Despite the fact that aquariums are not in short supply, and specialty store you can pick up the tank for every taste, the question of how to make DIY aquarium asked more often than you can imagine.
The reasons of design of the aquarium with their hands
If you want to learn how to make an aquarium with your own hands, this manual will be useful for you. It may be, if:
- You like to make interesting crafts and create workshops.
- The ratio of price and quality of finished products you are not satisfied.
- You want to make money on designing exclusive aquariums.
If you have decided that an aquarium you need, and is going to do, start with a design capacity of small volume. So in case of failure, the flaws will be corrected easier, and means you spend less.
Stages of production
So, let's figure out how to make a DIY aquarium. As with any occupation, work with the Assembly of the aquarium with their hands begins with the selection of materials and tools. Let us examine in more detail step by step.
Step 1. Selection of glass
There is a special scale to determine the quality of the glass, in which glass layers are given a rating from 1 to 8 (class M1 – M8). The higher the score, the better the glass. Glass below the category M3 for aquarium is not suitable.
To design suitable and conventional window glass, to choose special material makes no sense. The fish will feel good in the aquarium from ordinary glass. The thickness of the material is calculated according to special tables, depending on the volume of future products. After that, parameters are selected by a special formula: V= a*b*h, where a – width, b – length, h – height.
Glass strips located on the sides and performing the role of reinforcing structures, are called ribs of the aquarium. The thickness with the wall equal to the internal length of the container, and the width does not exceed 5 cm.
If the length of the tank exceeds half a meter, the ribs are supported by special ties. Their width is 3-5 cm.
Step 2. Glass cutting
Cutting the glass yourself is not recommended, especially if you lack experience with brittle materials. You can easily damage it. It is better to seek the assistance of a glazier, which accurately and quickly perform cutting glass on the agreed-upon parameters.
Step 3. The choice of adhesive
Silicone glue to assemble the aquarium is ideal. As long as it meets the requirements of:
- Was wholly sealant.
- Suitable for gluing the parts in contact with water.
- Matched the colour of the glass.
If you are a newcomer in assembling aquariums, it is better to choose a colourless sealant. It will help to hide errors, which may emerge in the process.
Step 4. Assembly of the tank
To raise capacity in the unit, you will need this equipment:
- soft sharpening stone
- the syringe (20 cubes)
- a degreasing composition.
Getting started, remember that the tank can be glued in two ways: on the wall or the bottom wall around the bottom.
Before gluing the edges of the glass elements have to whittle down with a grinding stone, if such processing would not yield. To do this, prepare the bathroom: type water (its level should not exceed 15 cm), put on the bottom towel. Then lower the glass into the water and gently grind down the edges. After finishing work, dry the glass, let dry and apply a degreasing agent.
After processing the details of the future of the aquarium, prepare a working surface where you will be gluing the glass elements. To do this, cover the table or any other flat horizontal plane of the paper. Prepare the syringe with the sealant, putting on his cap and apply glue to the edge part of the front wall, which will continue to be in contact with the bottom of the aquarium.
Important! Be careful as the adhesive composition placed on the surface. If it will be spread unevenly about the integrity of the tank will be forgotten.
After applying the sealant, attach the aquarium to the bottom and slightly press it. Where were the glue, wipe not in a hurry.
Take the marginalia, cover those edges are edges that are in contact with adjacent walls and bottom, and set it in place and lightly pressed.
Important! Ensure that the joints had no gaps. Avoid bevels. Any error can lead to irreparable error, and the design will be ruined.
Follow the same procedure with the remaining walls and build the capacity together.
Collecting design, don't touch it until the glue dries. This time generally is a day. If necessary, glue the ribs, covering them for the entire length of the sealer and leave the tank to dry for another 24 hours.
At the end of the Assembly and complete drying of the aquarium can trim glue residue, got out from under the seams. For such purposes suitable conventional razor blade. To adjust the welds only on the outside.
Now you know how to make a DIY aquarium and will easily cope with this task.
Step 5. The elimination of blemishes
If the Bay water in the aquarium, you notice that the tank is leaking, do not despair. Depending on the location of the leak capacity shortcomings you can try to resolve.
If the tank is leaking in the corner, try to cover leaking area. To do this, squeeze a bit of glue and paper over the leak with your finger directly under the water. In that case, if this trick failed, it is better to cut the seam, clean it from the glue and collect the failed part of the aquarium again by the scheme described above.
Occurs when the seam of the aquarium appropriate cut the location of the leak sealant and fill the hole part again. If it does not, disassemble the wall and glue them back together again.
Sometimes within the seam formed small bubbles. In this case, observe how the sealant reacts to moisture. If the glue is water tight – remodel if no changes are observed – leave the design alone.
Adhering to the above recommendations, you will be able to collect aquarium with your hands. The main thing – do not be discouraged if something will not work. Even experienced professionals often leaves to create the absolute perfect tank for keeping the fish.
Additional fixture to the aquarium
To deal with the question of how to make a DIY aquarium, little. A simple glass "box" will look out of place, and the fish in such a capacity is unlikely to catch on. Besides the tank, you need to make the lid, filter, siphon, decorations.
Options purchase filters for aquarium many, but not all of them quality. If this device fails, fishes do not live long. At a time when the water purifier is broken, and the new for some reason you can't buy, knowledge about how to make a filter for the aquarium with your hands, you will absolutely need. The solution to this issue requires particular vigilance, because the filter is an important element due to which the aquarium is supported by a special microclimate. To make external filter for aquarium with your own hands, you can even from a plastic bottle. You can easily gather the design of a plastic bottle, a tube and a makeshift cleaner.
Cut the top of the bottle neck and slip into the plastic tube. As a holder for the filter, use a regular suction Cup. As the filter element use the hard part of the sponge, mesh or microfiber, – insert it into the bottle. The bottom of the filter cover with mesh and secure with rubber band, that fish there not swim. Having done these simple steps, you will get a functional cleaner for the aquarium.
The aquarium is incomplete without the upper wall, so we can figure out how to make a cover for the aquarium with your hands. The easiest way to do the top part, cut out of foam. This is a simple and budget option of designing a removable cover for the reservoir. All that you have to do is cut out any size rectangle out of foam and attach it in the correct location.
Siphon – a special device that saturates the water with oxygen. This is necessary to maintain the required level of oxygen in the water and create an optimal climate suitable for the existence of the fish in the water. The life of the fish in the tank without a siphon is impossible, so how to make a siphon for aquarium with your own hands at home – the acute problems. Such a device is easy: for this you will need a plastic bottle and tube.
Also popular design siphon of ordinary medicine dropper. The photo illustrates the principle of operation of the structure.
Decorations for aquarium
Aquarium without the decorative elements will look unnatural. The fishes need to create a comfortable, stress conditions. If you love to dream, create your underwater world in the aquarium. Make a castle out of shells, driftwood, decorate the tank with algae. How to make driftwood for an aquarium? Your hands can pick up a nice branch or driftwood and place it inside the tank. It can be a dry tree, which you can turn into a real garden inside the aquarium, and was decorated with artificial pebbles, shells, seaweed or flowers. As decorations you can use moss. The bottom is better to decorate with sand, pebbles or small shells.
If you can't create a natural atmosphere in the aquarium,or you want to visually expand the space, you will help the background. To understand how to make background for aquarium with your own hands, it is enough to use our advice: draw the background colors, immersed in their imagination, or stick to the back wall of the aquarium picture with the depths of the sea. It will look more natural.
Creating a beautiful design background, you can decorate the back wall with artificial stone, and you will definitely be the most extravagant aquarium for fish.