The study of the topic "The root of the word" falls on the program for the 2nd grade. Children learn to distinguish it in a word, to choose one-root examples.
In order for the student to understand the material well and to be able to memorize orthograms in the main morpheme, it is necessary to correctly explain the role that this part plays.
The process of memorizing rules and orthograms will also be important. Many teachers and methodologists advise teaching a child from primary school age not just to memorize the text of the rule, but to apply it in practice. Schemes play a huge role in rapid memorization. The child should read the rule, in the form of a scheme to write down the most important thing from it. The visual memory, which is developed most of all in children of school age, makes it possible to reproduce, apply what has been learned in practice.
What is the root and why does it need a word?
Students should clearly know and understand that the root of the word– This is the main morpheme, the general part of related words. This is the main lexical meaning of the word.
It is important to point out that single-root words should not only have a common morpheme, but also denote objects, signs, actions from one sphere.
For example: say, retell, story, fairy tale, express. The general part is -sas-, and the words denote "talk" or "narrate about something."
Or: transfer, nasal, skid, bridge of nose - will not be single-root, since their common morpheme -non-will give different lexical meanings.
Paired consonants in the root of the word
Teaching children to allocate correctly the main part of the word, the teacher should emphasize that in the Russian language there are 12 consonant sounds that form pairs between themselves.
This: d-t, zh-s, s-c, b-n, c-f, g-k - they can all alternate and at the root of the word, so it's important not only to remember them, but also to learn the rules by which you can check the spelling of the required letter.
Determine the correct spelling at the root can be, if you choose a verification option in which, after a dubious letter, there will be a vowel sound. For example: frost - frost, garden - gardens, watermelon - watermelons, path - road - these are two words. At the root of the word after the test, it's easy to put the right consonant, because everything immediately becomes clear.
But not every root of the word, ending in a consonant, can be checked in this way. Such exceptions are called vocabulary. For example: anecdote, pharmacy, astronaut, station, zigzag and others.
Variants of exercises for fixing the studied material
In order for the student to consolidate the acquired knowledge, he knew how to define pairs of words, in the root to find the letter necessary for verification, it is necessary to consolidate the studied material with the help of exercises.
For weaker pupils, it is better to hold the fixation in the form of a commented letter, explaining all the rules and showing how to select the test word.
For example, you can use the following words for a commented entry:
Slippery - glide, impertinent - bold, request - ask, frost - frost, skirt - skirt.
Exercises for strong students and home anchoring
Individual approach to each student is the key to the success of each teacher. Given that in each class there are strong and weak children, the teacher can offer work on cards to a certain group of schoolchildren. The same exercises are recommended for home fixing of the material.
1. Using only the first syllables of the recorded words, make a new word and check the dubious consonant, determine the root of the word.
- sleeve, shoe, carousel (shirt - shirt);
- zagrebat, ugly, Karina (mystery - mysterious);
- mole, wadded, porridge (cot - beds).
2. Write down the text and select the words in which you can not check the writing of paired consonants, and you need to remember them.
"Alexander came to school always with something tasty: mint gingerbread, bagels and sushki. I'm always going home and putting on the clothes. Early izmoro .. on the grass painted unusual patterns. Girls and boys ran around the field in bright and beautiful fu..boks. We saw how the master made from a large tree .. a beautiful and large lo .. ku. Our car was going at high speed, so we all held on to the seats. All the inhabitants of the country watched as the famous cosmonaut .. it landed on Earth. "
Paired consonants in the root of the word - this is the basic material that will later allow the student to write correctly, quickly check the questionable options during the dictation.