The original meaning of the word cliche is a printing plate, with which it became possible to play back the same stamping many times. Over time, the figurative meaning of the term has spread more than the original, and now, the associative definition even there is another. From a neutral word has acquired a negative meaning and contemptuous emotional colouring. Phrase-cliche is one of the arguments for the criticism of a literary text. But not so simple, and it is necessary to consider the arguments both for and against the use of these expressions.
So, cliche is defined as a template phrase. These are expressions that are mechanically reproduced in typical speech contexts. The term is derived from the French cliché and had the meaning of a stencil, or standard. This description is still used in the printing industry.
Cliches and stamps
A stamp is an expression that is similar in meaning to a cliché, which means all the same hackneyed phrase. Beaten in this case - too often used. And “too” here - often enough to lose expressiveness and sharpness. The lexical perception dims so much that the phrase becomes stereotypical.
Worn can be both words and phrases, and expressions, and whole sentences. Verbal stamps sometimes go in addition to the usual words, by using certain epithets with which the whole phrase becomes stereotypical. Such a variety of them is called universal words. Their use is closely connected with the generalization of meanings; they are found in everyday speech and become habit. Here are their well-known examples: everyday work or fiery support.
Brightly coloured stamps come in a speech from journalism: they are more visible to the former expression, lost due to Isutoshi phrase. It's revenge, which, as usual, sweet, or planet, of course, blue.
The literary clichés, worn down to holes, have an even greater acuteness. This is the most harmful of all types: with a claim to uniqueness. Literary cliches are unacceptable in any other style, except for the artistic text, but in them they are just like annoying midges, which do not bring any benefit, and only spoil the look and the atmosphere. The use of clichés in literature is a sign of incompetence and a bad form.
Use of cliches: for
Language cliches can include recognized lexical constructions, terminology, and the specifics of constructing a style. That is why their use as ready-made speech turns is welcomed in official documents, business style or scientific works. The integrity given by the cliché in examples similar to those given is only a plus, not violating the harmony of monotony and colorlessness. By means of them forms, the reporting and other documentation are made - it simplifies its filling and control. Expressiveness - not the feature that you expect to see in serious matters.
Cliche to compose
Speech patterns can actually be of great help when writing essays for the exam. Built on the basis of their job for CSE has more opportunities to get a higher score than the unique structuring, the examiners expect to see formulaic answers, not creative. Plates for the essays arguments, for example, contain the known design for the beginning of sentences: in the introductory and concluding paragraphs, and the main part, which assumes the presence of argumentation. These patterns set the tone for the text, help to structure it and not lose the thread of the judgment.
Examples of such cliches are:
The use of cliches: against
Use of cliches is not recommended in fiction and it is desirable to temper their use in everyday speech. Despite the fact that in some sources the concept of the stamps are different, the scolding goes only to the first term and the second is called useful speech, and those and others are able to osadnicy it. Stamps are considered to be more hackneyed expressions than clichés. But the more time passes, razmytye become the boundaries between them.
Just as stamps are not capable of developing speech, clichés are not capable of diversifying it. And exactly those and others with their stereotype prevent the expression of their own thoughts. Cliche is a useful thing only when their use is motivated, and for this you must first learn to do without them.