Electricity tariffs are growing every day. People increasingly began to think about issues of economy. Modern industry and science are not left out. Thus, energy-saving lamps first appeared on the market, followed by LED ones. But since the market is full of different options in different price categories, people are confused and do not know which light bulb is better - LED or energy saving. We will try to compare the two technologies in the article and consider the advantages and disadvantages of each.
About fluorescent lamps
Compact fluorescent products have a curved bulb shape. Thanks to this design, the bulb is easily placed even in small lighting devices. Her flask contains inert gases. It can be argon, neon and mercury vapor, and inside the body of the luminescent part is covered with a layer of phosphor.
If a high voltage is applied to such a device, then electrons begin to move in it. At the time of the collision of the latter with mercury, ultraviolet radiation is invisible to the eye. It is then transformed into visible light by a phosphor layer.
The fluorescent lamp consists of three elements:
- electric control gear;
These types of energy-saving light bulbs for the home can be arranged differently. It all depends on the variety.
Variety of fluorescent tube shapes: linear
Fluorescent products can be circular, straight or have a U-shape. For example, a straight line with two bases resembles a tube made of glass. At the ends of this tube there are special glass legs on which electrodes are fixed. On the inner surface of the glass tube there is a phosphor layer.
Such economical light bulbs for the home can differ in their diameter and length, the width of the base. The longer and thicker the tube, the more energy a light bulb consumes. Most often, these products are used in everyday life, in office premises, at various production facilities. Compact fluorescent bulbs are now widely distributed. Their “linear” relative is their ancestor and gradually leaves the market of lighting fixtures.
Compact energy saving fluorescent lamps
In the domestic market of light sources, often imported products are offered.
Trademarks such as General Electric, Philips, Osram and others are widespread. All products differ according to their specific features. Many of these companies also produce LED lamps. If there are difficulties in how to choose an LED light bulb for the house, it is better to buy something popular. Below we consider their classification.
Classification of fluorescent products
Distinguish the lamp first on the base:
- Cap 2D is used for devices that are designed for decorative lighting and for use in showers.
- G23 is suitable for both bathrooms and shower rooms.
- 2G7 is used in industrial as well as household appliances.
- The base of the E27 is a lamp for ordinary cartridges. Such models are widely distributed in the market.
- E14 is used with a small cartridge, and E40 - with a large one.
Light bulbs for the house with caps under the usual and small cartridge as easy to install. The numbers correspond to the diameter of the thread. The service life of such products from different manufacturers ranges from 4 to 16 thousand working hours.
The industry produces them with an open tube and a diffuser. The bulb diameter can be from 7 to 17 mm. And its form can be U-shaped with three, four, or six souls.
In addition to the above, produced lamps in the form of a spiral. Spiral products have slightly smaller geometric dimensions than U-shaped ones. But in terms of power, they are equivalent. The appearance and shape do not affect the functionality of the lighting device. As for the cost, the spiral lamp will cost more, since the technology of their production is more expensive and time consuming.
Advantages of fluorescent lamps
The described products make it possible to significantly (up to 80%) reduce the cost of electricity. In this case, the luminous flux will remain the same as that of a traditional incandescent lamp.
Another plus is a long service life. The product will effectively burn up to 15 thousand hours. This is 6-14 times longer than the life of the incandescent lamp and allows you to install them in hard-to-reach places to avoid frequent replacement. The energy saving lamp can have different color temperature. The colors of the light flux also differ:
- 2700 K is a warm white light.
- 4300 K - day time.
- 6500 K - cold white glow.
The main advantage of these products is a small amount of energy required for work. Thus, the LED part with a power of only 10 watts is able to produce the same amount of light that a incandescent lamp with a power of 60 watts gives.
The second advantage is durability. Various manufacturers claim about 30-50 thousand hours. This is about 20 years of operation. Another significant plus is that the LED light source does not heat up during operation, which means it will completely eliminate the risk of fire. Also with them you can conduct the most daring experiments in interior design. LED lamp bases are universal, and they can be used in any type of lamps and chandeliers.
Another significant advantage - the absence of harmful substances in the body and high environmental friendliness. The luminescence of a LED-bulb does not strain eyes. And the only major drawback is the price. Although the cost of LED parts is only two times higher than ordinary fluorescent. But, despite the cost, these are the best bulbs for the home.
Types of LED products
They differ in design, and also depending on what sphere of use they are intended for. Distinguish household Led-lamps, LED products for lighting interior details, parts for use in architectural objects and landscape design.
There are explosion-proof, street lamps, industrial spotlights. If you analyze all the advantages of LED products, you can not even think about which light bulb is better - LED and energy saving. With all the advantages, energy saving still loses its LED relative. The choice is obvious - this is a significant money saving.
LED or fluorescent: comparison
The market offers LED and energy saving bulbs. Comparing them shows that both options are quite economical and have a long service life. However, if we take a closer look at the main technical characteristics, the LED lamp in many respects outperforms energy saving ones.
The relatively high cost will pay off over the years. In the tasks of the organization of lighting in the apartment, especially if the volumes are large enough, only LEDs are used because of the durability, efficiency, variety of forms, high environmental friendliness. Energy-saving is not suitable for installation in a suspended ceiling. She is very hot. Stretch ceilings can also melt.
If you think about which light bulb is better - LED or energy saving, then the first ones are more suitable for all the rooms in the apartment, and the second ones - for kitchens and corridors.
Features of the choice of LED products
The market is full of products from foreign brands, domestic and Chinese manufacturers.
Therefore, many people have certain difficulties in choosing. And they do not know exactly how to choose an LED light bulb for the house. This should be done on the basis of the purpose of lighting, various technical requirements, as well as the type and area of the room. After all points are taken into account, choose the type of lamp and its appearance.
You can choose by cost, form, required power. And of course, it is better to buy an expensive lamp from a famous brand. It is reliability and many years of service.
Which lamp is better?
To find out which light is better - LED or energy saving - pay attention to environmental friendliness. Energy-saving products are great for non-residential premises. These lamps contain poisonous mercury in the housing, so you should not use them to illuminate housing. LED, on the contrary, are ideal for residential premises, are not heated and are completely environmentally friendly.
So, answering the question, which light bulb is better - LED or energy saving - experts recommend using diode products.
All this is fine, but practice sometimes overthrows theory. A specific example, but luminescent lamps do not like frequent switching on and therefore into the common corridor (into three apartments) where the lamp burns without turning off around the clock, it installed one, but it burned much faster than the one before it, the usual glow plug. I thought it was just not a quality bought another so it burned out even faster. I screwed again the usual one, it has been burning for more than one year. LED burn for a long time, but their cost eats up all the savings on electricity. Therefore, not everything is so simple, despite the fact that the lamps are mostly Chinese.
Vladimir January 23, 2017, 4:50
now LEDs are not that expensive. In fact, the last time I bought 150r. Again, of course, looking to compare. To be honest LEDs put for only one reason. The chandeliers hang with weak lights and you can’t plug in bulbs above 40 in them. A 40 gives insufficient coverage. Lumissenki burn very quickly. it is expensive to buy them, how many of them I know of quality did not come across either from expensive or from cheap
Alice Mikhailovna Ruslan Dolgopolov January 22, 2017, 12:21
Max January 21, 2017, 16:29
And you compare the luminous flux from all three types of light bulbs and then everything will fall into place. This is easy to do with the help of a light sensor in the phone. And articles are written for money!
copied from textbooks and satisfied.
Energy-saving lamps are dumped in landfills and pollute our country with mercury.
LED is the future. But it is very important for the life of LED lamps temperature mode. Good lamps, and even more so spotlights should have a high-quality cooling.
Here on this topic the study would not hurt. Which lamp manufacturers are safer
Alice Mikhailovna Vadim Sirazhev January 22, 2017, 12:24