It is natural that the fetal bee's uterus is the main insect in any hive. However, in practice, quite often there is a situation when the uterus is infertile, and you need to take some action to solve this problem.
How many queens can there be?
In a normal family of bees, only one queen lives, which is engaged in laying eggs and is the mother of all bees in the family. In the fetal uterus, fertilized eggs may be laid, from which later the uterus and worker bees develop, as well as unfertilized eggs from which the drones will develop.
How much are they displayed?
For those who do not know how many days the queen bee hatch: this process is carried out for 16-17 days from a fertilized egg. About a week after the uterus leaves the queen cell, it reaches puberty, as a result of which it flies out of the hive in order to meet the drones, mating with them in flight. Two or three days after fertilization, the uterus will lay an egg on the bottom of each cell of the honeycomb, while it is worth noting that before laying it always looks at the cell and checks how well it was cleaned by bees. If the cell is too dirty or damaged, then the egg will not be laid in it.
In the course of one laying, a good uterus can lay approximately 2500 eggs or more per day, while throughout the whole season approximately 160 thousand can be laid.
How do they live?
After the uterus has paired with the drone, it no longer flies out of the hive, that is, remains in it throughout its entire life. Only in swarm time can the uterus leave the hive with its swarm. In normal families, the old uterus is often initially sent out with the first swarm, while with the second and third swarm the young barren wombs already leave.
The uterus has a sting, but it uses it exclusively if it fights with another uterus, that is, it does not sting a human. In the absence of the uterus, the bee family cannot normally exist and develop, as a result of which it dies completely within 2-3 months.
What are their advantages?
The fetal uterus of the bee has a huge number of advantages over the barren in the process of creating the layering, and, in particular, the following should be highlighted:
- they are immediately included in the work after landing;
- there is no risk of their death in the process of marital flight;
- bees in the family take them much easier.
In order for the bee's uterus or even several to be obtained in the apiary, it is necessary to have specialized cores at the right time and in the right amount. When using the nucleus to produce fetal fetuses from the barren uterus, the total number of unsuccessful cuttings is significantly reduced.
The nucleus is a small hive, which is populated by an exceptionally small bee colony, necessary for the bee's uterus to be in normal conditions and permanently kept. Basically, the mother liquor or the barren uterus sits there. For those who do not know what the bee's uterus looks like in case of fertilization, it will be possible to determine its presence by bee brood, as well as by the appearance of seeding. In the event that the uterus does not fly around, in the end the brood will be a drone. The fetal uterus of the bee (photo No. 1) is selected and subsequently used for its intended purpose. In addition, nucleuses can also be used to store spare queens.
What are they like?
There are several variants of nuclei in which the bee's uterus is colonized (photo No. 2):
By the number of families, single, double, and multi-family nuclei are distinguished.
The removal of the bee's uterus in the nuclei to the full frame has recently become quite widespread in small-sized apiaries that host up to 50 families. Such nuclei are mainly formed by distributing a standard hive into several compartments with the help of deaf partitions. It should be noted that all measures are taken in order to completely isolate families, and this is required by this simple method. The withdrawal of the queen bee can be optimally carried out if each compartment has a ceiling that provides good insulation for each family, and the tap holes should be in different directions. The walls of each compartment on the outside can be painted in different colors.
How to use it?
Some people do not know what the uterus of the bee looks like (photo №1), not to mention how to use nuclei of various types. It is worth noting that this is a fairly frequent problem among novice beekeepers, which prevents them from initially achieving effective development of families.
Each branch of the nucleus should be inhabited by a small family with honey, perga, brood, and, if necessary, honeycomb or dried. Such a family, if given due attention to it, will be able to exist for a sufficiently long time, while at the same time it will provide itself with food and live in the winter.
How much does the uterus live?
It is worth noting that many do not know how much the queen bee lives. In fact, despite the fact that the uterus lives 5-6 years, it should be kept for no more than three years, because at this time it lays a large number of eggs. After the uterus exceeds two years of age, it ends up laying early in the fall and starts later in spring, and also significantly increases the laying of unfertilized eggs with drones, which is extremely disadvantageous for the household.
In addition, if the uterus does not mate with the drone during its first month of life, it completely loses its ability to mate and then begins to lay exclusively unfertilized eggs.
How do barren wombs sit?
After the nucleus is thoroughly populated with brood with bees, as well as the stern framework, it will be possible to plant the queens. The success of this procedure will depend on a number of very different conditions, the main of which include the following:
- the more young bees are present in the layering, the better the uterus will be taken;
- the most optimal for planting is the period 12 or 24 hours after the creation of this layer;
- the bees can more peacefully accept queens in the evening, because nothing bothers them during this period;
- if there are no bribes, then in this case, the squireless family should be fed with syrup the day before planting;
- in the process of planting, a large amount of smoke, any awkward movements and everything else that can be an irritant for the bees should be completely avoided;
- the bees take the uterus badly enough if the family has been without a uterus for more than three days;
- if a tinder bee or a fistula mother comes into the family, then the uterus will not be accepted at all.
All this is worth considering if you decide to implement this simple method. The withdrawal of the uterus of the bee (photo №4) should be carried out in the most positive conditions, if you want to achieve the correct result.
Settling in the cell
This option provides for the landing of the uterus at the same time as the bees, when the first one is placed in the so-called Titov cell. After 24 hours, the nucleus is carefully inspected. If the bees will sit peacefully and at the same time feed the uterus, it will be possible to safely release from the cell. To do this, it is quite enough to simply open the cage compartment latch and use a knife to make a small through hole in the candi. Subsequently, the bees eat Kandy on their own so that the uterus is freed.
If the bees are constantly running around the cage and trying to kill the uterus, then you need to determine why this situation arose, then eliminate the causes, and leave the uterus for another 24 hours.
If it is necessary to exchange the fetal uterus for the barren, then in that case during the day the fetal uterus is placed in the cell and left until the evening in the nucleus. After that, in the evening, the fetal uterus is completely withdrawn from the cell, and later it is already used for its intended purpose, while the barren uterus is placed in its place, and the cell returns to the nucleus. Only after taking such precautions will it be possible to release the barren uterus in the evening of the next day.
This option of landing also gives good results, but you need to follow some very important conditions:
- the operation should be carried out only in the evening, when the summer is completely stopped;
- before the womb is released from the cage, it should be abundantly lubricate the hands with honey;
- the uterus must necessarily be pre-lubricated with honey so that it cannot move quickly.
Using this technology, you can ensure the reception of queens, even in those families in which already at the moment there are queen bees or tinder bees.
This technology provides all the precautions that have been indicated for barren queens. It is not recommended to give the family any mature queen cell from which the queen can emerge over the next 24 hours, because in this situation it may happen that the bees immediately kill this queen.
Cottage bees has a number of advantages. In particular, it is worth noting that in this case the beekeeper will not need to take any special precautions when it comes to leaving the uterus from the queens, and the risk of death of the uterus during the marriage game is significantly reduced.
How to care for the nucleus?
Nuclei must be inspected approximately one or two days after the final formation of the family. In the event that the bees do not dry out all the frames, it will be necessary to add still young bees to the family, because with their deficiency the brood may stop, mating of the queens will be greatly delayed and, consequently, the laying of eggs will linger. Each nucleus should always contain brood that will protect the family from the gathering of bees and rasterization. The presence of feed has a direct impact on the throughput of the family nucleus, and if there is no feed, it will be necessary to give the bees a frame with syrup or honey. It is worth noting that if syrup is used, it can be poured directly into the honeycomb from the kettle. To exclude cases of theft, fertilizing is given only in the evening.
The strength as well as the age of the bees greatly influence how the uterus will be received and developed. The bees must be young in order for the reception of the uterus to proceed normally, because in a strong family the departure and the beginning of the clutch are more likely. It is often the case that after mating and returning to a weak family, the uterus delays clutch for a month or even more. If the same uterus is transferred to a stronger family, the sowing may already appear in a day.