Despite the fact that aquariums are not scarce, and in a specialized store you can choose a tank for every taste, the question of how to make an aquarium with your own hands is asked more often than you can imagine.
The reasons for the need to design an aquarium do it yourself
If you want to learn how to make an aquarium with your own hands at home, this instruction will be useful to you. This may be if:
- You like to make interesting crafts and create master classes.
- The ratio of price and quality of finished products does not suit you.
- You want to make money on the design of exclusive aquariums.
If you decide that you need an aquarium, and are going to make it, start by designing a small volume tank. So in case of failure, the flaws will be easier to fix, and you will spend less money.
So, let's figure out how to make an aquarium with your own hands. As with any lesson, the work with the assembly of the aquarium with your own hands begins with the selection of materials and tools. We will understand in more detail step by step.
Step 1. Glass selection
There is a special scale for determining the quality of glass, according to which glass layers receive a rating from 1 to 8 (grade M1 - M8). The higher the score, the better the glass. Glass below M3 category for aquarium is not suitable.
For the design and fit the usual display glass, choose a special material does not make sense. The fish will feel great in a simple glass aquarium. The thickness of the material is calculated according to special tables depending on the volume of the future product. After that, the parameters are selected according to a special formula: V = a * b * h, where, a - width, b - length, h - height.
Glass strips, located on the sides and acting as a reinforcing structure, are called the ribs of the aquarium. Their thickness in total with the walls is equal to the internal length of the container, and the width does not exceed 5 cm.
If the length of the aquarium exceeds one and a half meters, then the stiffening ribs are supported by special ties. Their width is 3-5 cm.
Step 2. Glass cutting
Cutting glass yourself is not highly recommended, especially if you have insufficient experience with fragile materials. You can easily damage it. It is better to seek help from a glazier who will carefully and quickly cut the glass according to the parameters agreed with you.
Step 3. Glue selection
Silicone glue for assembling an aquarium is ideal. The main thing is that he meets the requirements:
- It was one hundred percent sealant.
- Suitable for sizing parts in contact with water.
- Matched the color of the glass.
If you are new to the assembly of aquariums, it is better to choose a colorless adhesive sealant. It will help to hide errors that may emerge in the process.
Step 4. Build the tank
To assemble a container into a whole, you need the following inventory:
- soft whetstone;
- syringe (20 cubes);
- degreasing composition.
Getting started, remember that the tank can be glued together in two ways: the walls at the bottom or walls around the bottom.
Before gluing, the edges of glass elements will have to be grinded with a grinding stone, if they had not been able to process it before. To do this, prepare the bathroom: type water (its level should not exceed 15 cm), put a terry towel on the bottom. After that, lower the glass under water and gently grind off the edges. After finishing work, wipe the glass, dry and treat with a degreasing agent.
After processing the details of the future of the aquarium, prepare a work surface where the gluing of glass elements will take place. To do this, cover the table or any other flat horizontal plane with paper. Prepare a syringe with a sealant, put a cap on it, and apply glue to the end of the front wall, which will later come into contact with the bottom of the aquarium.
Important! Watch how the glue mix rests on the surface. If it spreads unevenly, the tightness of the tank can be forgotten.
After applying the sealant, attach the wall of the aquarium to the bottom and press it down a little. Places where the glue made, do not rush to wipe.
Take the edge, cover the edges of the edges that will come into contact with the adjacent walls and the bottom, and put it in place, gently pressing it.
Important! Make sure that the joints do not have gaps. Avoid bevels. Any inaccuracy can lead to an irreparable error, and the design will be damaged.
Do the same procedure with the remaining walls and collect the container together.
After assembling the structure, do not touch it until the glue is completely dry. This time, as a rule, takes a day. If necessary, glue the stiffeners, covering them along the entire length with a sealant and leaving the tank to dry for another 24 hours.
At the end of the assembly and complete drying of the aquarium, you can trim off the glue residue that has come out from under the seams. For such purposes, suitable conventional razor blade. Adjust the seams only outside.
Now you know how to do your own aquarium, and easily cope with this task.
Step 5. Elimination of flaws
If, having filled the water in the aquarium, you notice that the tank is not tight, do not despair. Depending on the location of the leakage capacity, you can try to eliminate the shortcomings.
If the aquarium runs in the corner, try to cover up the leaky area. To do this, squeeze out a little glue and apply a finger to flow directly under water. In the event that such a trick was unsuccessful, it is better to cut the seam, clean it from the glue and reassemble the failed part of the aquarium again as described above.
When the seam of the aquarium is flowing, it is appropriate to cut the sealant in the leakage area and fill the hole with the composition again. If it does not work out, disassemble the walls and glue again.
Sometimes small bubbles form inside the seam. In this case, observe how the sealant reacts to a moist environment. If glue misses water - rework, if no changes are observed - leave the construction alone.
By adhering to the above recommendations, you will be able to build an aquarium with your own hands. The main thing - do not despair if something does not work out. Even experienced professionals often do not go out to create an absolutely perfect tank for keeping fish.
Extras to the aquarium
Deal with the question of how to do your own aquarium, a little. A simple glass "box" will look inappropriate, and the fish in such a container are unlikely to take root. In addition to the tank itself, you must make the cover, filter, siphon, decor.
Options for purchased filters for aquarium set, but not all of them are of high quality. If such a device fails, the fish do not live long. At the moment when the water purifier broke down, and for some reason you cannot buy a new one, you will definitely need to know how to make a filter for the aquarium with your own hands. The solution of this issue requires special vigilance, because the filter is an important element due to which a special microclimate is maintained in the aquarium. You can even make an external filter for the aquarium with a plastic bottle. You can easily assemble a design from a plastic bottle, tube, and an improvised cleaner.
Cut the top of the bottle with the neck and put a plastic tube on it. Use a regular suction cup as a filter holder. As a filter element, use a hard part of the sponge, mesh or microfiber - insert it into the bottle. Cover the bottom of the filter with a net and secure it with an elastic band to prevent the fish from swimming there. By doing these simple steps, you get a functional cleaner for the aquarium.
The aquarium will be defective without the top wall, so let's figure out how to make a cover for the aquarium with your own hands. The easiest way to make the upper part, cutting it out of foam. This is a simple and budget version of the design of a removable cover for the tank. All that has to be done is to cut a rectangle of foam of a suitable size and attach it in the required place.
Siphon is a special device that saturates the water in the aquarium with oxygen. This is necessary to maintain the required level of oxygen in the water and create an optimal microclimate suitable for the existence of fish in the water. The life of fish in a tank without a siphon is impossible, so how to make a siphon for an aquarium with your own hands at home is an urgent question. To make such a device is easy: you will need a plastic bottle and tube for this.
It is also popular to construct a siphon from an ordinary medical dropper. The photo clearly illustrates the principle of operation of the structure.
Scenery for aquarium
An aquarium without decorative elements will look unnatural. Fishes need to create comfortable, anti-stress conditions. If you like to fantasize, create your underwater world inside the aquarium. Make a lock of seashells, snag, decorate the tank with algae. How to make a snag for aquarium? With your own hands, you can pick up a beautiful branch or snag and place it inside the tank. It can be a dry tree, which you can turn into a real garden inside the aquarium by decorating it with artificial pebbles, shells, algae or flowers. You can also use moss as decorations. It is better to decorate the bottom with sand, pebbles or small shells.
If you cannot create a natural atmosphere in an aquarium, or you want to visually expand its space, the background will help you. To understand how to make a background for an aquarium with your own hands, it’s enough to use our advice: draw a background with paints, immersed in your imagination, or paste a drawing with sea depths on the back wall of the aquarium. It will look more natural.
Creating a beautiful designer background, you can decorate the back wall with an artificial stone, and you will definitely get the most extravagant aquarium for fish.