Psychologists accompany children from the moment they come to school and until the last bell. These specialists know how to help adapt to children in new classes to completely unfamiliar conditions. There are a lot of problems that students face, affecting their academic performance.
The psychology of a junior high school student is such that studies will not be successful unless favorable interpersonal relationships are built in the classroom and in the family. Therefore, the work of the school psychologist is not only to monitor the psychological climate in the classroom, but also to help the child in the family to be understood and accepted.
The technique, called René Gilles test, allows you to explore the child's attitude to the family and his place in society. The group of tested children includes children from four to twelve. It is based on the visualization of verbal questions-answers. This is some form of transition between questionnaires and projective methods. Psychology of preschool age and psychology of the younger schoolboy are taken into account, with the help of scientific knowledge the psychologist determines the features of the research: in the first case, questions are read for the child, and in the second he reads them himself.
Significance and reliability of tests
Psychologists very often in their diagnostic work use a special toolkit - tests on psychology. They help specialists see what a person can not say. The questionnaire tests also provide information about the individual, but it is only 50-60% reliable, because he intuitively or logically can guess the desirability of the right answers. As a result, he puts the wrong letter he wants, but the one that is needed in the sense of the test.
Projective tests in psychology provide the specialist much more necessary information about a person. Such methods of studying the psyche are more reliable, since there are no closed and open answers, there is no logic for the task and the result. A person draws or chooses what his subconscious dictates, and this is material for the work of the psychologist.
The method of René Gilles
This technique refers to the projective methods of psychology. It consists of certain tasks. In it there are pictures, on which there are images of children and adults. Under each of them - a brief explanation of the situation that occurs, as well as asked the subject question on the subject of this picture.
René Gilles' method for junior students involves assignments. In this test, the contact between the psychologist and the child is important, it is the specialist that articulates these tasks, if it is difficult for the child to read them. Therefore, a friendly and trustful atmosphere should prevail. The procedure is suitable for children from 4 to 12 years. But if a child is characterized as a pronounced infantilist with delays in psycho-speech development, then it can be used for an older age.
What is the purpose of this test?
Each technique is conducted for a specific purpose. René Gill's method is to study fitness for the social situation in which the individual is. Interpersonal relations of the junior schoolchildren, their features, as well as family relationships and characteristics of the child's behavior are explored. This projective technique is good in that it is possible to easily identify the conflict zones of the child in his relationships with adults and children. By influencing them, the psychologist is able to understand the features of the child's character formation and to help his further development.
The method of Rene Gilles involves not only view pictures but also putting yourself in the desired place on the picture. He begins to talk as he led me in this situation, making a choice in favor of one of the following options and behavior of the character illustration. The experimenter in the reasoning of the child asks the right questions and learning the details of his relationships with others and family. Use every feature of a projective test for understanding the internal world of the child, and finding ways aid the development of his personality.
Instructions for the test
Before carrying out projective techniques with children, a specialist should explain in detail what to do. René Gill's method for junior schoolchildren suggests the following instruction: the child should understand that he needs answers to questions on the given pictures. The schoolboy is explained that the pictures have different themes, some depict the family, others represent the children, and so on. The drawings are made so that the child can easily identify with any character. After studying the picture, the participant is asked to make a choice - where he is in the picture. He should mark himself there. After this, each character is spoken out specifically, and the experimenter must record the order of the names of the people depicted and their characteristics from the mouth of the child. If the data for analysis is not enough, then you can talk with parents and teachers.
Questions on indicators of relationships with other people
Before starting testing, the child is informed that answers to questions posed from the pictures are expected from him. The proposed methodology of René Gilles enables the child to see himself in relation to mother, father, family, brothers and sisters, grandmothers, grandfathers, other relatives, friends, educator or teachers. Here you can see the degree of personal development and the level of the formation of the student's position. In matters of family relations, it will be possible to analyze the number of significant adults for the child, whether they are, and what are the relationships between them. Issues of domestic violence are covered, an experienced specialist will be able to determine the microclimate and well-being of the student in this small social group.
The testing psychologist talks with the child, offering additional suggestive questions to clarify all the subtleties of his life, attitude and vision of his place in the family, openness or isolation, a propensity for an active position or loneliness. It is through the questions asked by the child that the methodology is designed to reveal the person with the purpose of seeing the real state of affairs, the composition of the family, the intra-family relations. It is important to find out who the participant sees on the spot of those characters that are not marked, but are present on the picture - who it is, in what order they are named.
Group of questions characterizing the child's personality
Testing is carried out individually, without deepening, revealing typical behavior. It will be right to talk deeper by completing the procedure. The simple and schematic technique of René Gilles is conventionally divided into two large groups:
- Personal relations of the child in the family circle.
- Variables characterizing the personality of an individual and his relationship with others.
All these questions help to see the child as an individual in society and factors that violate his adequate relations in him.
Thanks to the questions characterizing the personality of the tested person, one can determine his level of sociability, the desire to be a leader or, conversely, to retire, the ability to develop conflict situations, frustration, and also such an important trait as curiosity.
The concept of curiosity here expresses the child's closeness to the adult, his story, even some dependence on his opinion, the position of the slave, aimed at the "man-man" relationship. And the concept of solitude in this technique is a sign of intelligence, independence from the opinion of an adult, the ability to study the surrounding world with the direction of "man-object".
Processing of the results of the procedure
The technique of interpersonal relationships Renee Gilles suggests that the child completes the answers according to the instructions, telling details (may not always truthful), from which it is possible to lay down a coherent picture of the conditions of his life. Making a gradual transition from one image to another, the psychologist restores the chain of events which had passed the test, his relationships with adults and peers. Analyzing the match, you can judge the differences in the family. As a result, receiving the result of the methodology of Rene Gilles, can be concluded about the problems that are present in the child.
Interpreting student responses
An analysis of René Gill's methodology is based on the answers received. They have a qualitative and quantitative characteristic. The result can be interpreted by the psychologist himself or ask for explanations to the materials on the application of the test. After testing, the child is given independent work (for example, to draw something), and the psychologist starts working with his parents, proposes to bring their own variants of answers, which they gave the child. The resulting interpretation (the technique of René Gilles) makes it possible to correct as early as possible the identity of a small person.
What is included in the methodology?
The test includes forty-two tasks (25 pictures and 17 text illustrations). The pictures depict different situations, and the child, receiving visual information and question, determines his place in the proposed circumstances. Also a psychologist for the convenience of analyzing the results will be helped by a form on which the child fills in his data.