Tariffs for electricity are growing every day. People began to think more and more often about questions of economy. Modern industry and science did not stand aside. So, on sale there were at first energy saving lamps, and after them and light-emitting diode. But since the market is full of different options in different price categories, people are confused and do not know which light bulb is better - LED or energy-saving. We will try in the article to compare the two technologies and consider the advantages and disadvantages of each.
About fluorescent lamps
Compact fluorescent products are distinguished by the curved shape of the bulb. Thanks to this design, the light bulb is easy to place even in small lighting fixtures. Its flask contains inert gases. This can be argon, neon and mercury vapor, and inside the body of the luminescent part is covered with a layer of phosphor.
If you act on such a device with a high voltage, then the electrons begin to move in it. At the moment of collision of the latter with mercury, ultraviolet radiation is invisible to the eye. It is then transformed into visible light due to the phosphor layer.
The fluorescent lamp consists of three elements:
- electric ballast;
These types of energy-saving light bulbs for the home can be arranged in a different way. It all depends on the variety.
Variety of fluorescent lamp shapes: linear
Luminescent products can be circular, straight or have a U-shape. For example, a straight line with two plinths resembles a glass tube. At the ends of this tube there are special glass legs on which the electrodes are fixed. On the inner surface of the glass tube there is a phosphor layer.
Such economical light bulbs for home can differ in their diameter and length, the width of the socle. The longer and thicker the tube, the more energy a light bulb consumes. Most often, these products are used in everyday life, in office buildings, at various production facilities. Now compact fluorescent light bulbs are widely distributed. Their "linear" relative is their ancestor and gradually leaves the market of lighting devices.
Compact energy-saving fluorescent lamps
In the domestic market of light sources, often imported products are offered.
Widely distributed are such trade marks as "General Electric", "Philips", "Osram" and others. All products differ among themselves depending on specific features. Many of these companies also produce LED lamps. If there is a difficulty in how to choose an LED light bulb for a house, it is better to buy something popular. Below we will consider their classification.
Classification of luminescent products
There are lamps in the first place on the plinth:
- The base of the 2D is used for devices that are designed for decorative lighting and for use in shower rooms.
- G23 is suitable for both bathrooms and showers.
- 2G7 is used in industrial as well as household appliances.
- The E27 base is a lamp for ordinary cartridges. Such models are widely distributed in the market.
- E14 is used with a small cartridge, and E40 is used with a large cartridge.
Electric light bulbs for the house with plinths for ordinary and small chuck are as simple as possible in the installation. The numbers correspond to the thread diameter. The service life of such products from different manufacturers is from 4 to 16 thousand working hours.
The industry produces them with an open tube and a diffuser. By the diameter of the bulb, the bulbs can be from 7 to 17 mm. And its shape can be U-shaped with three, four, or six showers.
In addition to the described, lamps are produced in the form of a spiral. Spiral products have slightly smaller geometric dimensions than U-shaped ones. But in terms of power indicators, they are equivalent. Appearance and shape does not affect the functionality of the lighting device. As for the cost, the spiral lamp will cost more, since the technology of their production is more expensive and laborious.
Advantages of fluorescent lamps
The described products make it possible to significantly (up to 80%) reduce the cost of electricity. In this case, the light flux will remain the same as that of a traditional incandescent lamp.
Another plus is a long service life. The product will burn effectively up to 15 thousand hours. This is 6-14 times more than the service life of the incandescent lamp and allows them to be installed in hard-to-reach places to avoid frequent replacement. An energy saving lamp can have a different color temperature. The colors of the light flux also differ:
- 2700 K is a warm white light.
- 4300 K - daily.
- 6500 K - a cold white glow.
The main advantage of these products is the small amount of energy necessary for operation. For example, an LED component with a power of only 10 W is capable of delivering the same amount of light that a 60 W incandescent lamp gives.
The second advantage is the service life. Various manufacturers claim about 30-50 thousand hours. This is approximately 20 years of operation. Another significant plus is that the LED light source does not heat up during operation, and therefore completely eliminates the risk of fire. Also with them you can conduct the most daring experiments in interior design. The bases of LED lamps are universal, and they can be used in any type of fixtures and chandeliers.
Another significant advantage is the absence of harmful substances in the housing and high environmental friendliness. The glow of the LED light bulb does not burden the eyes. And the only significant drawback is the price. Although the cost of LED parts is only two times higher than ordinary fluorescent. But, despite the cost, these are the best light bulbs for the house.
Types of LED products
They differ in design, as well as depending on what scope they are intended for. Distinguish household Led-lamps, LED products for highlighting interior details, details for use in architectural objects and in landscape design.
There are explosion-proof, street lamps, industrial floodlights. If you analyze all the advantages of LED products, you can not even think about which light bulb is better - LED and energy-saving. With all the advantages of energy-saving still loses its LED cousin. The choice is obvious - this is a significant saving of money.
LED or luminescent: comparison
The market offers LED light bulbs and energy saving lamps. Comparing them shows that both options are quite economical and have a long service life. However, if we consider in more detail the main technical characteristics, the LED lamp largely benefits from energy-saving lamps.
The relatively high cost will pay off with the years. In the problems of organizing lighting in an apartment, especially if the volumes are sufficiently large, only LEDs are used because of their service life, economy, variety of forms, high environmental friendliness. Energy-saving is not suitable for installation in a suspended ceiling. She is very hot. Stretch ceilings can also melt.
If you think about which light bulb is better - LED or energy-saving, - the first ones are more suitable for all rooms in the apartment, and the latter - for kitchens and corridors.
Features of the choice of LED products
The market is full of products from foreign brands, domestic and Chinese manufacturers.
Therefore, many people have certain difficulties in choosing. And they do not know exactly how to choose a LED light bulb for the home. This should be done based on the purpose of lighting, various technical requirements, as well as the type and area of the room. After all the points are taken into account, choose the type of lamp and its appearance.
You can choose from the cost, shape, required power. And of course, it is better to buy an expensive lamp from a well-known brand. This is reliability and long years of service.
Which lamp is better?
To find out which light bulb is better - LED or energy-saving, - pay attention to environmental friendliness. Energy-saving products are excellent for non-residential premises. These lamps contain toxic mercury in the case, so do not use them to illuminate the housing. LED, on the contrary, is ideal for living quarters, not heated and completely ecological.
So, answering the question, which bulb is better - LED or energy-saving, - experts recommend using diode products.
All this is fine, but practice at times overturns the theory. A concrete example, and luminescent lamps do not like frequent inclusions and therefore in the general corridor (three apartments) where the lamp burns without turning off round the clock installed exactly this, but it burned much faster than what was before it, the usual incandescence. I just thought it was not quality bought another so it burned even faster. Screw again the usual, it burns more than one year. LEDs burn long, but their cost eats all the energy savings. Therefore, not everything is so simple, with the fact that the lamps are mostly Chinese.
Vladimir January 23, 2017, 4:50
now the LEDs are not so expensive. In fact, the last time I bought 150 rubles. Again, of course, depending on what to compare. If you honestly put the LEDs for one reason. Chandeliers hang with weak socles and they can not be screwed in bulbs above 40. Burn. A 40 gives inadequate lighting. Luminescence burns very quickly. it is unprofitable to buy them, how many of them I know of quality did not come across neither from expensive nor from deshovyh
Alice Mikhailovna Ruslan Dolgopolov January 22, 2017, 12:21
Max January 21, 2017, 16:29
And you compare the light flux from all three kinds of bulbs and then everything will fall into place. This is simply done with the help of the light sensor in the phone. And the articles are written for money!
i copied from the textbooks and is happy.
Energy-saving lamps are thrown out to landfills and pollute our country with mercury.
LED - this is the future. But the temperature regime is very important for the service life of LED lamps. Good lamps, and even more so the projectors should have a high-quality cooling.
Here on this topic the study would not stop. Which manufacturers of lamps are more reliable
Alice Mikhailovna Vadim Sirazhev January 22, 2017, 12:24