The attention of the majority of those who were present at the trial was not escaped by the rather restrained and calm behavior of the arrested. Although the judges and spectators were quite hostile towards her, she did not even try to evoke sympathy for her person from the jury. The biography of Marie-Antoinette fully explains this behavior.
On October 16, 1793, the body of Louis XVI, King of France’s wife, was decapitated. To such death she was sentenced by a revolutionary tribunal. With his own “light hand” a few days before that, the execution of her husband took place. The queen was accused of treason and espionage in favor of foreign countries.
Birth and marriage
Biography of Marie-Antoinette began in Vienna and it was here the future wife of the king of France. This event took place on 2 November 1755. Her mother was an Austrian Archduchess Maria Theresa and father of the Holy Roman Emperor Francis I. She was the eleventh child in the family and beloved daughter of his mother. The girl brought up according to strict rules Gabsburgskogo home.
After Franz Stefan died, the administration of the Holy Roman Empire passed into the hands of Maria Theresa. She was good at all state affairs and was very concerned about the future of all her children. Therefore, the biography of Marie Antoinette was predetermined.
In 1770, she married the dauphin Louis, who was the grandson of King Louis XV of France, and after his death in 1774, became the ruler of the country. Thus, the alliance between the families of the Habsburgs and the Bourbons strengthened.
Louis' physical disability did not allow their marital relations to fully develop. This was the source of many disappointments of the young wife. Therefore, the king could not refuse her anything.
Biography of Marie-Antoinette says that she takes great pleasure participated in court entertainments: performed different roles in the theatre, danced and played music. Immediately after moving to Versailles, it all showed his arrogant nature that refused to establish relations with Dubai. The latter was the recognized mistress of Louis XV. And only the king himself could change the fact that Marie-Antoinette followed all the rules of etiquette. From this story it and began to call "proud Austrian".
An even greater distance of the woman from the former court aristocracy occurred after the coronation. The structure of her environment included only some selected people, among which the main place belonged to Countess Polignac. The queen left the palace courtyard and reigned in the Petit Trianon.
The complicated manner of its conduct was the cause of total condemnation. Many of the courtiers turned against her. But not only they. The whole state was not happy with the fact that the country is ruled by a Queen whose husband is in complete subordination.
The operation of the king and the new family life
From 1777, after the surgery was done to the king, the family life of the royal couple begins to improve. Over time, they have a daughter, and then three more children are born one by one. Of these, at the time of the beginning of the revolution, only two remained alive - this is Louis Carl and Maria Teresa of France. During the revolutionary period, the children suffered from Marie-Antoinette. Their biography includes information about the forced relocation from Versailles to Paris and house arrest in the Tuileries.
Rumors tarnishing the honor of the queen about her depraved lifestyle have not ceased to spread. Outside the country they constantly talked about significant expenditure of funds for various court holidays, about secret entertainment in the night French capital. Particularly fiercely treated the "artificial village" in the Little Trianon. Moreover, the state of the country's economy has deteriorated significantly, as a result of which the Queen began to be called "Madame Deficit."
1785 becomes very significant for the Royal family. August 9 in conversation with the jeweler Bohmer, Marie-Antoinette finds out about the history, later called "the thing about the Queen's necklace". A certain Jeanne, posing as the Countess Valois de La Motte suggested to the cardinal de Rohan ' to find a special necklace for the Queen. Its manufacturer engaged bomer and Bossing. The cardinal at that time it was in favor of the Queen and more than anything wanted to be her favorite.
In order to convince him even more, the imaginary duchess arranges a date for the actress, who appears to be the queen, and sends him a letter with a fake signature. The cardinal begins to pay money to jewelers through Joan. As a result, she ran off to London with her husband and sold the necklaces there in pieces. Also, a large number of adventurers participated in it.
The real Queen Marie-Antoinette, whose biography was so full of all sorts of “interesting” stories, received a statement about all this in writing from jewelers and addressed her husband in order to protect her honor. The main enemy in her eyes was Rogan, and her husband ordered him arrested. This caused outrage in the society of Paris, because the prisoner was a prince of blood.
Substantial undermining of dynasty prestige
The case had been in Paris before Parliament. Cardinal court acquitted, as well as other associates. Put the blame on Jeanne, which is a relatively short time, escaped from prison. It could be done only by the person who had someone's protection.
Revolution, arrest and death
After July 14, 1789 the Bastille was taken and the revolution began, the behavior of the ruler can be described as more decisive than her husband. Queen Marie-Antoinette, a brief biography that shows her as a strong-willed woman, insisted that it is necessary to crush the rebellion by using weapons. In October of 1789, she managed to establish secret relations with Mirabeau, who at the time was one of the revolutionary leaders. She was also the organizer of the care of the family in Varennes. This attempt to escape took place on June 25, 1791. But she failed.
Korleva bravely enough suffered the execution of her spouse accused of a number of crimes. On October 14-15, 1793, she was found guilty of high treason. She was guillotined.
In 1932, the world saw the first publication of Stefan Zweig, which contained information about who Marie Antoinette (biography), her children, and her husband really were.