Kurban-Bayram belongs to the main Muslim holidays. It is important for every person whose religion is Islam. It originated many centuries ago. Many traditions are associated with the holiday.
When is Kurban-Bayram?
The holy hajj ends with the holiday. It is customary to celebrate it 70 days after Uraza-Bairam. In Muslim countries this day they do not work, and the day before the holiday they reduce the working day of the inhabitants of Islamic states. Kurban-Bayram Tatarstan celebrates 3 days. The remaining countries with Muslim communities live the social life of their states. What is the date of Kurban-Bayram on the civil calendar, it is difficult to say. The date changes every year. Muslims use the Lunar calendar (Hijra).
History of Kurban Bairam
The holiday of Eid al-Adha is associated with Ibrahim. He is known as a prophet not only in Islam, but also among Christians and Jews. Ibrahim is an example of obedience that passed all the trials of Allah. The prophet saw in a dream the angel Jebrail, who ordered Ibrahim to commit the slaughter of Ismail's eldest son. He did not believe his eyes, but he had such a dream more than once. It was necessary to fulfill the will of Allah. The father took his son to the place of sacrifice. Shaitan met them three times on the way and discouraged them from the slaughter. But they did not obey him and stoned him.
When the knife was brought to the throat of Ismail, he stopped cutting. The father heard a voice that the victim was not needed, his faith was strong, and all the conditions were fulfilled. Unknown from where the lamb appeared, who spent 40 years in paradise. His happy father made a sacrifice.
All events took place near Mecca. The act of Ibrahim was considered a symbol of love for Allah. Since then, all Muslims as a token of the righteousness of faith sacrifice a ram or other animal.
Etymology of the name of the holiday
The term Kurban-bairam is of Turkic origin. It is used by residents of the CIS countries. "Kurban" in Arabic means an approximation, "Bayram" - a holiday. Although the holiday of Kurban Bairam is associated with the sacrifice of the ram, its main meaning is the approach to Allah. In Arabic, its name sounds different: Eid al-Adha. The literal translation is the "feast of the victim". What is the date of Kurban-Bayram, the Muslims learn by looking into the Islamic calendar. It is customary to celebrate on the 10th day of Dhul-Hijjah during the pilgrimage to Mecca. In 2015, Muslims celebrated this holiday on September 24.
Actions of Muslims before the holiday
Kurban-Bayram completes the hajj, which is of great importance for every orthodox Muslim. The pilgrimage to Mecca is provided by one of the pillars of Islam. This shrine is in Saudi Arabia.
Muslims who have material means, on the eve of the Feast of the Sacrifice, go to Mount Arafat. There passes Day of standing. Believers pray for a day, perform prayer, read the Koran. After spending the night on Arafat, they go to Mina with the first rays of the sun. Traditionally, the Tawaf Kaabu is circumvented seven times. Like Ibrahim and Ismail, Muslims symbolically throw rocks, pretending to drive Shaitan. After this, you can perform the rite of sacrifice.
In connection with financial difficulties, not all believers can go to Mecca. But Islam does not prohibit the slaughter of a ram where Muslims live. It is advisable to fast for two weeks before the onset of one of the main Muslim holidays.
How is it customary to celebrate a holiday?
When Kurban-Bayram comes to the house of Muslims, they are very happy. This event is considered to be a religious and family holiday. On the eve of the holiday, women are prompted in the house order, prepare different dishes.
It does not matter where Eid al-Adha is celebrated: the morning of Muslims begins with a festive prayer. Before it is carried out, believers are washed, dressed in new beautiful clothes, and smeared with incense. Food before this is not accepted. After the prayer, people return to their homes. There they gather with a family or a group and praise Allah.
The sacrifice is brought in a namazogo, reserved for the rite, near the mosque. When Kurban Bairam comes, all Muslims approach the mosque in order to hear the preaching of the Imam or Mullah. Clergymen familiarize with the traditions of the holiday, talk about hajj.
At the end of the sermon, the ritual animal is sacrificed. They may be a sheep or other cattle (camel, cow, bull, goat). The head of the sacrificial animal is turned to Mecca, in his mouth they put a candy, which during the rite is blessed by Allah.
For the rite choose the best animal, beautiful and healthy, at the age of one year. After the slaughter, the meat of cattle is distributed to their families and needy people. The owner takes the first part of the meat, gives the second to the festive table, the third - poor and hungry Muslims. On this day you need to be generous. Sacrificial animals are given to orphanages, boarding houses for the elderly. Sorry to give away meat to people is a grave sin. You can also share with representatives of other religions.
The lamb mistress is preparing the house. The family invites guests, prepares a festive meal, bedding a beautiful tablecloth and delivering the best cutlery. Dishes on the table depend on the Muslim country, the tastes of family members. Traditionally, meat dishes are served with seasonings and spices added.
When Kurban Bairam is celebrated for three days, it is customary to read the Koran, visit the graves of dead relatives. Muslims come with gifts to visit, please their loved ones, give alms.