Recently, LED lamps have become very popular among consumers. They are not only preferred to simple incandescent lamps, but also put energy-efficient ones in place. But in order to organize the right lighting at home, you need to correctly approach the question of how to choose an LED lamp. Here it is necessary to take into account several prerequisites. The production of these lighting fixtures is engaged in many firms, both Russian and foreign. But the risk of buying low-quality goods with a lack of awareness of the manufacturer is high, because there are many fakes on the market. What is remarkable about these light sources, how to choose a good LED lamp and which manufacturers of LED-lamps to give preference, consider in this article.
The main advantages
We determine the power
This is the first criterion by which, as a rule, consumers choose a lighting device. On how many watts the light source is designed for, its efficiency will depend. It consists of the power consumption of the built-in LEDs and the driver.
How to choose a LED lamp for power? To do this, it is necessary to divide this indicator of the previously used incandescent lamp by 5. That is, If a 75W light source was used before, then replacing it with a modern version will require only a 15W LED-lamp.
But it is not enough to choose power. LED lamps for the home are selected and in accordance with the voltage. In modern apartments, as a rule, two versions of lighting devices are used, 12 and 220 V. The first option is most often used in rooms with high humidity or when organizing light in suspended ceilings. But do not think that such lamps will consume less electricity, and install them throughout the apartment.
If earlier when choosing an incandescent lamp, first of all, we looked at the power consumption, then when buying LED-lamps, initially it is necessary to pay attention to the luminous flux, i.e. brightness. This characteristic is measured in Lumens. The main advantage of the considered lamps is a powerful luminous flux with low power consumption. How to choose a bright LED lamp? To do this, you can match the incandescent bulbs and LED lamps.
Table of the ratio of the luminous flux.
If you plan to install a light source with a matte bulb, you should consider the fact that it loses up to 30% of the power of the light flux.
What color temperature to choose?
Its measurement is made in degrees Kelvin. The smaller the indicator, the yellower the light emitted by the lamp. For many years of using incandescent bulbs, which have an indicator of 2,700-3,500 K, consumers have become accustomed to warm light. And in many respects are guided by this habit, choosing LED lamps for the house. How to choose the right color temperature? Experts recommend installing LED-lamps, depending on the purpose of the room. Cool white, with an indicator of 6000-6400 K, resembles natural daylight, it is rather unusual to see it in the evening. At the same time, it is perfect, for example, for the corridor. For use in living rooms, bedrooms and children’s rooms, the most comfortable for perception will be warm white and neutral colors of 3000-5000 K.
Depends on the lighting device, which will be installed LED lamps for the home. How to choose the appropriate type? The most common ones are E27 and E14, they are used in most modern chandeliers, sconces, night lamps.
For spotlights in furniture and ceiling structures most often need a base GU4, GU5.3, GU10. Such lamps are designed for a voltage of 12 V. If there is any doubt about the correct selection of the required type of base, it is better to go to the store with the old copy of the lamp.
Operating temperature range
If there is a question about how to choose an LED lamp for an apartment, then this indicator can be ignored. But if you plan to install lighting in a different room with certain conditions, you should consider the operating conditions. For example, for outdoor lighting, the product must withstand a low temperature of -35-40 ° C. For a bath or sauna, it is better to choose a working temperature range not lower than 100 ° C.
A quality lamp should have a radiator.
This is a protective device that is designed to divert high temperatures from the block of LEDs. It should be made in the form of an aluminum ribbed surface. Unscrupulous manufacturers to reduce the cost of their products replace this metal with plastic. For a quality product, this is unacceptable. Since the plastic tap is not able to cope with the functions assigned to it. On this occasion, a lot of negative reviews from people who had the opportunity to test the lighting with a plastic radiator.
Therefore, those who are thinking how to choose the right LED lamp should pay attention to this part of the design. The cooling radiator is extremely important for normal and durable lamp operation. If the manufacturer has saved on the material or the protective device has poor contact with the LED, the lamp does not expire and fails after six months of use.
Then how to choose a LED bulb with a matte bulb? In this case, it is not possible to look at the presence of a radiator and the material from which it was produced. Therefore, if there is an opportunity, it is better to refuse to purchase such a lighting device.
This is also an important condition, which have high-quality LED lamps for the home. How to choose a good option? It is not possible to estimate this indicator with the naked eye. But if the lamp is very pulsating, it affects the quick fatigue and the nervous system of a person who has been in a room with such sanctification for a long time. Pulsation indicates a low-quality rectifier in the power supply unit of the device.
Not all manufacturers indicate a ripple factor, in this case how to choose an LED lamp? You can check it yourself, even before purchase. To do this, point the camera of the mobile phone at the switched on lamp, if the image flashes, then it is better to refuse to purchase such a product.
Depending on the materials from which the lighting device is made, the service life is on average about 30,000 working hours. From this calculation, the service life of quality products is about 5 years. But cheap Chinese fakes will fail in just a few months of work. Therefore, it is better to pay once for a quality product than to buy new lamps every six months.
Degree of protection
For such products there are several degrees of protection against moisture and dust. Which LED lamps to choose also depends on the purpose of the room. The degree of protection of the shell is denoted by “IP” and two digits. The first indicates the class of protection against dust, and the second - from moisture.
Appearance of packaging
The bona fide manufacturer will indicate the following information on the packaging of its lighting products:
- type of base;
- light flow;
- color temperature;
- color rendering ratio;
- information about the manufacturer;
- warranty period of work;
- degree of protection;
As you can see, many answers to the question of how to choose an LED lamp can be found on the packaging.
A good LED lamp should not be cheap. It can not go about 50, 100 or 200 rubles. Such a price can only indicate that cheap and low-quality materials were used for production. Of course, it’s psychologically difficult to pay several hundred rubles for one light bulb at once. But if you think about energy efficiency and long-term work, which is designed for this product, doubts disappear by themselves.
Which manufacturer to choose?
Of course, all of the above characteristics depend on the company that produces LED lamps. Today, they are issued by both foreign and Russian companies. Undoubtedly, the leaders are such brands as PHILIPS, PAULMANN, OSRAM, BIOLEDEX. Also, many good reviews of consumers about MAXUS, suitable for those who want to buy a relatively high-quality lighting products, at not inflated prices. For those who choose Russian manufacturers, you should look at the products from Svetlana-Optoelectronics and Optogan (Optogan).
Scope of application
It is fair to say that such devices are used not only for standard lighting of various kinds of premises. LED lamps for plants have recently become widely used. How to choose the appropriate option? They should emit light blue and reddish spectrum. It is excluded for illumination of ordinary rooms, since it distorts objects and negatively affects the vision, but this is what plants consume.
Today, LED lamps for the home are very popular as consumers. How to choose the appropriate option and do not lose with the manufacturer? Basically, the choice of a particular model depends on what you plan to cover and what preferences the buyer has.
First, it is necessary to determine the luminous flux, it depends on the purpose of the room and its area.
Secondly, it is necessary to determine the desired color temperature. Here it is worth remembering that even the warm light of a lamp is not a guarantee that it lacks an undesirable blue spectrum. But such light is still much more preferable to the eyes than cold. The blue spectrum is filtered only in those lamps on the packaging of which the manufacturer indicated this. If there is no such mark, then there is no filter.
Thirdly, depending on the luminaire into which the lamp will be inserted, the type of basement is selected.
Fourthly, do not neglect the means of protection: the operating temperature range (for special rooms), the presence of high-quality radiator cooling.
Fifth, you should not chase for cheap and choose unknown manufacturers. The most popular brands, according to consumer reviews: PHILIPS, PAULMANN, OSRAM, BIOLEDEX. Accordingly, such manufacturers can be trusted. It is better to pay for a good product and be confident in its quality.
In any case, all the characteristics of the lamp are indicated on the package, and only having studied them, you can choose the most optimal variant for yourself.