Chinese tea Tie Guan Yin - Oolong medium fermentation. This is a beautiful drink that has a rich taste, magical aroma and a memorable aftertaste. The peculiarity of this type of tea is the ability to brew it up to ten times, provided that the cooking regimen is observed and special dishes are used.
origin of name
A legend telling about the appearance of this magical plant says that a pious elderly peasant once lived in Anxi who daily performed the ritual of offering a cup with a tea drink to the goddess Guan Yin and kept order in her abandoned temple. One day Kuan Yin came to him in a dream and pointed to the place behind the temple where the treasure was located.The old man should have shared the wealth found with the people. The next morning the peasant found a tea-plant at the indicated place, which he dug out and transplanted into his own vegetable garden. When the old man prepared a drink from the leaves of this plant, he was captivated by the divine taste and aroma. The name of this tea was given in honor of the goddess - Tie Guan Yin.
How to brew this drink? Below will be given detailed instructions on the proper preparation of the infusion.
Description of Oolong Tie Guan Yin
Processed tea leaves take the form of small hard lumps of irregular shape. Color varies from dark green to pale emerald green with sandy shades. The Tie Guan Yin tees look shiny, heavy, have a curved shape, reddish veins and a barely noticeable white fluff. When brewing, the leaves are fully bloomed and give the drink the aroma of freshly blossoming lilacs, notes of melon, apricot, honey and orchids. From cup to cup, it will change, but it will remain thin, light, unobtrusive and multifaceted. The taste of tea is rich and consists of five elements. It simultaneously has bitterness, sweetness, spiciness, spiciness and a little salt. This combination consists of the uniqueness of oolong Tie Guan Yin. The aftertaste of the drink is fresh, bright, the presence of honey notes. It depends on the collection time of Tie Guan Yin tea leaves. How to brew it correctly will be described below.
Store ready oolong need at low temperatures. For sale, you must use vacuum packaging. This will preserve the taste and flavor of the collection, as well as its beneficial, inherent only Tie Guan Yin properties.
Rules for collecting tea leaves
Around the capital of the southern Chinese province of Fujian, Anxi, is the mountain plantation of tea Tie Guan Yin, whose properties are truly healing. The leaf of this plant is distinguished by fleshyness among its fellows, which makes it possible to prepare high-quality semi-fermented oolong. The collection of leaves is made in the period when they are already fully dissolved.
Tea Tie Guan Yin is divided into four categories depending on the time of its collection:
- spring (April-May);
- summer (June-July);
- collected in the season of "big heat" (August);
- autumn (September-October).
Sheets collected in spring and autumn are considered to be of higher quality. Spring drink has a more delicate and soft taste, and autumn - rich and tart.
The quality of the drink is influenced by the height of growth of the tea bush. The bigger it is, the better the tea will be. Soil and microclimate are also important.
For Tie Guan Yin, a mature and large leaf is collected. It is especially important not to damage the sheet during collection.
How Tie Guan Yin is Made
The leaf of this variety is dense and fleshy, which contributes to giving the unique taste of oolong. It is kept for five years in large jars of clay. Once a year, the sheet is heat-treated on coal. The duration of the process is thirty hours. This is exclusively handmade, which is controlled by a high-class master. At the exit, an amazing oolong of medium fermentation with tea leaves, which have an attractive sheen, is obtained.
The uniqueness of this tea is given with the help of a special technology, with the help of which the leaf is processed to the state of “red edge, green leaf”. This means that the fermentation is partial, mainly along the edge, which allows you to save a large amount of vitamins, creates the conditions for the appearance of essential oils and compounds, which later give the drink a unique taste and original flavor.
The content of nutrients in tea Tie Guan Yin
In China, this oolong tea is called a cure for a hundred diseases, because it contains a large amount of amino acids, vitamins, minerals and polyphenols, which are very useful for the human body. The main useful elements are as follows:
Healing properties of oolong
Due to the huge amount of nutrients, Tie Guan Yin helps to remove toxins from the body, helps to lose extra pounds, reduces the risk of cancer, improves the cardiovascular system. It also normalizes the function of the digestive system, and has a sedative effect on the gastric mucosa.This tea drink helps to speed up the process of recovery from colds and just warm up during the cold season. With regular use of the infusion, the pressure normalizes, the skin rejuvenates and renews, and the complexion improves.
Tie Guan Yin. How to brew?
In the homeland of this drink, the process of making an infusion is treated with particular trepidation. And this is justified. After all, in order to fully feel the taste and aroma of oolong and preserve all the useful substances, you need to know how to properly brew Tie Guan Yin.A prerequisite is the use of high-quality water and the presence of a set of special dishes, the main components of which are:
- chahe - a container that allows you to inhale the aroma of a dry tea leaf, to admire its appearance;
- kettle (gaiwan) - serves directly for brewing a drink, its volume is 150-200 milliliters;
- a kettle of "justice" - a vessel for pouring tea into cups;
- tea desk.
The following describes the sequence and how to brew Te Guan Yin tea:
- Bring water to a boil. To heat the dishes used in the ceremony, you need to rinse it with boiling water.
- To warm gaiwan. To do this, pour about half of the hot water into it, and after 15-20 seconds, pour it into the “justice” kettle, pour it into the cups from there, and pour it from the top onto the teapot to warm it outside.
- Pour into Gua Tie Guan Yin, enjoy its aroma and appearance, after pouring 7-8 grams of oolong in a warmed teapot. In a warm vessel, the leaf will slowly unfold and give off its flavor. In order to appreciate this magical smell, you need to shake the gaiwan a little and open the lid, inhaling this rich aroma.
- It is time to pour dry tea leaf with hot water at a temperature of 90-95 ° C. After 30 seconds, this first infusion should be poured into a kettle of “justice”, then poured into cups and again poured onto the gaiwan. The first brew is not necessary to drink, because it is designed to awaken the tea leaf and release it from tea dust and other contaminants.
- Pour hot water into the teapot again, leave for 45-50 seconds. Pour the resulting drink in a kettle of "justice", from there pour into cups and enjoy the initial, pronounced taste of Tie Guan Yin.
How to brew a drink in subsequent times? To act in the same way, only gradually increase the time of insisting.
This oolong can be brewed up to ten times. Moreover, each subsequent cup of the drink will differ from the previous one in taste and aroma.
Tie Guan Yin gives peace, harmony and relaxation. You can enjoy this magical drink either alone or in the company of friends. The Chinese believe that Tie Guan Yin is the most suitable for receiving guests, because after a cup of this drink in a person openness and kindness awakens.