Cochin chickens can not fail to attract attention. A large bird in the luxurious "pants" of various colors is clearly a decorative one. However, kohinhins are chickens that rush well and, along with beautiful plumage, can make an excellent carcass happy, not at all of a child's size. In addition, the meat has a great taste.
Kokhinhin breed chickens (photo in the text) were known in China and Vietnam as early as the ninth century. At the same time, a dwarf variety of Cochinquin was bred. The dispute as to which country is home to these unusual chickens is still ongoing.
Moreover, if in the Chinese imperial palace they were assigned an exclusively decorative role, in South Vietnam (the Europeans called Kohinkhin) they were bred solely for the love of chicken.
Cochinquin - chickens, which in China were presented as a gift to foreign representatives, struck the Europeans. History claims that they came to Europe in the first half of the nineteenth century, as a gift to the Queen of England from the Chinese emperor.
Began a real boom for the breeding of this bird. Breeders not only increased the population of chickens, but also actively used their gene pool to breed new breeds. The Cochins are steadfastly passing on their large body mass and calm balanced temperament.
What is the stand of Cochin China? Chickens (description and characteristics given below) to date, several inferior quality productive new crosses. Of course, the most characteristic feature of these birds is their plumage and size, some specimens reach a height of 70 cm.
Today, several species are bred. Cochin chickens differ in plumage color. They are:
Despite the variety of colors for all individuals, there are characteristic features:
- the head is small, neat;
- beak slightly curved, yellow, short;
- neck length is average;
- round body shape - ideally a ball;
- the back is wide, short, slightly raised closer to the waist, also wide;
- chest muscular, voluminous, well developed;
- short wings tightly against the body;
- legs set wide, feathered, low yellow color;
- the plumage on the legs is magnificent, the feathers cover the metatarsus, the outer and middle toes.
Dwarf kohinhiny weigh much less: chickens - up to 0.9 kg, roosters - 1.0 kg, egg production - 90 pieces, with an egg weight of 30 grams.
Advantages and disadvantages
Cochinquin - chickens that have a number of advantages that you should pay attention to when choosing poultry:
- very unpretentious to the conditions of detention;
- have a calm temperament;
- can withstand temperatures down to -20 0;
- do not need a large area for walking;
- have a beautiful appearance.
Beauty and size attract, but do not forget about some difficulties in breeding:
- chickens fledge for a very long time; colds are possible under adverse conditions;
- with improper feeding the bird is prone to obesity;
- to preserve the characteristics of the breed at home need special knowledge.
For keeping this breed of chickens will need a fenced-range and high fences. In the winter, insulated the coop is not necessary. The bird calmly tolerate extremes of temperature and feels great at a temperature of 10 to 0. 15 0. winter valid -2 0. in summer 0 to 25 .
Cochinquin - chickens who absolutely can not fly. The roosts for them are made low, and the nests are arranged right on the floor. Chickens and roosters do not contain together, it allows you to save the plumage of the bird.
So that the bird does not suffer from parasites, the floor is kept clean and dry. To maintain a presentable type of chickens walking (if any) must be done under a canopy. This will save the bird from dirt after rain.
Feeding does not bring any trouble. Chickens eat everything they give. The best option will be special dry food. They are fully balanced for all nutrients and will minimize bird obesity.
At home feeding usually follow this scheme:
- early morning - one third of the grain from the daily rate;
- at 8 am and at 12 noon they give wet mash;
- at 17 o'clock - two thirds of the grain from the daily requirement.
Summer is very useful to Supplement their diet with fresh greens. Suitable herbs and greens from the garden. In the winter you can add a good quality hay. We should not forget about mineral supplements. Perfect fish, meat and bone meal, oil cake, boiled vegetables, wheat germ. A separate feeder shall be filled with gravel. Access to water constantly.
Lack of calcium and phosphorus can lead to loss of fluffy feather cover. The lack of a sufficient amount of protein (animal origin) dramatically slows the growth of the bird, can lead to cannibalism.
If all the requirements for the maintenance and feeding of kohinkhin chickens (the photo is presented in this article) are met, they will thank the owner with a luxurious view of the compound, good egg production in winter and a full carcass after slaughter.