Baptism in Christianity is one of the main twelve holidays ("twelve" - ​​twelve) associated with the Most Holy Theotokos (the Virgin) and with life in the land of Jesus Christ (master's). What is it customary to do on this day? What is the date of Baptism? These and other questions can be answered in this article.

history of the holiday

The name of the holiday speaks for itself. The word "baptize" or "baptize" from Greek in translation means "immerse in water." With this, by the way, is connected and the mystery of familiarizing with Christianity.

To find out what number to celebrate Baptism, remember what happened on that day, according to the Holy Scripture.

Jesus Christ, who was thirty years old, came to the Jordan River according to the old style on January 6 to receive baptism. John the Baptist, the prophet sent by God himself, tried to prove to the Savior that he was not worthy to conduct the sacrament. Christ insisted, and Baptism was accomplished by the will of the Lord.

During this action the Holy Spirit descended on Jesus in the form of a dove, and from above the voice of the Heavenly Father was heard, confirming that the Savior is His Son. Thus, God appeared in three persons or persons. Here they are: Father - voice, Son - flesh, Holy Spirit - dove. Therefore, Baptism is also called God-giving. Also in the old days the holiday was called Enlightenment (Holy Light), because the Lord is the Light that is on this day to the whole world.

Only after the Baptism Jesus began to preach, enlightening the people.

What is the date of Epiphany?

In ancient times, Christmas and Epiphany celebrated in one day. Later events were divided, and in January two Christian celebrations appeared. Thus, Baptism began to celebrate January 19 on a new style. A week after this day, remember the events of many centuries ago.

On what date does Baptism begin? The very celebration takes place on 19 January. But on the eve of the holiday, on January 18, on the Epiphany Eve, it is customary to observe a strict fast, when it is allowed to eat only juicy (lean flat cakes) and kutya. On the eve of the holiday, the house is thoroughly cleaned, all garbage is thrown away.

Traditions of the holiday

Sanctification of water is the main event of Baptism. Water acquires a miraculous property not only in the walls of churches, but also in open water, on the night of January 18-19. Always for a few moments at the baptism open the heavens. Preserve rivers and lakes the ability to heal and purify a week after the holiday. And the water collected for a celebration in a container does not vanish within a year, possessing all the same medicinal properties. Those wishing to have curative moisture know what date Baptism is on January 19. This date remains unchanged from year to year.

Previously, after the consecration of the hole in the pond, two pigeons were released, and after shooting at the sky with blank cartridges, in memory of the events during the Baptism of Jesus. Now these traditions are not adhered to. Epiphany water was irrigated with all property and dwelling to drive away misfortunes and misfortunes. And in the wells poured holy baptismal water to expel the evil spirit.

It is interesting that even in the Epiphany frosts, believers are immersed in the opening of rivers and lakes. Accepting the purification of the soul and body, they know - to the spiritual man and the true Christian ice water on this night is not to the detriment, but to the good. But still it is necessary to dip with caution. After all, there are diseases in which it is deadly dangerous.

Signs of Epiphany

Many know how many days the Feast of Baptism is when swimming. Signs on this day are not known to everyone, but they are. The interrelation of baptism and strong frost, which is almost everywhere spoken, does not really exist. It is enough to observe the weather on this day. In January, severe frosts are a regularity. By the way, according to the signs, if the holiday is cold, the year will be rich for harvest. The sun is shining - to a hot summer. So those who are used to waiting for the cold at Epiphany, do not worry.

Divination by Baptism

Before the adoption of Christianity in Russia on the day of the current holiday of Baptism, the Christmas Eve - folk festivals, the time of fortune-telling were over. Hence the belief that the evening of January 18 is the most suitable time to find out what awaits in the coming year. But believers know, divination is not an occupation for them. The Church does not approve of this, and indeed the Bible, of course.

What is the date of Baptism, of course, you need to know, but most importantly - do not treat the holiday as something ordinary. Do not dive into the ice hole just because it's accepted. Do not go to the temple just to get water. This is a great holiday - the Baptism of the Lord, thanks to which people were able to cleanse themselves from sins and get rid of diseases.