The language unit "treason" has several synonyms. One of them is “adultery”. This word at the present stage of development of the language is used quite rarely, but nevertheless deserves interest.
What does the word "adultery" mean?
The analyzed word was widely used in the 18-19 centuries. Next, we consider in detail its meaning. “Adulter” - what does this word mean within the framework of semantics?
By this concept is meant sexual intercourse between a man who is married and an outside woman or man.Thus, adultery is a betrayal committed by any member of the couple. A number of dictionaries offer different interpretations of the concept under consideration, but the unifying factor is always the presence of the sexual connection of one of the spouses with a stranger.
Modern scholars offer their connotations for the word "adultery." What is it - part of the fashionable trend called feminism, equalizing men and women in the number of connections on the side and giving them the equal right to treason, equality, modern family? Here the neutral coloring of the analyzed concept is traced within the framework of gender stereotypes.
Other scientists, on the contrary, are in favor of the traditional approach, according to which the word “adultery” has a negative connotation since its semantic group includes such words as “distrust”, “shame”, “dissatisfaction”, “revenge”, “Grief”, “divorce”, “parting”.
Meaning of the word "adultery" in various dictionaries
Interpretations of the concept being analyzed can be found in various references. In this section, we consider the academic definitions of the concept of "adultery". What does this word mean according to language dictionaries?
The Small Academic Dictionary of the Russian language gives the following meaning of the concept being analyzed: “adultery”. In this case, the man or woman receives the missing pleasure, combined with the danger of publicity.
D. N. Ushakov considers the word “adultery” in two versions:
- The fact of marital infidelity.
- The person who committed it.
The dictionary of foreign words “adultery” is understood as a betrayal by one spouse to another.
TF Efremov interprets this linguistic concept as obsolete and proposes to consider it as infidelity of a husband or wife.
The modern dictionary also describes the concept of "adultery". The meaning of the word is formulated here as “adultery”. In this case, the semantic group includes such components as “compensation for the lack of thrills”, “extramarital affair”, “sexual relations”, “emotions”.
The origin of the word “adultery”
The etymology of the analyzed concept goes back to the French language. In it, the prototype was written as an adultere, and the dictionaries indicated the word “adultery” in the meaning of “adultery.”In turn, this language unit was borrowed from Latin adultery, that is, "adulterous." The same adjective was derived from the verb adulterare, which means “to lead a dissolute life” or “to plunder”. According to the assumption of a number of linguists specializing in the study of the origin of words, the latter version was created by merging the prefix ad and alter.
A detailed analysis of the prototypes of the word "adultery" revealed that its morphemes are translated as "for" and "other." When added, you can identify the semantic meaning "intended for an outsider." Thus, it becomes obvious when analyzing the language unit “adultery” that this word is a borrowing from a foreign language that occurred in the 18th and 19th centuries by the Russian nobility. It was then that the French literature salon gained considerable popularity.
However, in the framework of comparative linguistics in the process of analysis revealed the true origin of adultery. What does this concept mean in terms of implicitness? The Latin version is from this point of view the closest in value.
Synonyms of the word "adultery"
A more detailed analysis of this concept implies its study within the framework of such a section of the science of language as vocabulary. The word "adultery" is rarely used in modern Russian. A number of scholars attribute it to archaism. The language units that replaced the concept of "adultery" are synonymous. They are understood to be words that are different in pronunciation and spelling, but coincide in their basic lexical meaning. Their main goal is to increase the expressiveness of speech, as well as to avoid its monotony. Most often they are used in fiction. Each synonym has its own specific color and its degree of expressiveness. Many of them may differ from each other in terms of lexical meaning and degree of expressiveness of coloring.
The following nouns can be referred to the synonyms of the word “adultery”: “treason”, “infidelity”, “adultery”, “adultery”, “betrayal”, “perfidy”, “apostasy”, “wariness”, “suspiciousness”, “fornication” .
Antonyms of the word "adultery"
Thus, antonyms are included in the adultery semantic grid, which means the following: they belong to one part of speech (only such words can form the specified pair), have a common language character, and also regularly occur in modern speech and are fixed in the active dictionary. Among the antonyms of the word "adultery" can be called such units as "devotion" and "loyalty."