Ice cream is a treat that both adults and children love. It's so nice to pamper yourself with a glass of filling or an Eskimo briquettes in the heat! But, despite the excellent taste of this cold dessert, its use does not always favorably affect the health of the sweet tooth. Below are answers to a number of questions. How to choose a quality ice cream? The harm and benefit of this delicacy in what? What elements are included in its composition?
History of the appearance of ice cream
For the first time, people tried ice cream about five thousand years ago. In ancient times, on the tables of wealthy Chinese people, this cold dessert was present as a mixture of fruit juice and ice or snow. And the recipes for preparing delicacies were kept in the strictest secrecy. However, the famous traveler Marco Polo managed to reconnoiter them. So Italy, and later the whole of Europe learned about the existence of ice cream.Slavs have long prepared such a delicacy in the following way: in the cold season, a mixture of honey, raisins, cottage cheese and sour cream was put on the street until it froze. With this treat, adults and children spoiled themselves during the Carnival. To date, one of the most common delicacies in the world is ice cream. The harm and benefit of this cold dessert will be described below.
Types of ice cream
Depending on the amount of milk fat content, ice cream is divided into the following types:
2) Creamy. It is prepared on the basis of cream. Its fat content is 8-10 percent.
3) Dairy. Produced on a milk basis and includes 3.5 percent animal fat.
4) Fruit and berry. It is made on a fruitful basis and contains 1 percent of milk fat.
5) Aromatic. It is prepared on the basis of syrup from sugar, in which food aromatic essences and oils (strawberry, lemon, etc.) are added. Milk fat is completely missing or replaced with vegetable fat.
One of the novelties is a cold treat with the content of cottage cheese. It is a usual ice cream on a creamy basis. At the stage of beating, soft curd is added to the mass. This allows you to reduce caloric content and increase the protein content. At the same time, the taste of dessert remains almost unchanged.
Another modern version of cold dessert is yoghurt delicacy. The benefits or harm of ice cream, prepared with the use of a fermented milk component, are obvious. Such a delicacy has a low fat content - about 3.5 percent. With this ice cream in the human body live yoghurt cultures, which positively affects the health of sweets and does no harm.
It's no secret that modern ice cream, which is sold in supermarkets, is produced using machines in the factory. And unfortunately, in our time, a variety of food additives, dyes and chemical elements can often be found in the composition of a delicacy. Therefore, the question arises as to how important the benefits and harms of ice cream are for children and adults. It is known that excessive use of cold dessert with an increased content of unwanted components can harm the sweet tooth organism.
The main components of ice cream:
- milk - not less than 10%;
- dry milk residues (proteins, lactose) - 12%;
- sugar or syrup from glucose and sucrose - 12-16%;
- emulsions, stabilizers - 0.2-0.5%;
- water - 55-64%.
When mixing the above components and air, ice cream is obtained.
The benefits of ice cream
In ice cream contains a large number of vitamins, minerals, amino acids and enzymes, necessary for proper metabolism. Thanks to this cold dessert increases immunity, improves eyesight, normalizes blood pressure. Milk ingredients in this treat are homogenized, that is, the size of fat globules is very small. This contributes to the good assimilation of ice cream. It quickly passes the intestinal tract, so people who have stomach ulcers can safely eat it.
What are the benefits and disadvantages of ice cream for women? The answer is obvious, because this dessert contains easily digestible calcium. An acute shortage of this mineral is observed in pregnant women. Therefore, they are recommended to use ice cream. The main thing at the same time - responsibly approach the choice of delicacies, giving preference to a product made from natural ingredients. There is also an opinion that ice cream positively affects women who are heavily affected by PMS.
In addition, the calcium contained in the dainty helps to maintain the health of teeth and bones, improves blood clotting, reduces the risk of heart disease and prevents the appearance of kidney stones.
This dessert helps reduce blood pressure, so hypertensive people are recommended to use ice cream.
The benefits and harm to the ice cream liver in what? If you are interested in this question, you should know that the dessert contains vitamin B13. It helps to restore the cells of the liver and normalizes its functions.
Harm to ice cream
In general, the harmful effect of ice cream on the body manifests itself only with excessive use of this dessert.
In some cases the use of delicacy can cause a headache. This is due to a rapid decrease in body temperature, resulting in worse blood flow in the brain.
The use of ice cream containing various emulsifiers, stabilizers, dyes and flavors can damage the kidneys and liver and cause allergies.
What are the benefits and harms of ice cream plombir? The positive properties of this product are described above, but its negative impact is possible due to high fat content. Plombir, like cream ice cream, should not be used by people who have high cholesterol. But it can be completely replaced with a cold dessert on a dairy or fruit-berry basis.
Ice cream and fear of excess weight
People who scrupulously count calories should not be afraid of a product like ice cream.
The harm and benefit of such a dessert for those who want to lose weight in what are they? To answer this question, we need to recall the experiment of European doctors who suggested that people with excess weight in their daily dietary diet include a portion of ice cream. At the end of the experiment, it was found that those who regretted cold dessert during weight loss, quickly and effectively dumped weight.
The main thing in this case is to eat ice cream in moderate quantities.
Healing ice cream
The damage and benefits of this dessert are not yet fully understood, but scientists have developed such a kind of delicacy as a medical ice cream, helping to lose weight. It is made on the basis of skim milk with the addition of a special component - inulin. To taste this delicacy is practically the same as usual ice cream.
Also there are several types of cold dessert, which has therapeutic and prophylactic properties:
- With lactulose. This component contributes to the creation of a favorable microflora in the intestines, which increases the body's immunity. This ice cream is recommended for children, workers in chemical plants, patients who have been treated with antibiotics, and elderly people.
- With calcium, magnesium and vitamin A. Such ice cream has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system.
- With acidophilin. This cold dessert improves the work of the digestive tract.
- With beta-carotene. Such a delicacy favorably affects the skin condition and vision.
Ice cream for diabetics
A special ice cream for people with diabetes has been created. However, it contains sugar substitutes that negatively affect health. Therefore, the best choice for diabetics is a treat with fructose. Frozen fruit juice is recommended for patients with hypoglycemia. Is it possible to use classic ice cream? The harm and benefit of this product for people with diabetes are as follows. Rapid increase in glucose in the blood is dangerous for the health of such patients. But if you choose a filling or cream ice cream, the fats present in them will slow down this process. That is, the use of this delicacy is possible, but care must be taken.
How to choose ice cream?
You should choose ice cream from manufacturers that have proven themselves in the market on the positive side.
The components from which ice cream is made must be as natural as possible. Sometimes unscrupulous producers replace milk fat with unacceptable analogues. So, there is an ice cream with vegetable fat. Harm and benefit - what more of this product? The answer to the question will be that the nutritional value of such a dessert will be highly questionable. In addition, such a replacement does not have the best effect on the final taste of the product. It is better to refuse such ice cream.
On the packaging must be specified GOST. This will be an indication that milk was used when making dessert.
It is recommended to purchase ice cream in a package that should not be broken. It should pay attention to the fact that the dainty was the right form, not melted.
The use of ice cream has many more positive aspects than negative ones. In addition to taste pleasure, this delicacy gives the body many useful substances: vitamins, minerals, amino acids. In addition, with the use of cold dessert, serotonin is produced - the so-called happiness hormone, which improves mood and helps to cope with stress and depression. The main thing - do not overdo with the amount of eaten dainties.