It is only natural that the bee's uterus is the main insect in any hive. However, in practice, often enough, there is a situation where the uterus is barren, and you need to take some action to solve this problem.
How many queens can be?
In a normal family, only one womb lives, which is engaged in laying eggs and is the mother of all the bees in the family. Fetal uterus can be laid fertile eggs, from which subsequently develop the uterus and worker bees, as well as unfertilized eggs, from which drones will develop.
How much are they deduced?
For those who do not know how many days the uterus of the bee is excreted: this process is carried out for 16-17 days from a fertilized egg. About a week after the queen comes out of the mother liquor, she reaches puberty, so she flies out of the hive to meet the drones, mating with them in flight. Two or three days after fertilization, the uterus will lay eggs on the bottom of each cell honeycomb, while it should be noted that before laying, she always looks in the cell and checks how well it was cleaned by bees. If the cell is too dirty or spoiled, then the egg will not be put off.
In the process of one masonry, a good uterus may post about 2500 eggs or more per day, while approximately 160,000 may be delayed during the whole season.
How do they live?
After the queen mates with the drones, she no longer flies out of the hive, that is, is in it throughout her life. Only in the swarm time the uterus can leave the hive along with its swarm. In normal families, the old uterus is often sent from the beginning with the first swarm, while young barren uteri are already leaving the second and third digs.
The uterus has a sting, but it uses it only if it fights with another uterus, that is, it does not sting a person. In the absence of the uterus, the bee family can not normally exist and develop, as a result of which it completely dies out within 2-3 months.
What are their advantages?
The fetal uterus of the bee has a huge number of advantages over the barren in the process of creating the layers, and in particular, it is worth highlighting the following:
- they are immediately engaged in work after planting;
- there is no risk of their death in the process of a marriage flight;
- bees in the family take them much easier.
In order for the bee to obtain a fetal uterus of the bee or even a few, they must have specialized nuclei at the right time and in the right amount. When using a nucleus for the production of barren fetuses, the total number of unsuccessful layers is significantly reduced.
Nucleus is a small hive, which is populated only by a small bee family, necessary for the bee's uterus to be in normal conditions and kept at all times. Basically, the mother catches down there or the barren uterus. For those who do not know what the bee queen looks like in the case of fertilization, it will be possible to determine its presence by the bee brood, and also by the appearance of seeding. In the event that the queen does not fly, eventually the brood will be drone. The fetal uterus of the bee (photo No. 1) is selected and subsequently used for its intended use. Among other things, nucleuses can also be used to store spare queens.
What are they like?
There are several variants of cores in which the queen bee colonizes (photo # 2):
By the number of families one, two, and multi-family nucleuses are distinguished.
The removal of the uterus of the bee in cores to the full frame has recently become quite widespread in insignificant apiaries, on which up to 50 families are housed. Such nucleuses are mainly formed by distributing a standard hive into several compartments using blind baffles. It should be noted that all measures are being taken to completely isolate families, and this simple method requires this. The output of the queen bee can be optimally carried out if each compartment has a ceiling that provides a good isolation for each family, and the flaps should be located in different directions. The walls of each compartment on the outside can be painted in different colors.
How to use it?
Some people do not know what the bee queen looks like (Photo # 1), not to mention how to use nucleuses of various types. It is worth noting that this is a fairly common problem among beginning beekeepers, which prevents them from initially achieving effective development of families.
Each branch of the nucleus should be populated by a small family with honey, perga, brood, and, if necessary, wax or land. Such a family, if given due attention, will be able to survive for quite a long time, while it will provide itself with food and live in the winter.
How long does the uterus live?
It is worth noting that many do not know how much the queen bee lives. In fact, despite the fact that the uterus lives 5-6 years, it should not be kept for more than three years, because at this time it lays a large number of eggs. After the uterus exceeds two years of age, she early finishes in autumn and starts it later in the spring, and also significantly increases the laying of unfertilized eggs with drones, which is extremely unprofitable for the farm.
In addition, if during the first month of life the uterus does not mate with the drones, it completely loses its ability to mate and then begins to lay down exclusively unfertilized eggs.
How do you get dysfunctional uterus?
After the nucleus has been thoroughly colonized by the brood with the bees, and also by the feeding frames, it will be possible to plant the queens. The success of this procedure will depend on a number of very different conditions, the main of which can be named the following:
- the more young bees are present in the layer, the better the uterus will be taken;
- the optimal time for planting is 12 or 24 hours after the creation of this layer;
- bees can more peaceably accept queens in the evening, because they do not bother with anything during this period;
- if there is no bribe, then in that case the family should be fed a syrup the day before planting;
- in the process of landing, one should completely avoid a large amount of smoke, any awkward movements and everything else that can serve as an irritant to bees;
- bees take the uterus badly enough if the family has been without a uterus for more than three days;
- if the family appears bee-processing or a fistula, then in this case the uterus will not be accepted at all.
All this is worth considering if you decide to implement this simple method. The withdrawal of the bee's uterus (photo # 4) should be carried out in the most positive conditions, if you want to achieve the correct result.
Population in a cell
This option involves planting the uterus simultaneously with the bees, when the first is placed in the so-called cell of Titov. After 24 hours, the nucleus is carefully inspected. If the bees will sit peacefully and at the same time feed the uterus, you can safely let out of the cell. To do this, it is quite enough simply to open the latch of the stern compartment of the cage and, with the help of a knife, to make a small through hole in the candy. Subsequently, bees eat out the candy on their own, so that the uterus is released.
If the bees constantly run around the cage and try to kill the uterus, then you need to determine why this situation arose, then eliminate the causes, and leave the uterus for another 24 hours.
If you need to exchange the fetus for barren, then in the afternoon the fetal uterus is placed in a cage and left until the evening in the nucleus. After that, in the evening, the fetus is completely removed from the cell, and in the future is already used for its intended purpose, while a barren uterus is placed in its place, and the cell returns to the nucleus. Only after observing such precautions will it be possible to release a barren uterus in the evening of the next day.
Through the summer
This variant of landing also gives good results, but several important conditions must be observed:
- the operation should be conducted only in the evening, when the years are completely terminated;
- before the muzzle is released from the cell, it is necessary to lubricate the hands abundantly with honey;
- the uterus must be pre-lubricated with honey beforehand so that it can not move quickly.
Using this technology, you will be able to ensure the reception of queens, even in those families in which there are already queen bees or bees.
This technology provides all the precautions that were indicated for barren uterus. It is highly discouraged to give the family some mature motherhood from which the uterus can go out within the next 24 hours, because in this situation it may happen that the bees immediately kill this uterus.
Dacha bees are distinguished by a number of advantages. In particular, it should be noted that the beekeeper in this case will not need to take any special precautions when it is necessary to leave the uterus from the mother liquor, and also significantly reduces the risk of uterine death during the marriage game.
How to care for the nucleus?
Nuclei must necessarily be inspected approximately one or two days after the final formation of the family. In the event that bees do not sit around all the frames, it will be necessary to add to the family of still young bees, because with their lack of brood brood, the mating of the queens will be greatly delayed and, consequently, the laying of eggs will be delayed. In each nucleus there must always be a brood that will protect the family from bee gathering and rastering. The presence of food has a direct effect on the carrying capacity of the family nucleus, and if there is no food, it will be necessary to give bees a frame with syrup or honey. It is worth noting that if a syrup is used, it can be poured directly into the honeycomb from the kettle. To exclude cases of theft, fertilizing is given only in the evening.
The strength, as well as the age of the bees, greatly affects how the uterus will be taken and developed. The bees must be young in order for the uterus to flow normally, because in a strong family the flight and the beginning of the masonry are more likely. It often happens that after mating and returning to a weak family, the uterus lays the masonry for a month or more. If the same uterus is transferred to a stronger family, seeding can already appear in a day.