From the attention of most of those who were present at the trial, the rather steady and calm behavior of the arrested person did not escape. Although the judges and spectators were quite hostile to her, she did not even try to evoke sympathy for her person on the part of the jury. The biography of Marie Antoinette fully explains this behavior.
October 16, 1793, was decapitated the body of the wife of the King of France Louis XVI. She was sentenced to death by a revolutionary tribunal. With his "light hand" a few days before the execution took place and her husband. The Queen was accused of betrayal and espionage in favor of foreign countries.
Birth and marriage
Biography of Marie-Antoinette began in Vienna and it was here the future wife of the king of France. This event took place on 2 November 1755. Her mother was an Austrian Archduchess Maria Theresa and father of the Holy Roman Emperor Francis I. She was the eleventh child in the family and beloved daughter of his mother. The girl brought up according to strict rules Gabsburgskogo home.
After the death of Franz Stefan, the administration of the Holy Roman Empire passed into the hands of Maria Theresa. She well led all state affairs and was very concerned about the future of all her children. Therefore, the biography of Marie Antoinette was predetermined in advance.
In 1770, she married the Dauphin of Louis, who was the grandson of the King of France Louis XV and after his death in 1774 became the ruler of the country. Thus, the union between the families of the Habsburgs and the Bourbons was strengthened.
The physical defect of Louis did not give full development to their marriage relations. This was the source of many sorrows of the young wife. Therefore, the king could not deny her anything.
Biography of Marie-Antoinette says that she takes great pleasure participated in court entertainments: performed different roles in the theatre, danced and played music. Immediately after moving to Versailles, it all showed his arrogant nature that refused to establish relations with Dubai. The latter was the recognized mistress of Louis XV. And only the king himself could change the fact that Marie-Antoinette followed all the rules of etiquette. From this story it and began to call "proud Austrian".
Even more distant women from the former court aristocracy occurred after the coronation. Her environment consisted of only selected people, among whom the main place belonged to the Countess Polignac. The queen left the palace courtyard and reigned in Malian Trianon.
The complicated manner of its conduct was the cause of total condemnation. Many of the courtiers turned against her. But not only they. The whole state was not happy with the fact that the country is ruled by a Queen whose husband is in complete subordination.
The King's Operation and a New Family Life
Since 1777, after the king's surgery, the family life of the royal couple begins to improve. Over time, they have a daughter, and then one after another three children are born. Of these, at the time of the outbreak of the revolution, only two remained alive: these were Louis Carl and Maria Theresa of France. Hardships during the revolutionary period were carried by the children of Marie Antoinette. Their biography includes information about the forced relocation from Versailles to Paris and home arrest in the Tuileries.
Defaming the honor of the queen rumors of her depraved way of life did not cease to spread. Outside the country, they constantly talked about the considerable expenditure of funds for various court festivals, about secret entertainments in the night French capital. Particularly fiercely referred to the "artificial village" in Maly Trianon. Moreover, to all this, the state of the country's economy deteriorated significantly, as a result of which the Queen was called "Madame Deficit".
The Case of the Necklace
1785 becomes very significant for the Royal family. August 9 in conversation with the jeweler Bohmer, Marie-Antoinette finds out about the history, later called "the thing about the Queen's necklace". A certain Jeanne, posing as the Countess Valois de La Motte suggested to the cardinal de Rohan ' to find a special necklace for the Queen. Its manufacturer engaged bomer and Bossing. The cardinal at that time it was in favor of the Queen and more than anything wanted to be her favorite.
In order to convince him even more, the imaginary duchess arranges a count from a meeting with an actress who appears to be a queen, and hands him a letter with a fake signature. The cardinal begins to pay through Jeanne money to jewelers. As a result, she fled with her husband to London and sold out the necklace piece by piece. Also, many more adventurers took part in this.
The real Queen Marie Antoinette, whose biography was already full of all kinds of "interesting" stories, received a statement about all this in writing from the jewelers and turned to her husband in order that he protect her honor. The main enemy in her eyes was Rogan, and her husband ordered him to be arrested. This caused resentment in the society of Paris, because the arrested person was a prince of blood.
A fundamental undermining of the prestige of the dynasty
The case had been in Paris before Parliament. Cardinal court acquitted, as well as other associates. Put the blame on Jeanne, which is a relatively short time, escaped from prison. It could be done only by the person who had someone's protection.
Revolution, Arrest and Death
After July 14, 1789 the Bastille was taken and the revolution began, the behavior of the ruler can be described as more decisive than her husband. Queen Marie-Antoinette, a brief biography that shows her as a strong-willed woman, insisted that it is necessary to crush the rebellion by using weapons. In October of 1789, she managed to establish secret relations with Mirabeau, who at the time was one of the revolutionary leaders. She was the organizer of the care of the family in Varennes. This attempt to escape took place on June 25, 1791. But it failed.
Korleva courageously suffered the death of her husband, accused of a number of crimes. On October 14-15, 1793, she was found guilty of high treason. It was guillotined.
In 1932, the world saw the first publication of Stefan Zweig, which contained information about who in fact were Marie Antoinette (biography), her children and her husband.