It is generally known that a person with developed thinking is advantageous from others. Many, realizing this, regularly perform special exercises that promote the development of their thinking abilities. Among a huge number of special puzzles, a special group is occupied by puzzles. These exercises are interesting for people of any age. But it is known that not everyone knows how to solve puzzles. It needs to learn.
How did the puzzles
Historical facts indicate that the rebus existed in the XV century. Although their form was significantly different from that which is known to lovers of these ingenious tasks today. The first rebuses appeared in France. They were played on stage in the form of short performances. The audience tried to understand what the actors wanted to show. Successfully played and unraveled scene gave pleasure to both parties. Later, the rebuses began to acquire other forms. Many of them were based on the play of words. At the same time appeared puzzles. Special rules were developed that explained how to solve puzzles in pictures.
France, Italy, Germany, England - the first countries where these kinds of exercises for the mind were given the most serious attention. The creation of collections of puzzles involved professional artists and linguists.
It is known that in Russia in the XIX century there was a special magazine, where printed puzzles of different levels of complexity, thematic focus. The publication was especially popular with young people.
Types of puzzles
Given that the rebus is called any puzzle, where to encrypt a word or phrase using signs, letters, illustrations, verbal sketches, they can include Sudoku, crossword puzzles, scanwords, anagrams.
A special group consists of mathematical or numerical puzzles. These are equalities, where all numbers or a part of them are replaced by letters from different alphabets. In addition, literary, musical, and sound puzzles are very popular. To know how to solve puzzles of any kind, you need to familiarize yourself with some rules for their compilation and decoding.
General Rules for Solving and Puzzling
To successfully solve problems called puzzles, it is necessary to remember the general rules by which they are compiled and unraveled:
- the entry of a word or phrase in a rebus is performed from left to right, only in some cases - from the top down;
- if one word is conceived, then it is usually a noun of the singular number of the nominative;
- if the offer is encrypted, then in the conditions of the rebus it is reported;
- the rebus, as a rule, has one solution, the existence of variants of answers is immediately warned;
- various methods can be used simultaneously to compose the puzzle.
It is believed that it is best to start the puzzle solving exercises from those where the drawings of objects are used. This kind of puzzles can be used even by small children. And yet, how to solve the puzzle with pictures?
The simplest puzzles consist of two illustrations, when, in turn, each of them is called, the guesser gets a new word. For example, a wave + window = a fiber. A more complicated version of the rebus contains pictures that have not one but several meanings. For example, the eye can be called the eye, lips - mouth, bees - swarm, and so on. In this case, you need to think and determine which name is suitable for guessing a specific word.
How to solve puzzles, if a picture appeared inverted? This means only that the word should not be read from left to right, but vice versa. For example, the image of the nose in an inverted form means the word "dream". Sometimes pictures in the rebus are supplemented by letters or their combinations. They can stand in front of the drawing or after it. Depending on this, the letters should be added to the title of the picture at the beginning or at the end.
Puzzles are common, where you should delete letters from the title of the picture. This is warned by commas. The signs in front of the picture say that you need to remove the letters from the beginning of the word. Commas after the illustration indicate the need to exclude the last letters from the word. The number of commas corresponds to the number of letters to be removed.
How to solve puzzles with numbers
This kind of puzzles also suitable for beginners. The principle of compiling and unraveling them is very simple. Instead of a picture, you use a number entry and other characters in the puzzle. For example, 100lca = the capital, 7d = family.
The figures shown next to the picture can indicate the sequence of letters in the solved word. For example, there is an illustration of a pine tree and the numbers next to it - 45123. The answer to the rebus is the word "pump".
Sometimes, next to the picture, there are numbers with arrows pointing in opposite directions. This means that letters corresponding to ordinal numbers should be interchanged.
Puzzles in Mathematics
For the development of logical thinking, puzzles are used that require the restoration of records of arithmetic solutions. This type of problem is called numerical or mathematical puzzles.
How to solve a mathematical puzzle depends on its kind. Sometimes the numbers in the entry are replaced by asterisks. It is required by means of calculations and logical reasoning to restore the lost part.
The greatest difficulty in solving the problem is puzzles, where all numbers are replaced by letters. At the same time, a certain number corresponds to the same letter character. The guess is to restore the whole record.
How to solve numerical puzzles, students learn at the lessons of mathematics, as well as on extracurricular lessons on the subject.