Psychologists accompany children from the moment they come to school until the last bell. These specialists know how to help children in new classes adapt to completely unfamiliar conditions. There are a lot of problems faced by schoolchildren, affecting their academic performance.
The psychology of the younger schoolchild is such that study will not be successful unless favorable interpersonal relationships are established in the classroom and in the family. Therefore, the work of the school psychologist is not only to monitor the psychological climate in the classroom, but also to help the child in the family to be understood and accepted.
The technique, called the Rene Gilles test, allows you to explore the child’s attitude to the family and its place in society. The test group includes children from four to twelve years old. It is based on the visualization of verbal questions and answers. This is a kind of transitional form between questioning and projective methods. The psychology of the preschool age and the psychology of the younger student is taken into account; with the help of scientific knowledge, the psychologist determines the specifics of the research: in the first case, the questions are read for the child, and in the second he reads them himself.
Significance and reliability of tests
Psychologists very often in their diagnostic work use special tools - tests on psychology. They help professionals see what a person might not say. Test-questionnaires also provide information about the individual, but it is only 50-60% reliable, since he can intuitively or logically guess the desirability of correct answers. As a result, he puts the wrong letter, which he wants, but the one that is needed within the meaning of the test.
Projective psychology tests provide a specialist with much more necessary information about a person. Such methods of studying the psyche are more reliable, since there are no closed and open answers, there is no logic to the task and the result. A person draws or chooses what the subconscious dictates to him, and this is already material for the work of a psychologist.
Rene Gilles technique
This technique refers to the projective methods of psychology. It consists of certain tasks. It has pictures in which there are images of children and adults. Under each of them is a brief explanation of the situation that occurs, and also asks a question to the person being tested on the subject of this picture.
Rene Gilles technique for younger students involves assignments. In this test, the contact between the psychologist and the child is important, it is the specialist who voices these tasks if it is difficult for the child to read them. Therefore, a benevolent and trusting atmosphere should reign. The technique is suitable for children from 4 to 12 years. But if a child is characterized as a pronounced infantilist, who has a delay of psychoverbal development, then it can also be used for older people.
What is this test for?
Each technique is carried out with a specific purpose. The technique of René Gilles aims to study the adaptability to the social situation in which the individual is located. Interpersonal relations of the younger schoolchild, their features, as well as family relationships and behavioral characteristics of the child are investigated. This projective technique is good because it is easy to define the conflict zones of a child in its relations with adults and children. Influencing them, the psychologist is able to understand the peculiarities of the formation of the character of the child and help his further development.
The method of Rene Gilles involves not only view pictures but also putting yourself in the desired place on the picture. He begins to talk as he led me in this situation, making a choice in favor of one of the following options and behavior of the character illustration. The experimenter in the reasoning of the child asks the right questions and learning the details of his relationships with others and family. Use every feature of a projective test for understanding the internal world of the child, and finding ways aid the development of his personality.
Instructions for the test
Before conducting projective techniques with children, the specialist should explain in detail what needs to be done. The technique of René Gilles for younger students suggests the following instruction: the child must understand that he is required to answer questions about the given pictures. The schoolboy is explained that the pictures have different themes, some depict a family, others - children, and so on. Drawings are made so that the child is easy to identify with any character. After studying the picture, the participant is invited to make a choice - where is he in the picture. He must mark himself there. After that, each character speaks out specifically, and the experimenter must write down the order of the name of the people depicted and their characteristics from the child’s mouth. If there is not enough data to analyze, then you can talk with parents and teachers.
Questions on relationship indicators with other people
Before you begin testing, the child is informed that he is expected to answer the questions posed in the pictures. The proposed technique of Rene Gilles allows the child to see himself in relation to his mother, father, family, brothers and sisters, grandmothers, grandfathers, other relatives, friends, educators or teachers. Here you can see the degree of personal development and the level of formation of the student's position. In matters of family relations, it will be possible to analyze the number of adults that are significant for the child, are there any, and what are the relationships between them. The issues of domestic violence are covered, an experienced specialist will be able to determine the microclimate and the well-being of a student in this small social group.
The testing psychologist talks with the child, offering additional leading questions to clarify all the subtleties of his life, attitude and vision of his place in the family, openness or isolation, a tendency to an active position or solitude. It is through the questions asked to the child that the method is intended to reveal the personality in order to see the real state of affairs, family composition, family relations. It is important to find out who the participant sees in the place of those characters that are not marked but present in the picture - who it is, in what order they are named.
A group of questions characterizing the child's personality
Testing is conducted individually, without grooves, revealing typical behavior. Correct will talk more deeply, completing the procedure. The simple and schematic method of Rene Gilles is divided into two large groups:
- Personal relationships of the child in the family circle.
- Variables characterizing the personality of the individual and his relationship with others.
All these questions help to see the child as an individual in society and the factors that violate his adequate relations in him.
Thanks to questions that characterize the person being tested, one can determine his level of sociability, the desire to be a leader or, conversely, retire, the ability to develop conflict situations, frustration, and also such an important feature as curiosity.
The concept of curiosity here expresses the child’s proximity to the adult, his story, even some dependence on his opinion, the position of the slave, aimed at the “person-to-person” relationship. And the concept of privacy in this method is a sign of intelligence, independence from the opinion of an adult, ability to explore the world with the direction of "person-subject".
Processing the results of the methodology
The technique of interpersonal relationships Renee Gilles suggests that the child completes the answers according to the instructions, telling details (may not always truthful), from which it is possible to lay down a coherent picture of the conditions of his life. Making a gradual transition from one image to another, the psychologist restores the chain of events which had passed the test, his relationships with adults and peers. Analyzing the match, you can judge the differences in the family. As a result, receiving the result of the methodology of Rene Gilles, can be concluded about the problems that are present in the child.
Interpretation of student answers
Analysis of the technique of René Gilles is based on the responses received. They have a qualitative and quantitative characteristic. The result can be interpreted by the psychologist himself or seek clarification of the materials on the application of the test. After testing, the child is given independent work (for example, to draw something), and the psychologist begins to work with parents, suggests that they give their own answers, which the child, in their opinion, gave. The interpretation obtained (Rene Gilles technique) makes it possible to correct the personality of a little person as early as possible.
What is included in the kit?
The test includes forty-two tasks (25 pictures and 17 text illustrations). The pictures depict different situations, and the child, receiving visual information and a question, determines his place in the proposed circumstances. Also, a form in which the child fills in his data will help the psychologist to easily analyze the results.