There are many reasons for the development of male infertility. One of the most common is leukospermia. This term means the presence of a large number of leukocytes in the semen. The causes of the disease can be many, the main of them are inflammatory processes localized in the male reproductive system. White blood cells in the semen are always present, but with an increase in the rate should immediately visit a doctor.
The rate and excess of indicators in the analysis of sperm
Sperm analysis can normally contain white blood cells in a small amount. Typically, this is:
- 3-5 cells in the field of view of the microscope.
- Up to 1 million cells in 1 ml of semen.
The rate of leukocytes in semen in the presence of an inflammatory process can be exceeded several dozen times, which requires the immediate intervention of a physician and treatment. It is obligatory to visit a urologist, who will conduct a survey of the urological system and exclude or confirm the presence of inflammatory processes in it.
When diagnosing it is necessary to carry out the staining of the intake material with specialized dyes, which will make it possible to distinguish leukocytes from immature sperm cells similar to them.
The survey is possible only in a specialized institution, equipped with all the necessary devices for the analysis of the material obtained.
Leukocytes in semen: causes of increase and development of the disease
When inflammation occurs in the body, active oxygen radicals arise. They have a negative effect on the cell membrane and contribute to asthenospermia (decrease in the activity of spermatozoa).
The inflammatory process that causes an increase in leukocytes may be localized:
- in the testicles;
- prostate gland;
- seminal vesicles.
Diagnosis of the disease should be carried out as early as possible, since the lack of timely treatment can lead to organic changes in the functioning of the male fertile system and, consequently, to infertility.
Scheme of infertility in the presence of leukospermia
Changes in system functionality are caused by:
- increased levels of prostaglandins, which have an antigenic effect on leukocytes;
- as a result, free oxygen radicals are formed, damaging the cell membranes of spermatozoa.
These mechanisms are aimed at deactivating antigenic structures, but at the same time they have a negative effect on the fertile function. Leukocytes in semen are the first cause of infertility in the male half of the population.
Diagnosis of the disease
For a semen examination, several examinations can be performed:
The first is the spermogram. It provides a complete examination of all parameters and characteristics of sperm, allows for microscopic examination and prescribe the necessary treatment or additional examination.
Sperm analysis is carried out with an independent sampling of the material under study (masturbation). It is important to remember that the use of a condom is prohibited, since its surface is treated with spermicides that violate the vital activity of spermatozoa and, accordingly, lead to an incorrect analysis result.
Preparing to collect sperm
Before the analysis, it is necessary to ensure sexual abstinence for three days. Abstinence should not exceed a week. Then the results will be the most accurate. It is necessary to urinate before taking the material directly.
Sperm analysis is carried out in specialized laboratories equipped with special rooms for the collection of material.
To get the right results, it is important to follow all the doctor’s instructions before preparing for semen collection, as well as follow all the necessary recommendations for pre-treatment and elimination of the symptoms of the disease.
The best option is the appointment of antibiotics, which in a short period of time will be able to eliminate the inflammatory process that causes an increased number of leukocytes in the semen.
Depending on the type of leukospermia (infectious or non-infectious), the principle of treatment can vary considerably. In the presence of sexually transmitted diseases, it is necessary to undergo examination and treatment at once to both partners and, in the future, until the end of treatment, avoid sex or use barrier protective devices (condoms).
The duration of antimicrobial treatment is usually 5-7 days. In the presence of viral pathogens, the duration of treatment increases, especially for the herpes virus. When, in the presence of herpesvirus, leukocytes are elevated in semen, treatment is carried out with the use of antiviral drugs.
In addition, it is important to take immunostimulatory drugs that will speed up the healing process and provide good protection against viruses.
Preventive disease measures
Taking care of your health always has positive results. Therefore, to avoid the appearance of inflammation and the infertility that follows it, the following recommendations should be followed:
- restriction of sexual intercourse, especially in the absence of a barrier contraceptive;
- lack of overheating or hypothermia of the body;
- maintaining a healthy lifestyle, in particular, hardening the body;
- regular intake of multivitamin complexes;
- use of products with antioxidant effects on the body (parsley, dried fruits, celery);
- regular examination of the urologist (twice a year), if suspicious symptoms are detected, a visit to the doctor should be prompt.
Leukocytes in the semen are very rarely detected in men who have regular sex life with only one partner. To help in the prevention of leucospermia, foods high in vitamins A and E, as well as trace elements, especially zinc, can. Proper nutrition is always a guarantee of good health.
It is necessary to carefully and regularly undergo examinations that allow you to monitor the physiological composition of sperm and all its indicators. In this case, the leukocytes in the sperm will be easy to detect immediately, before the body's immune system creates lasting changes in the functioning of the fertile system.
Be more attentive to yourself and do not get sick!