The houseplant clivia, known by many in appearance, belongs to the Amaryllis plants, and is often confused with the same representative of the family. Although it differs from its relatives in that it does not have a bulb and does not shed its leaves. Evergreen clivia, home care for which does not cause difficulties, the plant is very beautiful and luxurious. Learn about the main rules of caring for it and methods of reproduction.
This is one of the five species of the same genus of plants. She is the favorite of all indoor and greenhouse views with spectacular green leaves and beautiful flowers. It can also be found under the name Clivia orange, surikovaya, Kaffir. An evergreen plant native to South Africa, a typical inhabitant of subtropical forests and foothills.
Clivia (photos are presented) does not have a stem, but only curved dark green leathery leaves and short rhizome. It grows slowly and only by the age of 15 forms up to 25 leaves, having a length of up to 0.5-0.7 m and a width of up to 8 cm. The plant itself can reach up to 60 cm in height under room conditions.
A stunning sight is a blooming clivia. During this period, a long peduncle grows from the middle (up to 30 cm), and from 12 to 26 flowers form on it. Their color may vary depending on the variety, which are currently displayed quite a lot. As a rule, the flowers are bright orange with a yellowish base.
Clea is often confused with other indoor plants, its bulbous relatives. And then it can be difficult to figure it out until it either blooms, or you begin to repot it and find a rhizome.
Place in the house and lighting
Being a typical subtropical plant, clivia does not tolerate direct sunlight at all, so southern windows are not for it. It is best to choose a place with diffused light, allowed partial shade. It will need a lot of space, you should not push it into tightness to other colors. The main difficulty may arise when providing Clivia the desired temperature. In the summer it is quite simple - enough for 20-25 ° C, you can take the plant to the balcony, loggia or garden. But in winter, the proximity of heating radiators is completely undesirable, clivia (photos of the plant are placed in the article) need to lower the temperature to 10-12 ° C.
Soil for clivia
The easiest option to choose the soil for this plant is to buy it in the store, there are special mixes that are already balanced in composition. If you want to prepare the soil yourself, then take the humus, peat and black sod land in the ratio of 1: 1: 2. The soil should be light and let the air through to the roots, and also not allow moisture to stagnate. For these purposes, be sure to make a large drainage hole in the pot and put it on the bottom of the expanded clay, the broken shell of walnuts or coconut.
The annual transplanting is needed only for young individuals, for adults it is enough to change the top layer of soil in the pot. The roots are very fragile and sensitive, so the plant should be disturbed at a minimum when it no longer fits in the pot. A pot too large is not needed, otherwise the flower will actively increase the green mass, and flowering will be postponed.
Watering and humidity
Despite the fact that it is a subtropical flower, clivia is not particularly demanding on air humidity. She calmly transfers our typical apartments and does not need frequent spraying, you can do without it at all. It is enough to periodically wipe the dense, leathery leaves with a damp sponge from accumulated dust.
But watering should be regular, in the summer months, frequent and abundant, in the winter (during the period of rest) - moderate. If you are not sure whether the plant needs moisture, it is better to wait for some time, a slight drying of the soil surface in the pot is permissible. The main principle - do no harm, excess moisture and overflow can destroy the flower. Starting from spring, it is necessary to regularly apply complex mineral and organic fertilizers (alternately) strictly in accordance with the instructions on the packaging.
As you can see, clivia care at home requires a minimum, so grow it under the force even to novice growers.
Flowering and resting period
An evergreen plant with large leaves is already beautiful and has stunning decorative qualities. However, if you follow the simple rules of care, then every year Clivia will delight you with a bright, lush flowering. The main factor in this matter is the winter period of rest for the plant. He is needed. Young individuals need two months, and adults need 3-4. Initially, watering at the end of the summer is reduced, and in September - October they stop completely and transfer the plant to a cool place. You can not water the flower until the end of the rest period. Water is needed in exceptional cases, if suddenly you notice that the leaves began to turn yellow or wilted. This requirement is the answer to the very common question of why clivia does not bloom.
The transfer of plants to a warm room and watering begin when the flower tube rises by 10-15 cm. Do not rush and worry, everything is thought out by nature, otherwise you can hurt and the buds will simply stop growing, and then fall away. After the end of flowering, it is necessary to cut the peduncle, otherwise it will pull forces from the plant to form seeds that are not needed in principle.
Clivia can be propagated in two ways.
Used often, especially for new varieties. You can buy the coveted sachet in specialized stores, but be sure to pay attention to the shelf life. Or you can get the seeds yourself, but it will have to do the pollination of flowers. For sowing, prepare a shallow box with a light nutrient primer. Spread the seeds evenly over a short distance from each other and moisten abundantly with a spray bottle. Then the box should be placed in a bag of polyethylene or drag the film and put in a warm place (at least 18 ° C). As soon as a pair of true leaves appear, young plants can be planted in separate pots. Thus, for the year you will grow a new clivia. Care at home for seedlings is similar to that of adult specimens, except that in the first year a rest period is not recommended.
This option is only possible with strong adult plants. If you notice that the Clivia has scions and you want to plant them, then let them grow to a height of about 15 cm and get their own roots. Only after this, when a mother plant is being transplanted, it will be possible to separate them (at this point they should have at least 4 leaves). At first, the young offspring is watered very moderately, allowing the ground to dry slightly. Transplanted as needed. The clivia propagated in this way blooms, as a rule, in the second year.
Diseases and pests
It is important to know that clivia, home care has a simple, but prone to some diseases. And many of them appear as a result of non-compliance with the temperature or water regime. Of the diseases of a bacterial nature, rust is most often. At the first sign of its appearance, treat the flower with “Oxyhom”. Clivia, due to its large, leathery and succulent leaves, is sometimes affected by scutes, which can be seen from brown spots. The first insects literally suck all the juices out of the plant. It can be very difficult to get rid of them, and they multiply rapidly, so it is better to immediately treat the flower with insecticide.