable of attracting fish in almost any pond. Ideally, to catch the average catfish, the weight of the live bait is required to 200 grams. But if you are going to get a giant, then you need to take a fat chop with a kilogram.
Continuation of the menu
What else is biting the catfish more or less willingly? Certainly, for those types of food that he uses, hunting independently, without the help of a fisherman. Frogs of different colors (those that are larger), meat of mollusks of river, crustaceans go into the course. It is said that the catfish are particularly fond of leeches, soaked in the blood of animals (cattle or pigs).
Among the gastronomic delights, designed to get the trophy, there are sparrows fried, animal meat, cutlets, liver and chutney, chicken (slightly fatigued to light stagnation). They said that on the Volga they caught these predators and pieces of natural "smelly" laundry soap. However, in spite of all the excesses, few people observed a clear gastronomic preference. And many inveterate fishermen, who caught in their lives not one weighty specimen of the catfish, are inclined to the opinion that gastronomic delights are good only for sated fish, at a time when it is full or rest. In all other cases, such options as a lover, a frog, a piece of slightly faded meat with a scent or a bunch of leeches, are sufficient for successful and efficient fishing.
Sometimes a hungry catfish can also bite on a spoon-bait when fishing for spinning (spoons are especially effective in such cases), and on wobbler, and on jigs. It should be remembered that the catfish - the fish is very strong. A hungry catfish and can play with you insidious thing: grab the spoon and jerk away with great force and speed so that it will be difficult to hold the rod. And this can be expected from both small and large representatives of the species.
Why catch catfish in July?
Traditionally in Russia in the middle zone, the best time to catch this fish is July and August. The water is already well warmed up, and the catfish is a fan of heat. The time of day, the most effective - from sunset to dawn. During these hours the catfish goes hunting and feeds. A good sign for a possible trophy is a warm and windless night or a late evening, not a rainy dawn. Although, of course, you can catch a fish in the daytime, if you really try and if the fishing luck will be favorable to you. Catch fishing for everyone and the coveted trophies!