High temperature is always a cause for concern, and the temperature of a child, which does not go down even under the influence of drugs, deserves special attention. Whatever the reasons for prolonged hyperthermia, it can be dangerous. Convulsive syndrome in children and the elderly, severe pain in the head and muscles, dehydration - all this is not a complete list of the consequences of high temperature. Habitual medications from a home medicine chest do not always manage. To bring down the temperature, it is necessary to use stronger means, such as a lytic mixture from temperature.
What is a lytic mixture?
This drug, consisting of various drugs and used to quickly reduce temperature and stop pain. The lytic mixture from temperature is a strong drug with a number of contraindications and side effects. In addition, the mixture can cause allergies, and therefore, it is always necessary to carry out the following test: a drop of the finished mixture drips onto the lower eyelid, and if there are no irritations within half an hour, the drug can be used. Irritation can occur in a variety of ways: swelling, redness, itching, pain, and the like.
The lytic mixture happens in the form of tablets, or in the form of injections.
Litic mixture from temperature in tablets
The main advantage of the lytic mixture in tablets is that in case of an allergic reaction the stomach of the patient can be washed. However, the result of taking the pills appears later than from the injections. The medicine begins to act only after half an hour. The proper dose of the drug should be crushed and diluted with water, and then given to the child. At the same time, analgin tablets cause irritation of the gastric mucosa and can provoke unpleasant sensations.
Litic mixture from temperature in injections
Immediate and effective remedy are intramuscular injections. This is a great way to fight fever, because the effects of injections become noticeable after a quarter of an hour. Do not inject more often than every 6 hours, and ideally - generally once a day. To insure against a possible allergic reaction, you can use the above method: a drop of the drug is instilled in the conjunctival sac. If there is no burning, itching or redness, then there is no allergic reaction.
When is a lytic mixture used?
First of all, the lytic mixture is prescribed for temperature. It is worth noting that experts do not recommend to bring down the temperature below 38.5, except in some cases. For example, if a child has convulsions, severe chills, accompanied by pain in the muscles and joints, you should take an antipyretic even at a temperature of 37.5.
The lytic mixture is also relevant in cases when the usual medicines, such as syrups or candles, do not help. Especially the lytic mixture is shown from the temperature to children, the elderly and groups of people with chronic cardiovascular diseases, and prolonged hyperthermia can exacerbate them.
Also, this remedy is prescribed in cases where there are symptoms of intoxication of the body, with severe vomiting and diarrhea, or with a hangover.
What is the recommended dosage of the injection mixture for children?
Depending on the age, weight and severity of the disease, a certain dose of the drug is prescribed. It should be carefully observed, as too little mixture will not work, and the abuse of the drug is fraught with dangerous consequences and worsen the patient's condition. The lytic mixture from the temperature for children, the dosage of which is determined correctly, is not capable of harming the child.
To bring down the temperature, the composition of the mixture used analgin or metamizole sodium. The dosage of metamizole is determined from the calculation of 10 mg per 1 kg of body weight. It is important to remember that 1 ml of the solution contains only 500 mg of the active substance.
The second component usually uses 1% diphenhydramine. The drug has hypoallergenic effect. Instead, you can use suprastin or Tavegil. For a child up to a year, use 0.1 ml of diphenhydramine.
The dosage of papaverine hydrochloride solution is calculated in the same way as diphenhydramine. For children under one year, use 0.1 ml of the solution. For children older to each year of the child add 0.1 ml. The drug has an antispasmodic effect and enhances heat transfer, thereby reducing the temperature.
What is the recommended dosage of an injectable mixture for adults?
Calculate the required dose for those over the age of 12, just. The lytic mixture from the temperature to adults is prescribed only in cases of very high temperatures. Its composition remains the same as for children, but the proportions change. Adult person will be enough 1 ml of analgin, 1 ml of diphenhydramine and 1.5 ml of papaverine or no-shpy. All this is administered intramuscularly and begins to act for a quarter of an hour.
How is the injection done?
Initially, the ampoules with drugs should be heated to the temperature of the body, especially if the injection is done to the child. You can give them to hold in their hands for a while. The needle and ampoules must be disinfected. The lytic mixture from the temperature is mixed in a disposable syringe. Then the place of injection is treated with alcohol. The needle is inserted 2/3 of its length perpendicular to the skin. The injection is done in the upper outer square of the buttock. The medicine is injected slowly, so that it can dissolve in the tissues.
What is the recommended dosage of a lytic mixture in tablets?
The lytic mixture in tablets in certain cases is more appropriate than conventional injections. Widely used lytic mixture of temperature for children, the dosage in tablets which includes the following portions of drugs: ¼ tablets of analgin, suprastin and no-shpy. Tablets can be doused and diluted with water, and then give a drink to the child. Instead of tablets, you can use liquid from the ampoules of these drugs.
Also suitable is the lytic mixture from the temperature in tablets to an adult. The proportions of this method of administration of the drug are simple: 1 tablet of analgin, 1 - suprastin or diphenhydramine and 1 - no-shpa or papaverine.
Tablets should be washed down with enough water.
What are the contraindications to the use of a lytic mixture?
The lytic mixture should not be used in the following cases:
Abdominal pain accompanied by fever. If the child or adult has these symptoms, you should wait for the doctor. Their cause can be appendicitis, and the lytic mixture stops these manifestations of the disease. In time, undiagnosed appendicitis can provoke serious negative consequences, including a fatal outcome.
Individual intolerance of components. When the allergy test mentioned earlier showed irritation, this method of treatment should be discarded.
Age up to 6 months. The temperature of the baby should be knocked down in other ways, and if the doctor still prescribed a lytic mixture from the temperature, the dosage should be in accordance with the doctor's recommendations.
Reception of analgin-containing drugs less than four hours prior to injection. A large number of taken analgin or other agents included in the mixture will lead to overdose and side effects.
What are the side effects of the lytic mixture?
Uncontrolled treatment with this drug can be disastrous for both children and adults. You should always follow the doctor's instructions and do not use the mixture too often. The human body, which constantly struggles with hyperthermia in this way, can become immune to other medicines. Quite often the drug is easily tolerated, but drowsiness and distraction of attention are possible.
How to knock down the temperature in other ways?
Before using such strong means as a lytic mixture, it is necessary to try to bring down the temperature by more gentle methods that do not harm and activate the body to fight the disease.
First of all, this is a plentiful drink. Dehydration is the eternal companion of high temperature. To replenish the electrolyte balance, you should drink more water than usual. It is better to give up sweet drinks and drink plain water.
It is important that the room in which the patient is staying remains cool. A lot of warm blankets and stuffy rooms can provoke a heat stroke, and this will only exacerbate the situation and worsen the patient's well-being.
You can use the methods of traditional medicine: wraps and wipes. Wipe the patient followed by a solution of vinegar and warm water mixed 1: 5. The whole body is wiped off, starting from the back and abdomen and ending with hands and feet. You can use compresses from the decoction of mint or yarrow. They are applied to the forehead, temples and wrists.
If after these procedures no improvement was forthcoming, you need to resort to medications from your home medicine chest. If they did not help, then a lytic mixture should be used. In cases where the temperature did not drop after the lytic mixture, it is urgent to call a doctor or an ambulance. A high temperature, which does not decrease for a long time, can cause convulsions, spasms and even stopping breathing.