Despite the fact that aquariums are not a deficit, and in a specialized store you can pick up a tank for every taste, the question of how to make an aquarium with your own hands is asked more often than one can imagine.
The reasons for the need to construct an aquarium with their own hands
If you want to learn how to make an aquarium with your own hands at home, this instruction will come in handy. This can be if:
- You like to make interesting crafts and create master classes.
- Value for money and quality of finished products do not suit you.
- You want to earn money by designing exclusive aquariums.
If you decide that the aquarium you need, and are going to do it, start with the construction of a small capacity tank. So in case of failure, the flaws will be easier to fix, and you will spend less.
Stages of production
So, let's figure out how to make an aquarium with your own hands. As with any lesson, work with the assembly of the aquarium with your own hands begins with the selection of materials and tools. Let's go into more detail in stages.
Step 1. Selecting Glass
There is a special scale for determining the quality of glass, according to which the glass layers are estimated from 1 to 8 (grade M1-M8). The higher the score, the better the glass. Glass below the M3 category for the aquarium is not suitable.
For the construction of suitable and customary display glass, choose a special material does not make sense. Fish will feel great and in the aquarium from simple glass. The thickness of the material is calculated according to the special tables, depending on the volume of the future product. After that, the parameters are chosen according to a special formula: V = a * b * h, where, a is the width, b is the length, and h is the height.
Glass strips, located on the sides and performing the role of a strengthening structure, are called the ribs of the aquarium's stiffness. Their thickness in the sum with the walls is equal to the internal length of the container, and the width does not exceed 5 cm.
If the length of the aquarium exceeds one and a half meters, the stiffeners are supported by special screeds. Their width is 3-5 cm.
Step 2. Cutting Glass
Cutting glass by yourself is highly discouraged, especially if you have insufficient experience with fragile materials. You can easily damage it. It is better to ask for help to the glazier, who accurately and quickly accomplishes the cutting of the glass according to the parameters agreed with you.
Step 3. Selection of glue
Silicone adhesive for aquarium assembly is an ideal option. The main thing is that it meets the requirements:
- It was a 100% hermetic.
- Suitable for sizing parts in contact with water.
- Corresponded to the color of the glass.
If you are new to assembling aquariums, then it is better to choose a colorless glue-sealant. It will help to hide the errors that can emerge in the process of work.
Step 4. Assembling the tank
To collect a container in a whole, you will need such inventory:
- soft grindstone;
- syringe (20 cubes);
- degreasing compound.
Getting started, remember that the tank can be glued in two ways: the walls on the bottom or walls around the bottom.
Before gluing, the edges of the glass elements will have to be ground with a grindstone if before they did not yield to such treatment. To do this, prepare the bathroom: draw water (its level should not exceed 15 cm), put a terry towel on the bottom. After that, lower the glass under the water and gently grind the edges. After finishing the work, wipe the glass, dry and treat with degreasing agent.
After processing the details of the future aquarium, prepare a working surface, where the gluing of the glass elements will take place. To do this, cover the table or any other flat horizontal plane with paper. Prepare a syringe with sealant, putting a cap on it, and apply glue on the end part of the front wall, which will later touch the bottom of the aquarium.
Important! Watch how the adhesive is laid on the surface. If it spreads unevenly, it will be possible to forget about the tightness of the reservoir.
After applying the sealant, attach the aquarium wall to the bottom and squeeze it slightly. Places where the glue came out, do not rush it.
Take the sidewall, cover those edges of the edge that will come in contact with the adjacent walls and the bottom, and put it back into place, gently pressing.
Important! Take care that there are no gaps at the joints. Avoid bevels. Any error can lead to an irreparable error, and the design will be spoiled.
Do the same procedure with the remaining walls and collect the container together.
After assembling the structure, do not touch it until the glue dries completely. This time, as a rule, takes a day. If necessary, glue the stiffeners, covering them along the entire length of the sealant and leaving the reservoir to dry for another 24 hours.
At the end of the assembly and complete drying of the aquarium, you can cut off the glue residues that have come out from under the seams. For such purposes, an ordinary razor blade is suitable. Correction of seams is necessary only from the outside.
Now you know how to make an aquarium with your own hands, and you can easily cope with this task.
Step 5. Elimination of blemishes
If, when you fill the aquarium with water, you notice that the tank is leaking, do not despair. Depending on the location of leakage capacity, shortcomings can be attempted to eliminate.
If the aquarium is leaking in the corner, try to cover the unsealed area. To do this, squeeze out a little glue and cover with a finger under the water. In the event that this trick proved to be ineffective, it is better to cut the seam, clean it of the glue and collect the failed part of the aquarium again according to the scheme described above.
When the seam of the aquarium is flowing, it is appropriate to cut out the sealant in the place of leak and fill the hole again with the composition. If it does not work out, disassemble the walls and glue again.
Sometimes small bubbles form inside the seam. In this case, observe how the sealant reacts to the wet environment. If the glue passes water - rework, if no changes are observed - leave the construction alone.
Adhering to the above recommendations, you can assemble the aquarium with your own hands. The main thing is do not despair if something does not work out. Even experienced experts often do not go out to create an absolutely ideal tank for keeping fish.
Additional accessories for the aquarium
Understand the question of how to make your own hands with an aquarium is not enough. A simple glass "box" will look inappropriate, and fish in this capacity are unlikely to get accustomed. In addition to the tank itself, it is necessary to make a cover, a filter, a siphon, a decor.
Variants of purchased filters for the aquarium are many, but not all of them are qualitative. If such a device fails, the fish do not live long. At the time when the water purifier has broken down, and a new one for some reason you can not buy, you will absolutely need to know how to make a filter for an aquarium with your own hands. The solution of such a question requires special vigilance, because the filter is an important element, thanks to which a special microclimate is maintained in the aquarium. You can make an external filter for your aquarium with your own hands even from a plastic bottle. You can easily assemble the structure from a plastic bottle, tube and improvised cleaner.
Cut the top of the bottle with the neck and put a plastic tube on it. Use the usual suction cup as the filter holder. As a filter element, use a hard part of the sponge, mesh or microfiber, - insert it into the bottle. The bottom of the filter is covered with a grid and fastened with a rubber band so that the fish do not swim there. After doing these simple actions, you get a functional cleaner for the aquarium.
The aquarium will be defective without the top wall, so we'll figure out how to make a lid for the aquarium with your own hands. The easiest way is to make the top part by cutting it from the foam. This is an unpretentious and budgetary option for constructing a removable cover for the tank. All that has to be done is to cut out a suitable rectangle of foam and fix it in the necessary place.
Siphon is a special device that saturates the water in the aquarium with oxygen. This is necessary to maintain the necessary level of oxygen in the water and to create an optimal microclimate suitable for the existence of fish in water. The life of fish in a tank without a siphon is impossible, so how to make a siphon for an aquarium with your own hands at home is an acute issue. To make such adaptation it is easy: for this purpose it is required a plastic bottle and a tube.
It is also popular to design a siphon from a conventional medical dropper. The photo clearly illustrates the principle of the design.
Scenery for an aquarium
Aquarium without decorative elements will look unnatural. Fish need to create comfortable, anti-stress conditions. If you like to fantasize, create your underwater world inside the aquarium. Make a castle of seashells, snags, decorate the reservoir with algae. How to make a snag for an aquarium? With your hands, you can pick up a beautiful branch or snag and place it inside the tank. It can be a dry tree, which you can turn into a real garden inside the aquarium, decorating it with artificial pebbles, shells, algae or flowers. Also as decorations you can use moss. The bottom is better to decorate with sand, pebbles or small seashells.
If you can not create a natural atmosphere in the aquarium, or you want to visually expand its space, the background will help you. To understand how to make a background for an aquarium with your own hands, it is enough to take advantage of our advice: draw a background of colors, immersed in your imagination, or paste on the back of the aquarium a picture with the sea depths. It will look more natural.
By creating a beautiful design background, you can decorate the back wall with an artificial stone, and you will definitely get the most extravagant aquarium for fish.