It is well known that a person with a developed mindset differs favorably from others. Many, realizing this, regularly perform special exercises that contribute to the development of their thinking abilities. Among the huge number of special puzzles, a special group is occupied by rebuses. These exercises are interesting for people of any age. But it is known that not everyone knows how to solve rebuses. It needs to learn.
How did the puzzles appear
Historical facts indicate that rebuses existed in the XV century. Although their form was significantly different from that which is known to fans of these ingenious tasks today. The first puzzles appeared in France. They played out on stage in the form of short performances. The audience tried to understand what the actors want to show. Successfully played and unraveled scene brought joy to both parties. Later, the puzzles began to take on other forms. Many of them were based on the play on words. At the same time, drawn puzzle. Special rules were developed that explained how to solve the rebuses in pictures.
France, Italy, Germany, England - the first countries where the most serious attention was paid to these types of exercises for the mind. The collection of rebuses was done by professional artists and linguists.
It is known that in Russia in the XIX century a special magazine was published, where rebuses of various levels of complexity and thematic focus were printed. The publication was particularly popular with young people.
Types of puzzles
Considering that a riddle is called any riddle, where characters, letters, illustrations, verbal sketches are used to encrypt words or phrases, sudoku, crossword puzzles, crossword puzzles, and anagrams can be included.
A special group consists of mathematical or numerical rebuses. This is equality, where all the numbers or part of them are replaced by letters from different alphabets. In addition, literary, musical, and sound riddles are very popular. To know how to solve rebuses of any kind, you need to familiarize yourself with some of the rules for compiling and deciphering them.
General rules for solving and composing rebuses
For successful solution of problems, called rebuses, it is necessary to remember the general rules by which they are compiled and solved:
- the word or phrase is written in the rebus from left to right, only in some cases from top to bottom;
- if a single word is made up, then it is usually the noun of the singular of the nominative;
- if the sentence is encrypted, it is reported in the rebus conditions;
- the rebus, as a rule, has one solution, the existence of variants of answers is warned immediately;
- when compiling a rebus, various methods can be used simultaneously.
It is considered that it is best of all to start training on solving puzzles from those where drawings of objects are used. This kind of puzzles can do even for small children. And yet, how to solve the puzzles with pictures?
The simplest puzzles consist of two illustrations, when, naming each of them in turn, the person who guesses receives a new word. For example, ox + window = fiber. A more complicated version of the rebus contains pictures that have not one, but several meanings. For example, an eye can be called an eye, lips - by mouth, bees - swarm, and so on. In this case, it is necessary to think and determine which name is appropriate for solving a particular word.
How to solve the puzzles, if the picture appeared upside down? This means only that the word should be read not from left to right, but vice versa. For example, the image of the nose upside down means the word "dream". Sometimes the pictures in the rebus are complemented with letters or their combinations. They can stand in front of the picture or after it. Depending on this letter, it should be added to the title of the picture at the beginning or at the end.
Rebuses are common where letters should be removed from the picture name. Commas warn about this. The signs in front of the picture say that it is necessary to remove the letters from the beginning of the word. Commas after the illustration indicate the need to exclude the last letters from the word. The number of commas corresponds to the number of letters to be removed.
How to solve the puzzles with numbers
This type of puzzle is also suitable for beginners. The principle of compiling and solving them is very simple. Instead of a picture, use the number and other valid characters in the rebus. For example, 100litz = capital, 7th = family.
The numbers shown next to the picture may indicate the sequence of letters in the guessing word. For example, an illustration of a pine tree and the numbers next to it are given - 45123. The riddle is the word “pump”.
Sometimes next to the picture there are numbers with arrows pointing in opposite directions. This means that the letters corresponding to the sequence numbers should be swapped.
Rebuses in math
For the development of logical thinking used puzzles that require the recovery of records of arithmetic solutions. Such kind of tasks are called numerical or mathematical rebuses.
How to solve a mathematical puzzle, depends on its type. Sometimes the numbers in the record are replaced by asterisks. It is required to restore the lost part by calculations and logical reasoning.
The greatest difficulty in solving is caused by puzzles, where all numbers are replaced by letters. In this case, the same letter corresponds to a certain number. Guessing to restore the entire record.
How to solve numerical puzzles, students learn in mathematics lessons, as well as extracurricular classes on the subject.