The Volga River has been famous for its fishing places since ancient times. At least, it was until the middle of the 20th century, when the construction of a hydroelectric power station, with the subsequent deterioration of the ecological situation, led to a gradual reduction in the number of species inhabiting the river. However, in the local waters there are still enough fish, which can interest every amateur fishing. Let's find out what kind of fish are found in the Volga? Photo of the inhabitants of the river will also be considered further.
The smallest and largest fish in the Volga
What fish are found in the Volga? The smallest fish in the river is a species known as the granular head. Such fish grow to a maximum of 2.5 cm in length. In appearance, these representatives of the local fauna are very similar to tadpoles.
As for the largest fish in the Volga, it is the beluga. It is a legendary fish that can live up to 100 years or more. During this time, some individuals reach a length of about 4 m and a weight of about 1.5 tons.
The largest predatory fish
What fish are found in the Volga River? One of the largest predators in the river is the European catfish. Over the long years of life, some individuals acquire giant sizes - up to 5 m in length. After summer spawning, which occurs in soms in June, representatives of this species go to the so-called parking lots. Soma is buried in holes, populate pools, sites at steep banks, places where there is an abundance of buckwheat. From such hiding places, the predator attacks on passing victims.
Considering what fish live in the Volga, you should pay attention to the walleye. This is a typical predator, who belongs to the category of perch. Length walleye can reach about 1 m and a weight of 8 kg or more. On the Volga pikeperch usually sticks to the bottom. At the water surface of large individuals can be noticed only while hunting. Sudak is not lurking in ambush, like the soma, and moved across the habitat in search of victims.
Widespread in the Volga are small predators, such as the ruff, perch. In standing plants, the only representative of the category of sticklebacks is the southern stickleback.
Exotic representatives of the local fauna
What fish are found in the Volga? Surprisingly, every year local fishermen take real piranhas from separate water areas. According to the assumptions of ichthyologists, such unusual fish are released into the Volga from aquariums. Indeed, for growth and development, overseas predators need constant abundant nutrition. Perhaps without having the means to keep the piranhas, the aquarists let go of such fish back into the natural environment.
It is worth noting that the piranhas feel quite comfortable in the Volga. Although every year they are caught not so much.
Consider what fish live in the Volga, when you consider their commercial value. First of all this Golden and silver crucian carp. Some representatives of these species grow in the Volga river up to the length of 50 cm and have a weight of about 3 kg. Carp are unpretentious to environmental conditions. Therefore, it can be found in various water areas of the river.
The fish, widely spread on the Volga, is bream. Individual individuals are able to grow here to a weight of 2-3 kg. Small bream, which weighs up to 500 grams, local fishermen are called podleschikom, because these fish are more like a gusher, rather than on their larger brethren. Bream is an extremely valuable commercial fish. In the Volga it is caught in large quantities. Smoked and dried bream are especially good. On an industrial scale, canned food is made from this fish.
Another valuable commercial fish is carp. This carp representative is widely distributed in the southern waters of the river. On the Volga, the carp is able to reach a length of up to 1 m and a mass of 30 kg. The meat of this fish is much more delicious when caught in natural conditions, in comparison with the meat of individuals grown in artificial reservoirs. On an industrial scale, of all kinds of canned goods, from carp, as well as from bream.