Known to many in appearance, the houseplant cleavage refers to Amaryllis, with the same name of the family, it is often confused. Although it differs from its relatives in that it does not have a bulb and does not lose leaves. Evergreen Cleavage, home care for which does not cause difficulties, the plant is very beautiful and luxurious. Learn about the main rules of care for her and ways of reproduction.
This is one of the five species of the same genus. It is she who is the favorite all room and greenhouse with spectacular green leaves and beautiful flowers. It can also occur under the name of Cleavia orange, Surik, Kafrian. Evergreen is a native of South Africa, a typical inhabitant of subtropical forests and foothills.
Klivia (photo presented) does not have a stem, but only curved dark green leathery leaves and a short rhizome. It grows slowly and only up to the age of 15 it forms up to 25 leaves, having a length of 0.5-0.7 m and a width of up to 8 cm. The plant itself can reach up to 60 cm in height in room conditions.
A stunning spectacle is a blossoming clevia. During this period, a long flower-bud grows from the middle (up to 30 cm), and on it 12 to 26 flowers are formed. Their color may differ depending on the variety, which is displayed quite a lot at the moment. As a rule, the flowers are bright orange with a yellowish base.
Cleavage is often confused with other indoor plants, its onion relatives. And then it can be difficult to understand until the moment when it either does not bloom, or you do not start replanting it and find a rhizome.
The place in the house and the lighting
Being a typical subtropical plant, the cleavage does not tolerate direct sunlight, so the southern windows are not for her. It is best to choose a place with scattered light, half-shadow is acceptable. Space it will need a lot, do not push it into tightness to other colors. The main difficulty can arise when providing a clivus of the desired temperature regime. In the summer it is quite simple - enough 20-25 ° C, you can take the plant on a balcony, loggia or garden. But in the winter the proximity of the radiators is completely undesirable, the cleavage (the photo of the plant is placed in the article) needs to lower the temperature to 10-12 ° C.
Soil for Cleavia
The easiest way to choose a primer for this plant is to buy it in the store, there are special mixtures that are already balanced in composition. If you want to prepare the soil yourself, then take humus, peat and black turf ground in a ratio of 1: 1: 2. The soil should be light and let the air pass to the roots, and also prevent moisture from stagnating. For the same purpose, make sure to make a large drainage hole in the pot and pour it onto the bottom of the claydite, a battered shell of walnuts or coconut.
Annual transplantation is only necessary for young specimens, it is enough for an adult to change the top layer of soil in a pot. Roots are very fragile and sensitive, so disturb the plant at a minimum, when it completely stops being placed in the dishes. A pot too big is not needed, otherwise the flower will actively increase the green mass, and flowering will be postponed.
Watering and humidity
Despite the fact that it is a subtropical flower, the clivia is not particularly demanding on the humidity of the air. She calmly carries our typical apartments and does not need frequent spraying, you can do without it at all. It is sufficient to periodically wipe dense, leathery leaves with a damp sponge from accumulating dust.
But irrigation should be regular, in the summer months frequent and abundant, in winter (during rest) - moderate. If you are not sure whether the plant needs moisture, it is better to wait a while, a small drying of the soil surface in the pot is permissible. The main principle is not to harm, excess moisture and overflow can ruin a flower. Starting from spring, it is necessary to regularly make complex mineral and organic fertilizers (alternately) strictly in accordance with the instructions on the package.
As you can see, the cleavage care at home requires minimal, so it can be grown even by beginning florists.
Flowering and resting period
An evergreen plant with large leaves is already beautiful and has amazing decorative qualities. However, if you follow simple rules of care, then every year the cleavage will delight you with a bright, lush bloom. The main factor in this matter is the winter period of rest for the plant. It is necessary. Young specimens are enough for two months, and adults need 3-4. Initially, watering at the end of summer is reduced, and in September - October they stop completely and transfer the plant to a cool place. You can not water the flower until the end of the rest period. Water is needed in exceptional cases, if suddenly you notice that the leaves began to turn yellow or wilted. This requirement is the answer to the very common question of why the cleavage does not bloom.
Transfer of the plant to a warm room and watering begins when the flower tube rises by 10-15 cm. Do not rush and worry, everything is thought out by nature, otherwise you can damage and buds will simply stop in growth, and then fall off. After the end of flowering, you need to cut off the flower stem, otherwise it will pull the plants out of the force to form seeds, which in principle are not needed.
Reproduction of the cleavage can be carried out in two ways.
Used often, especially for new varieties. Buy a treasured bag can be in specialized stores, while always pay attention to the expiration date. Or you can get the seeds yourself, but for this you have to do pollination of flowers. For seeding, prepare a shallow box with a light nutrient ground. Spread the seeds evenly at a short distance from each other and moisten abundantly with an atomizer. Then the box must be placed in a bag of polyethylene or wrapped in a film and put in a warm place (minimum 18 ° C). As soon as a pair of real leaves appear, young plants can be planted in separate pots. Thus, for a year you will grow a new cliv. Care at home for seedlings is similar to that of adult specimens, except that in the first year the rest period is not recommended.
This option is only possible with older strong plants. If you notice that the children have offspring and wish to put them off, then let them grow to a height of about 15 cm and have their own roots. Only after this, when transplanting the mother plant, it will be possible to separate them (at this point they should have at least 4 leaves). At first, young offspring are watered very moderately, giving the soil a slight drying out. Transplant as needed. The cleavage multiplied in this way will bloom, as a rule, for the second year.
Diseases and pests
It is important to know that cleavage, home care is simple, but prone to certain diseases. And many of them appear as a result of non-observance of the temperature or water regime. Of the diseases of bacterial nature, rust is the most common. At the first signs of its appearance, treat the "Oxychrome" flower. Cleavia because of large, leathery and succulent leaves sometimes afflicted with scabs, which can be seen on brown spots. The first insects literally suck out all the juices from the plant. Getting rid of them can be very difficult, and they multiply rapidly, so it is better to immediately treat the flower with an insecticide.