Grass shredder is a reliable assistant to all gardeners and gardeners. With it, you can easily and quickly clean the area from debris. What is this unit and how to do it yourself, read the article.
What is a shredder for branches and grass for?
Owners of their own land plots have to spend a lot of time and effort to put in order a garden or a vegetable garden. To facilitate the heavy handwork, people came up with electric grass choppers, thanks to which you can quickly get rid of twigs, grass and dry leaves.
These devices shred garden waste, turning it into a biodegradable mass, which is poured into a compost pit, and organic fertilizer is subsequently obtained. Not bad crushed vegetable garbage to mulch the soil, which will receive food in the form of an organic additive. If there is no need for this, the mass processed by the grinder is packed in bags and removed from the site. It will not be difficult to do it yourself, without resorting to the help of a vehicle.
How to choose the electric grinder?
This question is difficult and requires some knowledge. To choose a garden grass electric chopper, you should pay attention to the following parameters:
- Type of engine and its power.
- Knife system.
- Reverse. It happens that the knives become clogged with grass or are unable to process a large branch. Then using the reverse can quickly stop the blades and make them spin the other way. Therefore, the garbage, the processing of which has any problems to come back.
- Weight and weight of the device.
- The presence of the follower. With its help, the debris is moving in the funnel. It is not recommended to do this work with bare hand, you can get injured.
- Ability to recycle garbage of different origin.
- The size of the receiver and the funnel, through which is fed the garbage. Easy to maintain unit with slanted funnel in the form of a cone. Better if there are a few holes of different sizes: some are to be inserted, branches and other vegetable wastes.
- Possibilities of automation and protection. It is better to choose a unit with a locking self-start. It happens that at some time the electricity disappears and then suddenly appears. If there is no lock grinder herb included independently, and the differential current can fail. With the lock he himself will not turn on.
Engine power rating
Amateur class. Differs disc knife system, which is driven by a 1.6 kW electric motor. The unit of this class is designed for grinding vegetable debris and branches with a diameter of 30 millimeters.
Medium power class. Engine capacity of the installation can reach 2.5 kilowatts. The system of knives of such units is milling, so they are used for grinding large vegetable debris and branches 40 mm thick.
Professional class. Engine power unit of this class reaches 4 kilowatts. Knife system - milling. With its help, large branches with a diameter of 80 mm are processed and pressed. If you use such a grass chopper, then productivity will increase and you can save space on the site.
Types of knife system
Depending on the principle of action, it is:
- Disk. In this system, work is presented on a rotating disc with blades from tverdosplavnoy metal, which of necessity can be replaced. This type of knife is used for processing the remains of plants, grass, leaves and small twigs with a diameter of twenty millimeters, which are small damp dust.
- Milling. This system has a powerful rotating cutter having the form of gears, which are attached to the blade of hard metal. These knives are able to shred thick branches up to five inches in diameter, the bark of trees and even the roots. Product processing is a major shavings, wood chips or small wood pieces.
- Milling and turbine. It is a universal knife system, capable of processing dry and wet waste and vegetable gardens, regardless of their hardness.
Making grass shredder for chickens
You can chop the grass with an ax. It is convenient and does not require any fixtures. But if you have a lot of chickens on the farm and you have to chop the grass daily, it takes a lot of time and is pretty annoying. You can correct the situation and make a grass chopper for chickens yourself. Its design is simple. To begin with, the four legs from the old stool are connected in pairs. They put a tray of boards eighty centimeters long. And the front knives are fifty centimeters more. Grooves are cut into them that end below the tray bottom. The groove has a width that allows the spit blade to move freely, to which the handle is welded to the blunt end.
The edge of the spit is attached to the foot pedal using a system of levers. A grass chopper for chickens works according to this principle: a homemade knife is pulled up with one hand. The vegetable mass is pushed to the cutter with the other hand, and the foot presses on the pedal. Shredded grass begins to pour into the container, which was previously set for this purpose. That's the whole technology: easy, simple and affordable.
How to make an electric garden shredder?
For this you will need:
- The body and the motor from the machine for washing clothes.
- Saw, old from time to time.
- Fasteners: bushings, bolts, nuts.
- A bucket or large pan for making the bottom container.
- Saw-Bulgarian, screwdrivers, hammer.
- Legs from the old stool.
Home-made grass chopper consists of upper and lower containers, knives, racks and engine. It is better if the body of the unit will have a cylindrical shape. For this ideal washing machine. Saw-grinder from its body is cut cylindrical part. This will be the top container. To design stood, you need to attach to the bottom of the leg. As the top container, you can use the old pan. To do this, cut a hole on the side and sheathe it with sheet metal. Through it will be processed material.
Knives are made of saw pieces and fixed on a sleeve fifty centimeters high. It can be independently made or ordered by a specialist. And to keep the whole structure will be a rack of durable material, for example, the legs of the stool. For fixing works better fit water nuts.
Further work with the engine. It is removed from the pulley. He is no longer useful in the work. The motor is fixed to the casing with clamps, which are at the same time and tightening the design. The inner diameter of the hole at the top of the cylinder must be the same as the diameter of the shaft in the engine. Fixing drilled two holes with a diameter of eight millimeters. They are coated with thread M8, to which are fastened the bolts. Before the pinned sleeve on all sides of the shaft, made a small indentation. For output of processed raw material under the knives of the hole. If it is not possible to make a hole at the bottom of the top container, it must be cut on the side. Collecting the crushed mass is made in a box attached to the body by bolts. Homemade grinder herb ready. This simple device from scrap vehicles can be a faithful companion for any owner.
Grass chopper is the simplest means of small-scale mechanization. But in case of improper use there may be a risk to human life. To avoid this, you should follow some rules for safe work with the unit.
- During work wear goggles or a mask to avoid injury from the flow of chips.
- Gloves should not fall off of hands.
- If there is no self-tapping device on the unit, work with a special pusher.
- Grind branches acceptable for this type of unit thickness.
- Stones, glass, clothes, plastic items should not fall into the funnel.
- If the plant is processed with roots, the earth is shaken off them.
- The branches should not dry. When they are wet, it is easier to crush.
- In the absence of a curtain that prevents access to the knives, working on the unit is prohibited.