Recently, LED lamps have become very popular among consumers. They are not only preferred to simple incandescent lamps, but also installed in place of energy-saving ones. But in order to organize the right lighting at home, you need to competently approach the issue of how to choose an LED lamp. Here it is necessary to consider several mandatory conditions. The production of these lighting devices deals with many companies, both Russian and foreign. But the risk of acquiring a poor-quality product with insufficient knowledge of the manufacturing company is high, as there are many fakes on the market. What is noteworthy for these light sources, how to choose a good LED lamp and which manufacturers of LED light fixtures to give preference, we will consider in this article.
Determined with power
This is the first criterion by which, as a rule, consumers choose a lighting device. On how much Watt the light source is calculated, its economy will depend. It consists of the power consumption of the built-in LEDs and the driver.
How to choose an LED lamp for power? To do this, it is necessary to divide this indicator of the previously used incandescent lamp by 5. That is, if a 75W light source was previously used, a replacement for the current version will require only a 15W LED light.
But it's not enough just to choose the power. LED lamps for the house are selected and in accordance with the voltage. In modern apartments, as a rule, two versions of lighting devices are used, at 12 and 220 V. The first option is most often used in rooms with high humidity or when arranging light in stretch ceilings. But do not think that such lamps will consume less electricity, and install them throughout the apartment.
If earlier when choosing incandescent lamps, first of all they looked at the power consumption, then buying LED-lamps, it is necessary to pay attention to the light flux initially, i.e. brightness. This characteristic is measured in Lumens. The main advantage of these lamps is a powerful light flux with low power consumption. How to choose a bright LED lamp? For this purpose, it is possible to match the incandescent lamps and LED fixtures.
Table of the ratio of the light flux.
If you plan to install a light source with a matt flask, it is worth considering the fact that it loses up to 30% of the luminous flux.
What color temperature should I choose?
Its measurement is in degrees Kelvin. The lower the value, the yellow light emitted by the lamp. Over many years of using incandescent lamps, which have an indicator of 2,700-3,500 K, consumers are accustomed to warm light. And in many respects guided by this habit, choosing LED lamps for the house. How to choose the right color temperature? Experts recommend installing LED-lighting, depending on the purpose of the room. Cool white, with an indicator of 6000-6400 K resembles natural daylight, it is rather unusual to see it in the evening. At the same time it is perfect, for example, for a corridor. For use in living rooms, bedrooms and children's most comfortable for human perception will be warm white and neutral colors of 3000-5000 K.
Type of socle
It depends on the lighting device, in which the LED lamps for the house will be installed. How to choose the appropriate type? The most common are E27 and E14, they are used in most modern chandeliers, sconces, nightlights.
For point light fixtures in furniture and ceiling structures, the base is usually GU4, GU5.3, GU10. Such lamps are designed for a voltage of 12 V. If there is any doubt about the correct selection of the required type of socle, it is better to go to the store with an old copy of the lamp.
Operating temperature range
If there is a question on how to choose an LED lamp for an apartment, then this indicator can be ignored. But if it is planned to install lighting in a different room with certain conditions, it is worth considering the operating conditions. For example, for outdoor lighting, the product must withstand a low temperature of -35-40 0 C. For a bath or sauna it is better to choose a temperature range of at least 100 0 С.
A quality lamp should have a radiator
This is a protective device that is designed to remove high temperatures from the LED unit. It should be made in the form of an aluminum finned surface. Unfair producers to reduce the cost of their products replace this metal with plastic. For a quality product, this is unacceptable. Because the plastic tap is not able to cope with the functions assigned to it. On this occasion, a lot of negative feedback from people who have had the opportunity to test lighting fixtures with a plastic radiator.
Therefore, those who are thinking how to choose the right LED lamp, it is worth paying attention to this detail of the design. The cooling radiator is extremely important for the normal and durable operation of the lamp. If the manufacturer has saved on the material or the protective device has bad contact with the LED, the lamp will not work out its life and will fail in half a year of use.
Then how to choose a LED lamp with a matte bulb? In this case, it is not possible to look at the presence of a radiator and the material from which it is made. Therefore, if possible, it is better to refuse to purchase such a lighting device.
Coefficient of pulsations
This is also an important condition that qualitative LED lamps for home have. How to choose a good option? It is not possible to estimate this indicator with the naked eye. But if the lamp pulsates strongly, it affects the rapid fatigue and on the nervous system of a person who has been in a room with such sanctification for a long time. Ripple indicates a low-quality rectifier in the power supply unit.
Not all manufacturers indicate the ripple factor, in this case how to choose an LED lamp? You can check it yourself, even before you buy. To do this, you should point the mobile phone camera to the lamp on, if the image is blinking, it is better to refuse to buy such a product.
Depending on the materials from which the lighting device is manufactured, the service life is about 30,000 hours on average. From this calculation, the service life of quality products is about 5 years. But cheap Chinese counterfeits will fail after a few months of work. Therefore, it is better to pay once for a quality product than to buy new lamps every six months.
Degree of protection
Such products have several degrees of protection against humidity and dust. Which LED lamps to choose, also depends on the purpose of the room. The degree of protection of the shell is denoted by "IP" and two digits. The first designates the class of protection against dust, and the second - from moisture.
Appearance of the package
A conscientious producer will necessarily indicate the following information on the packaging of his lighting products:
- type of cap;
- light flow;
- color temperature;
- color rendering ratio;
- information about the manufacturer;
- warranty period of work;
- degree of protection;
As you can see, many answers to the question of how to choose an LED lamp can be found on the packaging.
A good LED lamp should not be cheap. It can not be about 50, 100 or 200 rubles. Such a price can only testify that low and low-quality materials were used for production. Of course, to give several hundred rubles at a time for a light bulb is not easy. But if you recall the energy efficiency and long-term work for which this product is designed, the doubts fall away by themselves.
Which manufacturer to choose?
Of course, from the company that produces LED lamps, all of the above characteristics also largely depend. Today they are produced by both foreign and Russian companies. Undoubtedly, the leaders are such brands as PHILIPS, PAULMANN, OSRAM, BIOLEDEX. Also a lot of good reviews of consumers about MAXUS, suitable for those wishing to purchase relatively high-quality lighting products, at not inflated prices. For those who choose Russian manufacturers, it is worth looking at the products from Svetlana-Optoelectronics and Optogan (Optogan).
Scope of application
It is fair to say that similar devices are used not only for standard lighting of different kinds of premises. A wide application in recent years has been purchased by LED lamps for plants. How to choose the right option? They should emit light of the blue and reddish spectrum. For lighting ordinary rooms, it is excluded, since it distorts objects and negatively affects the eyesight, but this is what plants consume.
Today, LED lamps for the home are very popular among consumers as lighting devices. How to choose the right option and not miscalculate with the manufacturer? In general, the choice of a particular model depends on what is planned to cover and what preferences the buyer has.
First, it is necessary to determine the light flux, it depends on the purpose of the room and its area.
Secondly, you need to determine the desired color temperature. Here it is worth remembering that even the warm light of a lamp is not a guarantee that there is no undesirable blue spectrum in it. But such a light is still much preferable to the eyes, than a cold one. The blue spectrum is filtered only in those lamps on which the manufacturer has indicated it. If there is no such mark, then there is no filter.
Thirdly, depending on the lamp, in which the lamp will be inserted, the type of the socle is chosen.
Fourth, do not neglect the means of protection: the range of operating temperatures (for special rooms), the availability of a quality cooling radiator.
Fifthly, it is not worth chasing cheapness and choosing unknown producers. The most popular brands, according to consumers' reviews: PHILIPS, PAULMANN, OSRAM, BIOLEDEX. Accordingly, such manufacturers can be trusted. It is better to pay for a good product and be sure of its quality.
In any case, all the characteristics of the lamp are indicated on the package, and only having studied them, you can choose the most optimal option for yourself.