There are many reasons for the development of male infertility. One of the most common is leukospermia. This term means the presence of a large number of leukocytes in the sperm. The causes of the development of the disease can be many, the main one of them are inflammatory processes, localized in the reproductive system of men. Leukocytes in sperm are always present, but with an increase in the norm, it is urgent to visit a doctor.
The norm and the excess of the indicators in the analysis of sperm
Sperm analysis can normally contain leukocytes in small amounts. Typically, this is:
- 3-5 cells in the field of view of the microscope.
- Up to 1 million cells in 1 milliliter of sperm.
The norm of leukocytes in sperm in the presence of an inflammatory process can be exceeded by several dozen times, which requires immediate medical intervention and treatment. It is obligatory to visit a urologist who will perform a urological system examination and exclude or confirm the presence of inflammatory processes in it.
When diagnosing it is necessary to carry out staining of the sampling material with specialized dyes, which will make it possible to distinguish leukocytes from similar immature spermatozoa.
The survey is possible only in a specialized institution equipped with all the necessary instruments for analyzing the received material.
Leukocytes in semen: the causes of the increase and development of the disease
When there is an inflammation in the body, there are active oxygen radicals. They have a negative effect on the membrane cell membranes and contribute to asthenospermia (decreased activity of spermatozoa).
The inflammatory process, which causes an increase in leukocytes, can be localized:
- in the testicles;
- the prostate gland;
- seminal vesicles.
Diagnosis of the disease should be carried out as early as possible, since the lack of timely treatment can lead to organic changes in the functioning of the male's fertile system and, consequently, to infertility.
Scheme of infertility in the presence of leukospermia
Changes in the functionality of the system are caused by:
- an increase in the level of prostaglandins, which have an antigenic effect on leukocytes;
- as a result, free oxygen radicals are formed that damage the cell membranes of spermatozoa.
These mechanisms are aimed at deactivating antigenic structures, but at the same time have a negative effect on the fertile function. Leukocytes in semen are the first cause of infertility in the male half of the population.
Diagnosis of the disease
For the examination of sperm, several examinations can be carried out:
The first is assigned a spermogram. It provides a full survey of all indicators and characteristics of sperm, allows for a microscopic examination and the necessary treatment or an additional examination.
Analysis of sperm is carried out with an independent sampling of the material (masturbation). It is important to remember that the use of a condom is prohibited, since its surface is treated with spermicides, which violate the vital functions of spermatozoa and, accordingly, lead to the wrong result of the analysis.
Preparation for sperm collection
Before the analysis, it is necessary to ensure sexual abstinence within three days. It is forbidden that abstinence exceed a week. Then the results will be the most accurate. Before direct collection of material, you need to urinate.
Sperm analysis is carried out in specialized laboratories equipped with special rooms for the collection of material.
To obtain correct results it is important to follow all the prescriptions of the doctor before preparing for sperm collection, and follow all the necessary recommendations for the preliminary treatment and elimination of the symptoms of the disease.
The most optimal option is the appointment of antibiotics, which for a short period of time can eliminate the inflammatory process, which causes an increased number of leukocytes in the sperm.
Depending on the type of leukospermia (infectious or non-infectious), the principle of treatment may vary considerably. In the presence of sexually transmitted diseases, it is necessary to undergo examination and treatment at once to both partners and in the future before the end of treatment to avoid sexual contacts or use barrier protective devices (condoms).
The duration of antimicrobial treatment is usually 5-7 days. In the presence of viral pathogens, the duration of treatment increases, especially in the case of the herpes virus. When leukocytes in sperm are increased in the presence of herpesvirus, treatment is carried out using antiviral drugs.
In addition, it is important to take immunostimulating medications that will accelerate the healing process and provide good protection against viruses.
Preventative measures of the disease
Taking care of your health always has positive results. Therefore, in order to avoid the appearance of inflammation and the subsequent infertility it is necessary to adhere to the following recommendations:
- restriction of sexual relations, especially in the absence of a barrier contraceptive;
- absence of overheating or hypothermia of the body;
- maintaining a healthy lifestyle, in particular, tempering the body;
- regular intake of multivitamin complexes;
- the use of products with antioxidant effects on the body (parsley, dried fruits, celery);
- regular examination of the urologist (twice a year), if a suspicious symptom is detected, a doctor should visit the doctor immediately.
Leukocytes in semen are very rarely detected in men who have a regular sex life with only one partner. Help in the prevention of leukospermia can foods high in vitamins A and E, as well as trace elements, especially zinc. Proper nutrition is always a guarantee of good health.
It is necessary to carefully and regularly undergo examinations that allow you to monitor the physiological composition of sperm and all its indicators. In this case, the leukocytes in the sperm will be easy to detect immediately, before the body's immune system creates permanent changes in the functioning of the fertile system.
Be more attentive to yourself and do not be ill!