Many people who want to start their own business do not think about the difficulties they need to go through. It seems that there is something complicated, built, bought goods - that's all. But it was not there. If you ask any person who owns the store, he will tell you that this is not a simple business, there are a lot of nuances that you need to solve before you open a store. Where to begin?
First of all, you need to decide what kind of goods you are going to sell. Will buy it, it is claimed or not. Secondly, you need to choose the place where the store will be located. Here it is worth considering several options. The selected territory should be easily accessible, crowded, visited. It is also possible to rent an area in one of the shopping centers. If you want to know the opinion of people, ask them personally, find out whether your new products are interested in them, whether they will visit the store.
What is necessary to start a business
Before considering this issue, let's make up a small business plan for the store. It should not be painted on several sheets. The document should first be brief, but at the same time respond to all important questions regarding the opening of the institution. Here is a small business plan for the store, which presents the main aspects:
1. What will be the format of the enterprise (usual institution or online store, boutique, outlet or supermarket?).
2. Production, assortment. Target audience (customers).
3. Location (where you are going to build your store, or maybe it will be a rented room).
4. A trading place (the size of the area and all expenses for it).
5. Equipment (what you need for the store, the price).
6. Personnel (how many people to hire, what salary to pay them).
7. Costs for the registration of the store, the necessary licenses (for example, on the trade in tobacco, alcohol).
8. Well, of course, advertising.
Documents required to open a store
You will have to spend a lot of time and a lot of nerves on paperwork and obtaining permits. In the process of opening one's own business, every entrepreneur felt how difficult it was to collect the entire list of necessary licenses. This part is inseparable, without it you can not do anything. So, how to open a store from scratch and what kind of licenses it is worth to get?
- First, you need to prepare the documents, which will indicate the number of the company's founders, its name, as well as the type of activity. The papers should include a detailed information about the chief director and accountant, information on the authorized capital and the taxation system.
- It is necessary to submit an application for a fire department report, attach a lease agreement, a registration document, a BTI plan, a fire protection system installation contract, and an insurance policy of your building to the act. After this, it is necessary to appoint a person in charge of the fire safety department.
- Do not forget: the advertising sign of the store is considered an area, and it also needs permission. To receive it, you must file a request with a special organization.
- All the necessary information for obtaining the installation of a cash register: the lease of the premises and the certificate of the opening of the company.
- To sign the sanitary certificate from Rospotrebnadzor it is worthwhile to collect the relevant documents: a document on the sales area, application, registration of the company, a paper on the receipt of registration in the IMNS, all product certificates, work record cards of personnel, permission to remove garbage.
Finally, after receiving all the conclusions, you can relax and enjoy the further work. From this moment, a really interesting activity begins, such as creating an interior, arranging products, etc. Pay serious attention to the name of the store, as much depends on it: the more interesting it is, the easier it is to remember it. The next stage is the design of the institution. Well-chosen interior makes the room a cozy place for buyers. But if visitors like the trading hall, they will want to return to it again and, of course, make some purchase.
A few examples of opening stores
Many entrepreneurs are faced with the question "how to open a children's store?". The demand for goods for babies was, is and always will be. Their market is quite rich and rich in assortment. For today in Moscow there are more than 100 shops for children, of course, 60% of them are network establishments. In such centers you can find everything you need for a child of different ages: shoes, clothes, baby food, toys, books, cosmetics, as well as furniture and equipment. Therefore, if you want to start doing business in this area and your finances allow, do not hesitate, open a shop rather and do not be afraid. At present, a huge number of people visit institutions with baby products, as parents always try to buy quality products for their children.
It is worth noting that if you do not have enough money to open a large store in the capital, do not despair! You can easily build a modest establishment in a small town. Before opening its doors, decide on a place, look at the availability of competitors, what kind of product they offer. The most important thing is to have a desire, and experience will come in the process of activity.
Highlights when opening a clothing store
The business associated with the trade of clothing is considered one of the most sought-after. People always buy things and will buy them. Many follow the fashion, for new trends. Acquire goods for different seasons.
But in this area, as in any other, there are disadvantages and advantages. The biggest problem is huge competition. In large cities, this industry has certain leaders who have been on the market for a long time, have their regular customers, original advertising, etc. It will be very difficult to compete with them, but this is quite possible. Today, most entrepreneurs are trying to open network institutions.
Many people think: "I'll open a clothing store and immediately be one of the first." But not everything is as easy as it seems. In order for you not to be trampled, you need to compete with others. There are several ways: interesting, different goods and low prices for products. Of course, if you only
opened, the option with cheap products is not suitable for you. If you do not study the market well, you can go bankrupt very quickly. Therefore, for those who think how to open their store and not go bankrupt, the best method will be a different assortment. To do this, it is necessary to come up with a unique concept for the institution, to sell goods that are not sold in rival stores. Especially if this is a new institution, then a diverse unique assortment will be the main advantage.
If you still decided to devote yourself to this business, you should set yourself a clear statement: "I will open a clothing store and will do everything necessary to make it better." With this attitude you will succeed.
Most importantly - do not forget that fashion changes every day. You will have to constantly follow the new trends and predict the demand for the goods. The success of your institution depends only on you.
How to open a store selling mobile phones
In modern times the technology is very rapidly developing. New, improved models of phones are entering the market. Entrepreneurs selling cellular communications, this business will be profitable for quite a long time.
How to open a store from scratch? Let's consider some important points.
- It is best to engage in such activities in a small town, as the lack of competitors will give you a good push and chances of success.
- If you decide to open a phone sales store, you need to find a good room. It should be located in a crowded place. In this case, you can not be afraid of rivals. Since people do not make purchases in small stalls, etc. Before opening your store, you need to solve the following issues:
- You need permission from the authorities: fire, security company, tax.
- Equipment for the store, namely glass shelves, a stand for the seller, a table for customers. This furniture is simply necessary in the institutions of cell phones.
- The next thing to do is to choose an assortment for a new business. Try to buy phones of popular brands. Also carefully select the product, it should be calculated for people with different financial capabilities. Plus, stock up on accessories for mobile phones, this will bring you only additional income.
- Choose the right staff. It should be people who are versed in this area. Make questionnaires where the questions you are interested in will be written.
- Finally take care of advertising. Before opening a store, make a decent sign with the original name. In addition, start distributing flyers, making announcements on local TV or radio, etc.
The main points you need to know when opening a grocery store
There will always be such institutions, since people simply need to eat. Demand for food is kept constantly. The owners of supermarkets and shops are not afraid of anything, even when there is an economic downturn. Since after it must necessarily rise. It will not be a secret to anyone that at present almost every entrepreneur thinks about how to open a grocery store.
But this kind of business is not the best for people with little experience. There are two good reasons for this:
- It is necessary to have a considerable starting capital.
- It is required to collect a large number of licenses, agreements, etc.
How much does it cost to open a food store
The exact figure is hard to name. Factors affecting the price: the size of the sales area, the area in which the institution will open, etc. The average amount of a large supermarket is $ 100,000. This figure may vary depending on where the store is located.
What does starting capital go to? As a rule, it is spent for construction, renting a room, also for repairs, hiring staff, purchasing products, equipment. In the list of exceptions, you can enter boutique shops that sell low-quality, high-quality products.
How to open your grocery store and not lose the competition
This type of business has fierce competition. These are various supermarket chains, hypermarkets, stalls, as well as medium-sized private shops.
If you are thinking how to open your store and not go bankrupt, you will first of all consider some of the nuances. Without huge initial capital, you can not compete with large networks. But in order to stay on the market, you need to determine your main advantages.
- Create a good work schedule. Open the store when others close. If it's profitable, start working around the clock.
- Sell products that are not sold in neighboring stores. For example, fresh milk, goods on a natural basis.
- Take care of maintenance - it must be at a high level. Hire the work of real professionals, thoroughly owning their own business.
- Make sure that there are never any big queues in your institution.
Open a beer store
It should be noted that in 2008-2009 a huge number of stores of draft beer was opened. And all because these years were crisis, many people remained without work, that's why the majority decided to open their business.
If you decide to make money on draft beer, then you need to remember the main aspects. We provide you with step-by-step information instructions on how to open a beer store. The plan is very detailed and well-written.
- You need to register an IP.
- It is necessary to conclude a lease on the premises.
- Install a cash register that will stand in your store.
- Make a contract for its maintenance.
- Then you need to get permission to trade in the local administration department.
- Expect the visit of SES and firefighters.
Try to pay attention to the interior of the institution, it can be decorated in the style of a sports bar. If possible, hang a plasma TV on the wall. Thanks to this, visitors will have the opportunity to enjoy viewing sports broadcasts.
It is clear that the profit of any store depends on the trade mark-up, which, as a rule, is established by the entrepreneur himself.
- Wrapping expensive imported beer - about 30% per liter.
- Domestic - starting from 100%.
- The size of the trade mark-up on 1 beer keg is at least 2,000 rubles.
Then a liter of alcoholic beverage will cost from 60 to 250 rubles. Therefore, in the store draft beer will cost less than bottles.
The amount of expected profit
In the winter business with a draft beer costs. To trade it in the cold period is not very profitable. You practically can not get any income. But in the summer this business will flourish. In the heat, it will be possible to earn a net profit of about 300,000 rubles. If your point is located in a good crowded place, then the expected income can significantly increase.
And finally I would like to note: people who are engaged in business, always have the opportunity to earn. Most importantly, it is reasonable to approach the matter and not be afraid to face difficulties.