High temperature is always a cause for concern, and the temperature in a child, which does not fall even under the influence of medication, deserves special attention. Whatever the cause of prolonged hyperthermia, it can be dangerous. Convulsive syndrome in children and the elderly, severe pain in the head and muscles, dehydration - all this is not a complete list of the consequences of high temperature. Habitual medicines from the first-aid kit do not always cope. To bring the temperature down, you should use stronger means such as a lytic mixture of temperature.
What is a lytic mix?
It is a drug consisting of various drugs and used to quickly reduce the temperature and relieve pain. Lytic mixture of temperature - a strong drug with a number of contraindications and side effects. In addition, the mixture can cause allergies, and therefore the following test should always be carried out: a drop of the prepared mixture drips onto the lower eyelid, and if no irritations appear within half an hour, the preparation can be used. Irritation can manifest itself in a variety of ways: swelling, redness, itching, pain, and so on.
Lytic mixture is in the form of tablets, and in the form of injections.
Lytic mixture of temperature in tablets
The main advantage of the lytic mixture in tablets is that in the event of an allergic reaction, the patient's stomach can be washed. However, the result from taking pills appears later than from injections. The drug begins to act only after half an hour. The required dose of the drug should be crushed and diluted with water, and then given to the child. At the same time, analgin tablets cause irritation of the gastric mucosa and can provoke discomfort.
Lytic mixture of temperature injections
More rapid and effective means are intramuscular injections. This is a great way to combat fever, because the effect of injections becomes noticeable after a quarter of an hour. Injection should be given no more than every 6 hours, and ideally, generally once a day. It is possible to insure against possible allergic reaction with the help of the aforementioned method: a drop of the drug is buried in the conjunctival sac. If there is no burning, itching or redness, then there is no allergic reaction.
When is a lytic mixture used?
First of all, the lytic mixture of temperature is prescribed. It is worth noting that experts do not recommend churning the temperature below 38.5, except in some cases. For example, if a child has cramps, severe chills, accompanied by pain in muscles and joints, you should take an antipyretic even at a temperature of 37.5.
Lytic mixture is relevant in those cases where the usual medicines, such as syrups or suppositories, do not help. Especially shown is the lytic mixture of temperature for children, the elderly and groups of people with chronic cardiovascular diseases, and prolonged hyperthermia can cause their exacerbation.
This remedy is also prescribed in cases where the symptoms of intoxication of the body are present, with severe vomiting and diarrhea, or with a hangover.
What is the recommended dosage of injectable formula for children?
Depending on the age, weight and severity of the disease, a certain dose of the drug is prescribed. It should be carefully observed, because too little of the mixture will not work, and the abuse of the drug is fraught with dangerous consequences and will worsen the patient's condition. Lytic mixture of temperature for children, the dosage of which is determined correctly, can not harm the child.
To reduce the temperature, analgin or metamizole sodium is used in the mixture. Metamizole dosage is determined at the rate of 10 mg per 1 kg of body weight. It is important to remember that 1 ml of the solution contains only 500 mg of the active substance.
The second component is usually used 1% diphenhydramine. The drug has a hypoallergenic effect. Instead, you can use suprastin or tavegil. For a child up to one year old, use 0.1 ml of Dimedrol.
The dosage of the solution of papaverine hydrochloride is calculated in the same way as dimedrol. For children under one year old use 0.1 ml of solution. For older children, 0.1 ml is added to each child’s year. The drug has an antispasmodic effect and increases heat transfer, thereby reducing the temperature.
What is the recommended dosage of injectable mixture for adults?
Calculate the required dose for those over 12, easy. Lytic mixture of adult temperature is prescribed only in cases of very high temperatures. Its composition remains the same as for children, but the proportions change. For an adult, 1 ml of analgin, 1 ml of dimedrol and 1.5 ml of papaverine or no-shpa will be sufficient. All this is introduced intramuscularly and begins to act for a quarter of an hour.
How is an injection done?
Initially, ampoules with drugs must be heated to body temperature, especially if the injection is given to a child. You can let them hold them in your hands for a while. The needle and ampoules must be disinfected. Lytic mixture of temperature is mixed in a disposable syringe. Then the place of injection is treated with alcohol. The needle is inserted at 2/3 of its length perpendicular to the skin. The injection is made into the upper outer square of the buttock. The drug is injected slowly, so that it has time to dissolve in the tissues.
What is the recommended dosage of lytic mixture in tablets?
Lytic mixture in tablets in certain cases is more appropriate than conventional injections. Lytic mixture from temperature for children is widely used, the dosage in tablets of which includes the following portions of drugs: ¼ tablets of analginum, suprastin and no-shpy. Tablets can be thinned and diluted with water, and then given to drink to the child. Instead of tablets, you can use the liquid from the ampoules of these drugs.
Also suitable lytic mixture of temperature in tablets for adults. The proportions of this method of drug administration are simple: 1 tablet of dipyrone, 1 - suprastin or dimedrol and 1 - no-shpy or papaverine.
Tablets need to drink with water in sufficient quantities.
What are the contraindications to the use of lytic mixture?
Lytic mixture should not be used in the following cases:
Abdominal pain with high fever. If the child or adult has these symptoms, wait for the doctor. Their cause may be appendicitis, and the lytic mixture suppresses these manifestations of the disease. In time undiagnosed appendicitis can provoke serious negative consequences, including death.
Individual intolerance to the components. When the allergy test mentioned earlier showed irritation, this treatment should be abandoned.
Age up to 6 months. The temperature of the baby should be shot down in other ways, and if the doctor still prescribed a lytic mixture of temperature, the dosage should comply with the recommendations of the doctor.
Taking analgesic drugs less than four hours before the injection. A large number of taken analgin or other agents that make up the mixture, will entail an overdose and side effects.
What are the side effects of a lytic mixture?
Uncontrolled treatment with this drug can be fatal for both children and adults. You should always strictly follow the instructions of the doctor and do not use the mixture too often. The human body, which constantly struggles with hyperthermia in this way, may become immune to other drugs. Quite often, the drug is easily tolerated, but drowsiness and confusion of attention are possible.
How to bring down the temperature in other ways?
Before using such powerful tools as a lytic mixture, you should definitely try to bring the temperature down with more gentle methods that will not harm and activate the body to fight the disease.
First of all, drink plenty of it. Dehydration is an eternal high temperature satellite. To replenish electrolyte balance, one should drink more water than usual. It is better to abandon sugary drinks and drink plain water.
It is important that the room where the patient is located remains cool. A lot of warm blankets and a stuffy room can provoke a heatstroke, and this will only aggravate the situation and worsen the patient's well-being.
You can use the methods of traditional medicine: wraps and rubdowns. Wipe the patient should be a solution of vinegar and warm water mixed 1: 5. The entire body is wiped from the back and abdomen to the arms and legs. You can use compresses of mint decoction or yarrow. They are applied to the forehead, temples and wrists.
If after these procedures, no improvement has followed, you need to resort to drugs from a home medicine cabinet. If they did not help either, then the lytic mixture should be used. In cases where the temperature has not dropped after the lytic mixture, an urgent need to call a doctor or an ambulance. High temperatures that do not go down for a long time can cause cramps, spasms, and even stop breathing.