Indoor flowers, like all living things, have a growth time and a rest period. These periods should be taken into account. Not respecting the rules, you can greatly harm your pets. About how to take care of plants in the room, so that they delight in their beauty, this article will be discussed. Especially it will be useful for beginners in the cultivation of flowers.
Care of houseplants, basic rules
- Heat. The temperature regime is an important rule for a healthy flower. Correctly chosen temperature is a pledge of a healthy and strong plant. Which in time will please the abundant flowering or beautiful foliage. There are heat-loving and cold-resistant plants, this must be taken into account when buying.
- Shine. The light regime plays an important role in the growth of indoor flowers. Before acquiring a plant, it is necessary to establish exactly which side of the house or apartment the windows are facing. If you place a photophilous flower on a northern window where there is little light, it will simply wither. And the shade-tolerant on the southern window will get burned leaves and may completely die. In winter, artificial lighting is used for some plants.
- Watering. Another important factor in the main rules is how to take care of indoor plants. With the correct watering home flowers will please the emerald and lush foliage, abundant and long flowering. It is with water that plants receive all the necessary nutrients for life, growth and reproduction.
Observing these simple tips, you can find an approach to any flower, and unpretentious, and capricious. Among the abundance of indoor flowers it is worth paying attention to the thick-skinned, or money tree, unpretentious to watering, light and air temperature. Ideal for a beginner florist.
Money tree (houseplant): how to care
Tolstyanka, redsula, or more familiar money tree, belongs to the family of the Tolstoyans, the genus succulent. It has about 350 varieties, from dwarfs a few centimeters to huge trees.
Homeland - South Africa. And this suggests that the plant is very unpretentious, for the right care the florist will be presented with a lush crown of fleshy leaves and small white flowers.
The basic rules of care for a money tree
Temperature: The plant perfectly adapts to temperature changes in the apartment. In winter, it suffers from the dryness of the air from the batteries, cold from the windows, it easily tolerates heat in the summer, and in the fall - dampness and lack of sunlight.
In summer it is necessary to take out the rosula on the balcony, loggia, veranda or garden. Changes in temperature during the day have a favorable effect on the growth of a fatty woman. It hardens, grows fleshy leaves, acquires strong immunity.
In winter, the money tree prefers a cool temperature, +7. 12 degrees. It is advisable not to put it near the battery. From hot air, the plant sheds leaves. In addition, they grow smaller, losing their attractiveness.
Watering. in winter time to minimize. Water once in 10 days. If redsula remains to spend the winter on a warm balcony, watering is stopped altogether. If you do not comply with this rule, the stem and roots will rot, which will lead to the death of the whole plant.
In summer, water as the soil dries. After drying the top layer, you can wait another 4-5 days and then water it. Tolstyanka has the property of accumulating moisture in the fleshy leaves, so it is absolutely not terrible for her to be naked.
Shine. loves light, but not direct sunlight. From the bright sun leaves get burns, they appear brown spots. In summer, the plant should be shaded with curtains or rearranged into a small shade.
Although the fat-haired man tolerates with a lack of light, he still prefers light and spacious windows. This rule should be observed at any time of the year. From lack of light, the money tree stretches out, loses the splendor of the crown.
Zamiokulkas, a dollar tree (houseplant): how to care
Another representative of Africa is zamiokulkas, or a dollar tree. It is an evergreen and perennial plant of the family of aroids. The flower growers like it for their beautiful fleshy leaves and unpretentiousness. Care of the plant is very simple, if you follow these simple rules, the question of how to care for indoor plants, it will seem very easy.
The basic rules of care for a dollar tree
Temperature. preferably +20. +25. In winter, cool air prefers: +15. +17. In summer it grows well in the fresh air. But they can not stand drafts, they can get sick.
Watering. summer and spring are moderate, every 10 days. Ensure that the soil in the pot dries all over. Otherwise, the roots rot, and the plant can die. In winter, watering is minimized. It is enough to water the plant once a month, you can periodically spray it.
Shine. He prefers diffuse lighting, but not dark. In order for the dollar tree to grow strong and beautiful, it needs a bright room, but you must avoid getting sunlight. They leave burns on the leaves.
And this blooming handsome man can only be grown by experienced florists. The flower is bright, festive, striking with a riot of colors and malachite greens. In order for the cyclamen to rejoice in the winter with its flowering, special conditions are required.
What care is required for tuberous indoor plants (cyclamen)? How to take care that in winter they will enjoy their magnificent and so short flowering?
Temperature. the main parameter of a healthy plant. In winter, the daytime temperature is +13. +15, at night +5. +10. Such swings provide flowering within a month. At a higher temperature, the flower ceases to bloom. Can generally lose the foliage, "deciding" that it's time for a rest.
Do not tolerate stuffy rooms and stale air. Therefore, you should often ventilate the room, but avoid drafts. Cyclamen does not like them.
Watering: the flower is demanding to careful watering. Do not pour water into the middle of the outlet. Water, falling on a tuber, leads to its decay. Pour strictly on the edge of the pot, making sure that the top layer of the soil dries well.
Summer watering cut, but not completely stop. The plant continues to grow and build up the root system. In order not to be mistaken with watering in the summer, one should pay attention to the condition of the leaf. Once the leaves lose their elasticity, it is necessary to water the plant abundantly.
To hardness of water cyclamen undemanding. The main thing is that the water is stationary and has a temperature 1-2 degrees below room temperature. In winter it is good to spray the flower, but before the appearance of flowers. Buds do not tolerate such manipulations. They instantly fall off, and if they stay, the flowers will be in brown spots.
Shine. bright, but diffused. Cyclamen feels well on the eastern and western windows. In summer, the plant should be shaded from sunlight. Cyclamen is a flower of a short day, does not need lightening.
Following all of the above, knowing how to properly care for indoor plants, a beginner in indoor floriculture will avoid many mistakes and troubles.
Children and flowers
A small child is very sensitive to the surrounding nature. He will gladly water, loosen and spray the flower. The main thing is to know how to take care of indoor plants. Children need to explain in detail and explain what a roomman likes.
A good idea is to give a child a flower he likes, he will only belong to him. And the kid will care for his pet with awe and with great love.
A young plant will grow with its small host. An invisible connection appears between them. The child becomes more responsible, he understands that without his attention a fragile plant will simply perish.
A plant, feeling the care of a small master, begins to grow actively, pleasing the surrounding lush greenery. And if it is a flowering plant, it will please the baby and his parents with abundant and beautiful flowering.
The connection between the child and his houseplant will last for many years. And this relationship has a beneficial effect on the baby and, of course, on his favorite flower. The main thing is to choose the right plant for the baby.
Here are all the simple rules of how to take care of indoor plants.