Chickens of Cochin can not help attracting attention. A large bird in luxurious "pants" of various colors clearly gravitates to the title of decorative. Nevertheless, Cochin - chickens, which are well ridden and along with the beautiful plumage can please an excellent carcass, not at all a child's size. In addition, meat is excellent taste.
Chickens of the Cochinhin breed (photos in the text) were known in China and Vietnam in the ninth century. At the same time, a dwarf species of Cochin was also bred. The dispute about which country is the birthplace of these unusual chickens is still going on.
Moreover, if in the Chinese Imperial Palace they were assigned exclusively decorative role, then in South Vietnam, (the Europeans called it Cochin) they were bred solely out of love for chicken meat.
Kohinhin - chickens, which in China were presented as a gift to foreign representatives, struck Europeans. History claims that they entered Europe in the first half of the nineteenth century, as a gift to the Queen from the Chinese emperor.
A real boom began to breed this bird. Breeders not only increased the population of chickens, but also actively used their gene pool for breeding new breeds. The Cochins gave their hefty body weight and calm, well-balanced disposition steadfastly.
What is the stand of Cochin China? Chickens (description and characteristics given below) to date, several inferior quality productive new crosses. Of course, the most characteristic feature of these birds is their plumage and size, some specimens reach a height of 70 cm.
Today bred several species. Chickens of Cochin differ in the color of plumage. They are:
Despite the variety of colors for all individuals, there are characteristic signs:
- head is small, neat;
- the beak is slightly curved, yellow, short;
- length of neck is average;
- a rounded body shape - ideally a sphere;
- the back is wide, short, slightly elevated closer to the waist, also broad;
- thorax muscular, bulky, well developed;
- short wings tightly pressed to the trunk;
- feet widely set, feathered, of low yellow color;
- the feathers on the legs are magnificent, the feathers cover the metatarsals, the outer and middle fingers.
Dwarf cochins are much smaller: chickens - up to 0.9 kg, males - 1.0 kg, egg-laying - 90 pieces, with egg weight 30 grams.
Advantages and disadvantages
Kohinhin - chickens, which have a number of advantages, which should pay attention when choosing poultry:
- very unpretentious to the conditions of detention;
- have a calm temperament;
- weather frosts to -20 0;
- do not need a large area for walking;
- have a beautiful appearance.
Beauty and dimensions attract, but do not forget about some difficulties in breeding:
- chickens very long feather, under adverse conditions, possible colds;
- with malnutrition, the bird is prone to obesity;
- to preserve the breed characteristics at home, special knowledge is needed.
Features of the content
For keeping this breed of chickens will need a fenced-range and high fences. In the winter, insulated the coop is not necessary. The bird calmly tolerate extremes of temperature and feels great at a temperature of 10 to 0. 15 0. winter valid -2 0. in summer 0 to 25 .
Kohinhin - chickens, absolutely not able to fly. Nases for them are low, and nests are arranged right on the floor. Chickens and cocks do not contain together, this allows you to preserve the plumage of the bird.
That the bird does not suffer from parasites, the floor is kept clean and dry. To maintain the presentable appearance of chickens, the paddock (if any) is necessarily done under a canopy. This will protect the bird from dirt after rain.
Feeding does not bring any trouble. Chickens eat everything they give. The optimum option will be special dry food. They are completely balanced on all nutrients and will minimize obesity of the bird.
At home feeding usually adhere to such scheme:
- early morning - one third of the grain from the daily rate;
- at 8 o'clock in the morning and at 12 o'clock in the afternoon they give a wet mash;
- at 17 hours - two-thirds of the grain from the daily rate.
Summer is very useful to Supplement their diet with fresh greens. Suitable herbs and greens from the garden. In the winter you can add a good quality hay. We should not forget about mineral supplements. Perfect fish, meat and bone meal, oil cake, boiled vegetables, wheat germ. A separate feeder shall be filled with gravel. Access to water constantly.
The lack of calcium and phosphorus can lead to loss of fluffy feather cover. The lack of a sufficient amount of protein (animal origin) sharply slows down the growth of the bird, can lead to cannibalism.
With all the requirements for keeping and feeding the Kohinchin chickens (photo presented in this article), they will thank the owner with a magnificent view of the farmstead, good egg laying in the winter and a fat carcass after slaughter.