Since ancient times, the Volga River was famous for its fish places. At least, this was the case until the mid-20th century, when the construction of a hydropower station, with the consequent deterioration of the ecological situation, led to a gradual reduction in the number of species inhabiting the river. However, there is still enough fish in the local waters that may be of interest to every fishing enthusiast. Let's find out what fish are found in the Volga? Photos of the inhabitants of the river will also look further.
The smallest and largest fish in the Volga
What fish are found in the Volga? The smallest fish in the river is the species known as the grainy tailpiece. Such fish grow to a maximum length of 2.5 cm. In appearance, these representatives of the local fauna are extremely similar to tadpoles.
As for the largest fish in the Volga, it is a beluga. This is a legendary fish that can live up to 100 years or more. During this time, some individuals reach a length of about 4 m and a weight of about 1.5 tons.
The largest predatory fish
What fish are found in the river Volga? One of the largest predators in the river is the European catfish. During the long years of life, some individuals acquire gigantic sizes - up to 5 m in length. After summer spawning, which occurs in soms in June, representatives of this species go to the so-called parking. Catfish are buried in the fossa, populate the pool, areas near steep banks, places where there is an abundance of koryazhnik. Of these shelters predator attacks sailing past victims.
Considering what fish live in the Volga, you should pay attention to the walleye. This is a typical predator, who belongs to the category of perch. Length walleye can reach about 1 m and a weight of 8 kg or more. On the Volga pikeperch usually sticks to the bottom. At the water surface of large individuals can be noticed only while hunting. Sudak is not lurking in ambush, like the soma, and moved across the habitat in search of victims.
Small predators such as the ruff and perch are widespread in the Volga. In standing backwaters there is the only representative of the kolyushkoobrazny discharge - the southern stickleback.
Exotic representatives of the local fauna
What fish are found in the Volga? Surprisingly, every year local fishermen fish out of the separate water areas of real piranhas. According to ichthyologists, such unusual fish are released into the Volga from aquariums. After all, for the growth and development of overseas predators need a constant abundant diet. Perhaps, having no means for keeping piranhas, aquarists also release such fish back to the natural environment.
It is worth noting that piranhas feel quite comfortable in the Volga. Although not every year they are caught.
Consider what fish live in the Volga, when you consider their commercial value. First of all this Golden and silver crucian carp. Some representatives of these species grow in the Volga river up to the length of 50 cm and have a weight of about 3 kg. Carp are unpretentious to environmental conditions. Therefore, it can be found in various water areas of the river.
Extremely common on the Volga fish is bream. Individual individuals are able to grow up to a weight of 2-3 kg. Small fry, weighing up to 500 g, are called by local fishermen as a podleschik because such fish look more like a booster than their larger counterparts. Bream is an extremely valuable commercial fish. In the Volga, it is caught in large quantities. Smoked and dried bream are especially good. Commercially made canned food from this fish.
Another valuable commercial fish is carp. This representative of cyprinids is widely distributed in the southern waters of the river. On the Volga carp is able to reach a length of up to 1 m and a mass of 30 kg. The meat of this fish is much tastier when caught in natural conditions, compared with the meat of individuals grown in artificial ponds. Commercially, from the carp, as well as from the bream, make all kinds of canned food.