Probably all over the world there is no such person who does not know about football. The key element of the most popular team game is the football goal. Without this iron construction, both teams would not be able to please spectators with beautiful goals, and the game itself would lose its meaning. What is the size of a football goal according to the standard? Are the gates the same in all kinds of football? Now we will find out.
Football goal: sizes, standards
The football gate consists of two vertical racks, also called rods, which are connected on top by a horizontal crossbar. Their diameter in all sections is the same and is equal to 12 centimeters or 5 inches. What is the size of a football goal? The bars are mounted opposite each other for a length of 7.32 meters or 8 yards. The height of the crossbar from the ground is 2.44 meters or 8 feet. The shape of the gate resembles the letter "P", where the crossbar is much longer than the two bars. The entire construction of the football goal, as a rule, is made of metal and painted in white. When the soccer gate is installed, they are reliably installed on the ground. On the reverse side of the construction, a net is attached, which should not interfere with the goalkeeper.
A bit of history
For the first time the mention of the gate occurs in the English chronicle during the 16th century. Then the ball game was completely different from modern football. However, several centuries ago, the players designated a certain zone with the term "gate", and also tried to build a certain construction. Until 1875, over the side bars, the rope was stretched, after which it was decided to change it to the crossbar. At the beginning of 1891, in front of one of the fights in the English city of Nottingham, a net appeared behind the gate.
What are the sizes of the mini-football goal? Mini football appeared in Brazil around the 1920s. The impetus for development this version of great football was in the middle of the 20th century. Football players in mini-football play with a smaller ball, in which the rebound from the surface of the site is much smaller. This version differs from its large "congenial" not only by the size of the playing field, the duration of the times and rules, but also by the size of the gate. However, despite the fact that they are much smaller, as a rule, spectators during the match are witnessing a larger account. This is largely due to the tactics of the game, which is very different from football on the grass. Often, mini-football teams play "one-on-one", that is, every football player monitors the actions of a certain opponent in the opposing team.
Dimensions of the mini-football goal
Unlike big football, where the gate is securely installed in the ground, in mini football this design is fixed to the floor. The size of the football goal in this kind of game is this: the distance between the bars is 3 meters, and the height from the crossbar to the surface of the site is 2 meters. Gates in mini-football are equipped with a grid so that it does not cause inconvenience to the goalkeeper. Its purpose is to keep the ball at the gate. The diameter of both bars and the crossbar in mini-football is 8 cm.
Gates for children's football
Due to its availability, football is winning the hearts of boys all over the world. Unlike hockey, where equipment is available only for parents with a certain income, it is necessary to have only a ball. Often, children chase the ball in the yard, where the gates are some kind of fencing or installed thin tree trunks. However, unlike the standard children's football gate they cause a lot of inconvenience.
It is recommended to purchase gates for children's football, which are made of aluminum. This material greatly contributes to the fact that the boys will not be injured. At installation it is necessary to consider lightness of aluminum, therefore the gate needs to be securely fixed. To improve the durability of the structure, it is recommended to treat the surface with varnish or enamel, which will protect against corrosion.
Dimensions of children's football goal
What is the size of a children's football goal? Compared to the big professional football, where the size is 8 feet by 8 yards, the children's gate can not be so big. This is due not only to the size of the field on which the boys play, but also to their anthropometric data. In the children's game, unlike professional football, there are no strict standards and rules. What is the size of a football gate for children? As a rule, manufacturers for boys make gates of two types depending on their age: 3 by 2 meters or 5 by 2 meters. The diameter of the bars and crossbar is also much smaller.
It is interesting
In professional football, the gate for training purposes is divided into 2 zones, each of which in turn is divided into 9 equal squares. In total, 18 numbered zones with the number from 1 to 9 are obtained. Thanks to this division, it's easier for players to practice shots on goal. As a rule, ordinary fans know only about one zone - the "nine", thanks to sports commentators. This happens when the player hits the top right or left corner of the goal.
Due to the round shape of the bars, in some cases, after a twisted blow, the ball may bounce back. For example, the leather sphere, when crossing the goal line, returns to the field.
Gates in big football often lead to serious injuries to players. Especially such cases arise in jumping, when the head at high speed collides with the bar or crossbar. Some goalkeepers wear a special helmet to avoid injuries.
Due to the fact that the football goal is not properly secured, about 50 people die each year around the world.