Mint belongs to the family yasnotkovyh. There are 25 different species that can be wild-growing or artificially bred. In traditional medicine and modern culinary, only three types of mint are used. Field mint enjoys the greatest demand due to its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.
Appearance and features of flowering plants
Peppermint is a perennial plant, reaching a height of 15-65 cm (in some cases it can reach a meter). Rhizome creeping, straight stalk, on which petiolate pubescent leaves. It is these characteristics that distinguishes mint.
The grass blooms with purple or pink flowers, which, when ripe, turn into brown fruits that look like small nuts. The plant is common in temperate climates and prefers well-moisturized soil. Most often, mint grows near water bodies in the shrub zone.
Types of Mint Varieties
There are several common species that are used by humans for various areas of life. Varieties of mint have differences not only external, but also differ in the general direction of the effects on the body.
- Peppermint - artificially bred plant, has the strongest flavor. It is necessary to collect leaves during flowering. Since at this time the plant contains the maximum amount of menthol - an essential oil that provides medicinal action.
- Field mint - a wild plant, reaching 50 cm in height. It blooms from June to November, the essential oil in the leaves has analgesic and disinfectant properties. Used in the manufacture of "Validol", as it eliminates the spasms of the heart and dilates the coronary vessels.
- Lemon mint - more commonly known as lemon balm. It blooms in the summer, the height of the plant reaches a meter. “When to collect mint?” Is a very important question, since it contains different medicinal composition in different life periods. It has a more effective effect on the human body, mainly it concerns the analgesic properties of stomach or intestinal spasms.
Each individual species has similar beneficial properties, which equally determine the demand for all types of mint in traditional medicine.
What is useful mint: medicinal effects on the body
Peppermint is not only a spicy herb, but also a drug that, if used properly, can improve health. The main advantages of the plant include:
- Mint, the grass of which is able to adjust the processes of digestion, due to its mild choleretic effect, is often used in traditional medicine.
- Broths prepared on the basis of wild plants, have anti-inflammatory effects, eliminate inflammation in the body.
- Mint infusions are used for pain relief to relieve it; it is also effective to use mint as a sedative. It allows you to cope with neurological disorders and get rid of insomnia.
- Field mint is a good antispasmodic, allowing you to quickly neutralize spasms in the body.
- Peppermint decoctions are used in the treatment of various diseases of the oral cavity, as a means of eliminating unpleasant odors from the mouth. It also has an antiemetic effect.
- Good help mint tincture in the treatment of skin diseases.
- When the bladder is impaired, the use of peppermint decoctions is also appropriate and desirable.
To maximize the use of drugs based on mint, you need to comply with the specified dosage and duration of administration. Knowing what mint is good for, you can effectively take it to eliminate pain syndromes and as a disinfectant.
Contraindications to receive
Mint should not be used by people with individual intolerance. In addition, it is contraindicated:
- during pregnancy and breastfeeding;
- people suffering from low blood pressure (hypotension);
- with varicose veins, as mint reduces the tone of the vascular wall.
Children under 5 years are also advised not to take mint-based drugs, since they can cause respiratory arrest due to the presence of menthol.
Application of mint
Most often field mint is used in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, such as:
It is also effective for colds, the special composition of the plant allows you to quickly remove sputum from the respiratory tract. In cases of impaired heart function, the use of peppermint allows the coronary vessels to expand, thereby improving blood circulation and relieving cardiac muscle spasm.
Disinfectant and anti-inflammatory properties of peppermint can be used as a solution for rinsing the mouth.
Compresses and lotions made from mint leaves are common in external use. They are used for muscle spasms, pains in the spine and joints, as well as for convulsions and itchy skin diseases.
The leaves can be used both in freshly crushed form, and in the form of herb remaining after cooking.
To eliminate digestive disorders, you need to pour 1 tablespoon of dry raw materials with a glass of boiling water and infuse for 20 minutes. After that, the filtered decoction can be taken orally in small doses (for a third of a glass) or used to make compresses or lotions.