Sometimes behind the knee, inside the joint capsule, there is a limited section that is filled with synovial fluid, thereby causing it to bulge in the form of swelling. The tumor is diagnosed as a "cyst Becker". It can be subtle but is always an obstacle to the bending of the legs, and if the disease is ignored, it can lead to pretty sad consequences. Therefore, the remainder of this article we will talk about what symptoms does a cyst Becker behind the knee how to treat this disease and how it can be dangerous to humans.
How does Becker's cyst manifest itself
People do not always suspect a named neoplasm, since in a third of patients it is almost asymptomatic. Signs of the fact that Becker's cyst develops on the leg below the knee are as follows:
- the appearance of pain and stiffness when moving in the popliteal region (the leg all the more difficult to bend)
- the occurrence of swelling in the popliteal fossa, reaching the size of a ping-pong ball;
- soreness often goes to the calf muscles;
- in addition, sensitivity disorders are found in the plantar part of the foot.
The clearest information is provided by ultrasound and MRI, which will allow to detect even a small neoplasm, while not showing itself.
What makes Becker's cyst appear
It should be clarified that Becker's cyst under the knee does not appear by itself. As a rule, its appearance is preceded by other pathological processes that are inflammatory or degenerative. These include excessive loads on the knee joint, injuries of cartilage tissue in case of knee damage, as well as arthritis, arthrosis, synovitis, osteoarthritis, etc.
Most often, a popliteal cyst can be found in people who have a history of knee injury or regularly expose it to increased stress. These include athletes, porters and other representatives of heavy physical labor.
Becker cyst in children
In medicine, quite often there are cases when Becker's cyst appears under the knee of a child. This is due to the fact that childhood is usually accompanied by multiple knee bruises, sprain and damage to the meniscus, which, as you already know, can trigger a cyst.
Noted that the most susceptible are children ages 4 to 7 years. Among other things, their happens self-treatment, so discovering the child has a cyst, the doctors do not hurry with final verdict, but prefer to observe how it will behave with the tumor, and then choose methods of treatment.
Consequences of the untreated Becker cyst
By itself, the cyst Becker, reviews about the treatment which we provide later in the article, is not a dangerous disease, but its complications can cause significant harm. These include:
- Rupture of the cyst. It can cause painful swelling of the back surface of the lower leg, redness and itching.
- Squeezing a cyst veins. This is very dangerous, as it causes poor circulation in the lower extremities and triggers the development of thrombophlebitis. The limb becomes swollen, gets a purple tint. And blood clots, in turn, entails the risk of stroke or even death as a result of their separation.
- The compression of the nerve bundles. This can lead to the disruption of the functioning of the limb and the formation of necrotic areas in the soft tissues that hard and long treated.
- The suppuration. It can affect the joint suppurative arthritis or osteomyelitis – severe inflammation that can lead to blood poisoning.
Therefore, if you suspect the development of a Becker cyst, you should immediately contact the specialists, without waiting for the grave and irreparable consequences.
Becker cyst under the knee: how to treat
A Becker cyst is usually treated in the Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics, but at the same time, more attention is paid not to the neoplasm itself, but to the disease that provoked its appearance. To get rid of a cyst, there are two methods - conservative therapy and surgery, which, if necessary, combine.
Drug treatment is used if the Becker cyst under the knee has a small volume and does not squeeze blood vessels and nerves. The patient is prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of tablets, injections and compresses. Such treatment most often does not contribute to the cure of the patient, and serves only as an auxiliary before surgery or after it.
Some rules that must be followed by a patient with a Becker cyst
But Becker's cyst under the knee often causes severe pain when moving, and sometimes at rest, and in order to relieve it, it is worth observing a few rules.
- The knee allowed to rest as often as possible. To do this, whenever possible, to sit down and avoid physical exertion, such as running, lifting weights, squatting, etc.
- While resting the leg should be lifted by placing it under the pillow so that it was at the level or above the hip.
- The cyst is to apply a compress with ice to relieve pain and slow its growth. The need to wrap ice in a towel and only then from 10 to 30 minutes to keep a sick place.
- The knee should be fixed with elastic bandage, paying attention to below the bandage was not formed swelling of the legs. The possibility of wearing such a bandage must be agreed with the doctor!
- After the treatment, the cyst will have to get rid of excess weight as the excess pounds each has a lot of stress on the knees and can cause a relapse.
Surgical treatment of cysts
Puncture of a cyst is also one of the methods of treatment: under anesthesia, fluid is pumped out of it using a special needle and hormonal anti-inflammatory agent is injected (Triamcinolone, Berlicort, Diprospan), which allows for tissue repair. But, unfortunately, if heavy physical exertion or injury is not excluded, this procedure will have to be repeated.
In situations where pathology begins to give complications, removal of a Becker cyst is indicated. For this, an incision is made under local anesthesia, through which the neoplasm is taken out, having previously tied it in several places. Recently, an arthroscope is used for this operation - a device that causes minimal damage to the joint and does not leave large scars behind it.
Should I see a doctor for a diagnosis of Becker's cyst?
Currently, more and more frequent are the cases in which it is very difficult to establish the main cause of the described disease. In addition, as already mentioned, Becker's cyst under the knee may not show symptoms for a long time, moreover, there are cases recorded in medicine when it was resolved on its own.
So, having found it on your leg, you decide maybe it is worth the wait? Not! In no case! As we already said, it is not the cyst itself that is dangerous, but the complications that it entails. Therefore, do not delay the trip to the doctor. Do not tell yourself that you must do it a little later. The thing is that complications come absolutely suddenly, and yesterday, the seemingly normal leg is today becoming a source of major problems. Do not play with fire and be healthy!