The original meaning of the word cliche is a printing plate, with which it became possible to play back the same stamping many times. Over time, the figurative meaning of the term has spread more than the original, and now, the associative definition even there is another. From a neutral word has acquired a negative meaning and contemptuous emotional colouring. Phrase-cliche is one of the arguments for the criticism of a literary text. But not so simple, and it is necessary to consider the arguments both for and against the use of these expressions.
So, the cliche is defined as a template phrase. These are expressions that are mechanically reproduced in typical speech contexts. The term originated from the French cliché and had the meaning of a stencil, or standard. This description is still used in printing.
Cliché and stamps
A stamp is an expression similar in meaning to a cliché, which denotes all the same hackneyed phrase. Beaten in this case - too often used. And "too" here - often enough in order to lose expressiveness and sharpness. The lexical perception dims so much that the phrase becomes stereotyped.
Wounded can be words and phrases, and expressions, and whole sentences. Verbal stamps sometimes go in addition to the usual words, using certain epithets with which the whole phrase turns into a stereotypical one. Such a variety of them is called universal words. Their use is closely related to the generalization of meanings, they occur in everyday speech and become a habit. Here are their notorious examples: everyday work or ardent support.
Brightly coloured stamps come in a speech from journalism: they are more visible to the former expression, lost due to Isutoshi phrase. It's revenge, which, as usual, sweet, or planet, of course, blue.
The literary clichés, wiped to holes, have an even greater lost sense. This is the most harmful of all types: with a claim to uniqueness. Literary cliches are inadmissible in any other style, except for the artistic text, but in them they are similar only to annoying midges, which do not do any good, and only spoil the appearance and atmosphere. The use of cliches in literature is a sign of unprofessionalism and bad taste.
The use of cliches: for
Language cliches can include recognized lexical constructions, terminology, the specifics of style building. That is why their use as ready-made speech turns is welcomed in official documents, business style or scientific works. The candor attached to the cliché in examples like the ones cited above is only a plus that does not violate the harmony of monotony and colorlessness. With the help of them forms, reports and other documents are compiled - this simplifies its filling and control. Expressiveness is not a feature expected to be seen in serious matters.
Cliché for writing
Speech patterns can actually be of great help when writing essays for the exam. Built on the basis of their job for CSE has more opportunities to get a higher score than the unique structuring, the examiners expect to see formulaic answers, not creative. Plates for the essays arguments, for example, contain the known design for the beginning of sentences: in the introductory and concluding paragraphs, and the main part, which assumes the presence of argumentation. These patterns set the tone for the text, help to structure it and not lose the thread of the judgment.
Examples of such cliches are:
Use of clichés: against
Use of cliches is not recommended in fiction and it is desirable to temper their use in everyday speech. Despite the fact that in some sources the concept of the stamps are different, the scolding goes only to the first term and the second is called useful speech, and those and others are able to osadnicy it. Stamps are considered to be more hackneyed expressions than clichés. But the more time passes, razmytye become the boundaries between them.
Just as stamps are not able to develop speech, clichés can not diversify it. And exactly how those and others with their stereotyping interfere with the expression of their own thoughts. Cliché is a useful thing only when their use is motivated, and for this you must first learn how to do without them.