Modern women are actively engaged in their careers and sometimes achieve greater success than many men. For some, it is a vital necessity, for others - a way to realize themselves. However, most women still see motherhood as their main goal. Having a child is not only a great joy for any family, but also a huge responsibility. And the material component is very important. At the time of childbirth and care for the newborn, the woman is forced to leave work. Therefore, in accordance with Russian legislation, she is entitled to paid maternity leave. To represent the size of the upcoming state payments, a woman should know how to calculate maternity.
Who are maternity payments?
In accordance with Article 255 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation and Article 10 of Federal Law No. 255, a woman is entitled to go on paid maternity leave if she is insured. This means that the employer makes monthly payments for it to the Social Insurance Fund, or the Social Insurance Fund. Moreover, maternity allowance is defined as 100% of average earnings, if the woman’s experience exceeds 6 months. For those who have worked less than six months, monthly payments should not exceed the minimum wage, or the minimum wage.
If a woman does not have a permanent job ...
A pregnant woman who does not have a permanent job is entitled to rely on maternity leave in the following cases:
- she was dismissed from her previous job because of the liquidation of the enterprise or organization and was registered at the local Employment Center (in 2014, the base for calculating maternity pay was 515.33 rubles);
- she is a full-time student (maternity pay is paid at the place of study and is calculated on the basis of scholarships);
- she is engaged in individual entrepreneurial activity and makes transfers to the FSS for more than 6 months (the base for calculating the amount of maternity allowances for 1 calendar month is the minimum wage, equal to 5,554 rubles in 2014).
How to make maternity leave?
On the basis of the Order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation No. 624n, the responsibility for registration of a certificate of incapacity for work on maternity leave lies with the gynecologist. After a woman has learned about her pregnancy, she should contact the antenatal clinic where she will be registered. Constant medical observation plays an important role in the safe bearing and birth of a baby. In addition, the doctor will calculate the approximate date of childbirth by the term of pregnancy, determine when a woman is entitled to take maternity leave, and also give her a certificate of incapacity for work. Together with the corresponding statement, it should be referred to the accounting department, where the amount of the payments should be calculated.
Average earnings - the basis for calculating maternity
For the entire period of maternity leave, a woman is paid a state grant at a time. Calculate maternity leave is possible on the basis of average daily earnings. For this, it follows from the number of calendar days for the two preceding maternity years of accrual (730 or 731, if one of them was a leap year) to subtract the number of days spent at the hospital, and divide the total amount of payments for this period by the difference. The total earnings of a woman include all incomes for which deductions were made to the Social Insurance Fund. Example: the allowance is charged S. S. Smirnova, in 2014, her experience more than six months. For 2013 and 2012, its income amounted to 390 thousand rubles. S.Smirnova in 2012 for 10 days was at the hospital. The size of the average daily wage will be 540.9 rubles. (390,000 / (731-10)).
How to find out the duration of maternity leave?
To understand how to calculate maternity leave, you need to know its duration. This indicator depends on several factors, and it can be determined by the following table.
If the actual date of delivery is slightly different from the pre-date, the duration of maternity leave does not change.
Formula for calculating maternity
After the average earnings of a woman have been calculated and the length of the leave due to her has been determined, the amount of maternity allowance can be calculated. The formula for calculating is very simple: you should multiply the average earnings by the total number of days on vacation.
Example: average daily earnings from SS Smirnov is 540.9 rubles. the duration of her vacation is 140 days. The amount of maternity allowance - 75 726 rubles.
How to calculate maternity for women working in several organizations?
If a woman works simultaneously in several organizations, then when calculating maternity allowance, her total earnings are taken into account. She must submit to the accounting office a certificate of income received at another place of work for two years, taken into account.
Minimum and maximum maternity allowance
Information on how to calculate maternity allowances, in some cases, is not enough, since the amount of the allowance is limited by law by setting the minimum and maximum average daily wage. To determine the maximum average earnings, it is necessary to divide the sum of the limit values of the base for the accrual of payments to the FSS for the 2 years preceding the departure time to the decree by 730 (731). The limit value of the base is annually determined by the relevant decision of the government of the Russian Federation by indexation. This indicator can be viewed in the following table.
Base for calculating the maximum value of average earnings
The minimum value of the average earnings used in the calculation of maternity wages is determined on the basis of the minimum wage (in 2014 this figure was 5,554 rubles).
Example: for S. S. Smirnova, the maximum average earnings amount is 1,479.45 rubles. ((512,000 + 568000) / 731). Thus, the maternity allowance for it cannot exceed 186,730 rubles. (1333.8 X 140) if the pregnancy is singleton. The minimum average wage is 25,563.62 (5554 X 24/730 X 140).
If a woman is still on maternity leave, she goes on maternity leave for the second time
In order for future parents to plan their budget, they should be aware of the amount of all payments due to them. For most women, maternity allowance is an essential item of income, so the procedure for calculating it is of interest to many. And in order to determine the size of payments, it is not necessary to have an economic education or to seek assistance from an accountant.