The glory of Lincoln brought his uncompromising struggle against slavery and the liberation of black people in the country. It is the abolition of American slavery forever changed the course of its history. During the Civil war A. Lincoln was in charge of the country and freedom-loving people was able to defeat the Confederacy. He also managed to include in the governments of their main enemies, political views radically differed from his own. Thanks to the competent policy of this President, America has avoided military intervention of great Britain and some European countries. When his presidency across the country began to pass the railroad, received the status of transcontinental. The life of the sixteenth U.S. President was cut short due to murder.
Before the start of a career. About childhood and adolescence
Abraham was born February 12, 1809 in a simple farming family. Parents of the future American head – father T. Lincoln and mother Nancy lived in a small house located in the district of Kentucky Hanceville. The Lincolns in the mid-1816 moved to Indiana, but soon the family was forced to move to Illinois. There in 1818, his mother died.
President Lincoln, as a teenager, the very first of all family members learned to read and write and mathematics. Quite early he had to help earn a livelihood, in particular, he worked hard, performing field work. When he was a little older, I worked as a postman, worked as a boatman and later a logger. The young man easily given to reading, and after a day of drunken he read books.
When A. Lincoln was 21, he left home and moved to a small village of new Salem. Here he has devoted much time to self-education and continued to "devour" books. After 2 years the future President Lincoln made the first part in the elections, because they wanted to become a member of the Legislative Assembly of the state of Illinois. However, this was not true. In 1833 he was appointed postmaster of new Salem, where he could spend hours reading political news of the country and to be aware of the latest events. By the end of this year, Abraham was appointed surveyor, in the position which he worked for several years.
About Lincoln's lawyer career
The legislative chamber of the state of Illinois opened its doors to Lincoln when he won the elections in the age of 25. He soon began to support the political movement of the Whigs. First steps in politics, the young Abraham started during the presidency of E. Jackson. Lincoln strenuously studied law, and in 1836 he brilliantly passed the exams that allowed him to conduct advocacy.
Since 1937 he moved to Springfield, where he began his career at the bar. Together with William Butler was established law firm, which soon earned an excellent reputation. Lincoln often took on the most complex cases of people who do not have the money, and helped all those in need of legal assistance. Very quickly it has won the recognition of people. Although this does not mean that the future President Abraham Lincoln was a poor lawyer who worked only with the poor.
He received a substantial fee and were able to earn a small fortune thanks to their knowledge and constant practice. Labor activity Lincoln has 23 years of practical experience. During his legal practice, Abraham was able to participate in more than 5200 legal Affairs.
Entering the political arena
1846 was marked by the election of Lincoln from the Whig party in the House of Congress that has forced him to move to Washington. In the period from 1847 to 1849 years, he was active against the war United States with Mexico. In that period the President of America was James Knox Polk, whose actions actively condemned Lincoln. President Knox is famous for the fact that during his reign the territory of the States ceded some lands to the South, including new Mexico to California, where he had a direct relationship.
In addition, his government decided on the issue with the UK about the right to property in Oregon.
Lincoln openly criticized the illegal invasion of America to the territory of the Mexican land and fought for the rights of slaves and their liberation. He continued to practice law. Abraham Lincoln (U.S. President in 1861-1865 gg.) in 1856 became a member of the Republican party. However, the election of 1858 in the American Senate it didn't pass, not gaining the required number of votes, losing to Democrat Stephen Douglas. Despite this, many Americans knew him as the fighter for freedom and human rights.
Presidential elections in the USA (1860)
By early October, 1860, the political rivalry between the Northern and southern States reached its peak. Republicans and Democrats fought for values and views, the embodiment of which were the two presidential candidates from both parties. The election was the biggest recorded at that time, voter turnout exceeded 85% of the adult population.
Inauguration and the beginning of the presidency
On March 4, 1861 took place on the process of inauguration, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States (top photo), took the oath of allegiance to his people. He advocated the unity of the people in the state and the equality of citizens.
Shortly after his inauguration in Congress the vast majority of the posts belonged to the Republican party. In addition, his staunchest opponents also received high state officials. So, chase salmon took the post of Finance Minister, and William Seward became Secretary of state.
The Civil War in America (1861)
In 1861 the Southern States seceded from the Union and declared its independence, becoming Confederates. This was followed by the beginning of the Civil war in America. The unity of the country was the priority for President Lincoln, and he was trying to keep it all sorts of ways. However, the events that began to occur in the United States, forced to adopt a series of austerity measures. Already 22.09.1862 in America abolished slavery, and all slaves became officially free. Now blacks, former slaves took to the army units of the Northern States.
The turning point in the war between South and North, came in early July 1863, In Pennsylvania, a small town Gittenberger, the armies of the North defeated the confederates and drove them to Virginia. President Abraham Lincoln proposed a plan for a large-scale offensive, which carried the soldiers of the North, headed by the commander of the army, Willis Grant.
Army of northerners confidently pushed back the troops of the confederates, and in early September 1864, the southerners lost the battle of Atlanta, which determined the outcome of the war. Meanwhile, in the United States began the next presidential election in which the victory was won November 8, Abraham Lincoln. The President of the United States (reign ─ 04.03.1861-15.04.1865) instructed the Congress in late January 1865 to abolish slavery in the States, which had adopted a corresponding amendment to the Constitution of the state.
Already 09.04.1865 G. southerners signed the instrument of surrender. This date is the end of the war. US President Lincoln proposed the cost to reconstruct the southern States to admit blacks as full members of American society.
About the murder of Abraham Lincoln
5 days after winning the Washington theatre, Ford hosted the play "My American cousin". One of the actors who was a supporter of the South, John Booth entered the box where Abraham Lincoln ─ the President of the United States, and fired from a revolver in the head. The wound proved fatal, and 14.04.1865 night he died. Buried A. Lincoln in Springfield, where he began his career as an attorney. The funeral procession passed through many States, and Americans out of their homes to spend the last journey of a man who forever changed the life of the country.