Many, especially inveterate fishermen, want to have a good boat, but not everyone has the opportunity to purchase it. So the question arises: how to make a boat with your own hands? Those who consider such a task impossible, we immediately reply that this is not so. The main thing is to apply strength and diligence.
Boat from boards
Thinking about how to make a boat, first of all you need to decide on the wood. For this, alder, willow or spruce is perfect, but, as folk craftsmen say, there is no better boat made of simple pine boards. Maybe this boat is too heavy, but the resinous tree practically does not rot.
In addition, it is not necessary to paint it. Masters believe that under a layer of paint wood is steamed and preet. It is quite enough to impregnate the board, and the used engine oil is suitable for this.
On the sawmill, cut the boards to a thickness of 30 mm. After that, they need to be cut to a thickness of 25 mm. That will be enough. And they are struck only on the side that will be inside the boat.
For those who are not quite sure how to make a boat, you should know that the length of the boards will be the length of the hull. Choose it at your own discretion. It can be from 4 to 6 m.
When making a boat, take into account the fact that the wider the board, the fewer cracks will be in the boat, and this, accordingly, will reduce the potential leak spots. When connecting and bending the boards, the slots will be in any case, which is why they must be immediately caulked. For this, moss or a construction tow is used, and then they are additionally smeared with silicone.
Bonding of all boat elements
If before the boards were fastened together with nails, now they are replaced by self-tapping screws, which makes it possible to do it reliably and quickly.
Thinking about how to make a boat, do not forget about the shape of the sides. They can be either inclined or vertical. Although the latter and are more simple to manufacture, but the shipping qualities of the boat from this deteriorate. Therefore, many prefer to bend them. It can not be said that it is easy to do, but quite real. The main thing is to know which ones to use for this device. It is good to do this with the help of special clamps, and bend slowly, gradually increasing the load. Periodically wet the boards with water. This gives them flexibility.
For greater reliability, the boat is provided with stiffeners. They are usually performed from an oak board. It is also used for the device of the pointed nose of the boat. In it insert boards of boards and a bottom, and in special grooves. Self-tapping screws are not used here for bonding.
When deciding how to make a boat, you should immediately estimate the width of the front part and the stern. Usually in the bow part the width reaches 80 cm, and in the area of the stern it decreases to 30-40 cm. It is better to make the border at this height no more than 40 cm.
This shape of the boat makes it easy to steer it from the stern, using one oar at the same time.
Many fishermen prefer to use inflatable rubber boats for fishing. Before the wooden they have a number of advantages - they are compact and weigh little (no more than 6 kg), but with a careful attitude they serve very long.
Those who do not have the opportunity to buy a factory-made boat, are thinking about how to make a rubber boat on their own. With certain skills, this is a completely solvable problem.
The best material for making a rubber boat is a rubberized fabric of BCC. It is used for the production of army personal protective equipment. It is very thin, light, strong, not rotted and rubberized on both sides.
To sew the main elements of the boat, apply nylon thread (№ 30). Stitch them on the sewing machine. For bonding elements, rubber glue 4508 with natural rubber is used.
- Drawings of a rubber boat are used as a basis.
- From the thick cardboard cut out patterns for the elements of the boat.
- On a large table lay the fabric face down, lay on it the curves of the details and outline them, and make allowance for the seams 1 cm.
- Ready-made boat parts are first nailed with a kapron thread, and then they are piled on the machine.
- Then cut from a fabric of a strip in width of 50 mm and glue them from above all seams.
- Thus, the nasal and aft part, as well as the side cylinders, are collected.
- After the assembly of the entire structure, a pressure valve is installed. For him, you can use a small piece of rubber hose or buy a ready-made factory.
- Then they proceed to make the bottom. For this, the already made balloon of the boat is pumped. On the floor, spread the fabric, put on the top of the balloon and outline it.
- For the bottom it is necessary to make two patterns. They are glued together and the resulting double bottom is glued to the bottom of the boat.
Such a short instruction gives a general idea of how to make a boat, as well as determine the materials and the amount of work. We hope that our advice will be useful to you, and you can easily make a boat yourself without much effort.