In the old days, many people are very afraid to visit the dentist. Now the examination and treatment proceed as painlessly as possible. However, some prejudices still exist. In particular, they involve such procedures as x-rays of the teeth. Many believe that it is unsafe for health, as this study involves the emission of dangerous radiation. Probably, many have seen smiling radiologists, who once again convince the patient that a tooth x-ray is a painless and harmless procedure, after which no one will get radiation sickness. It is worth figuring out whether such a study is harmful and how it is carried out.
X-ray of teeth: types
In some situations it is very difficult for a doctor to make a correct diagnosis and carry out treatment. To obtain the necessary information, an x-ray of the teeth is required. Photos of such a plan allows the dentist to avoid mistakes. In some large clinics, you can take the following pictures:
- Intraoral snapshot.
- Orthopantomogram - panoramic image.
- Cephalometric - side shot.
What is an intraoral image?
Often do intra-oral picture. This is the most common method of examination. Every person in my life makes at least a few shots. It is worth noting that after this examination the doctor receives detailed information. On this picture you can clearly see where the caries is localized, what form have and how are roots. In addition, intraoral x-ray allows one to determine the condition of the bone and periodontium, as well as to control the overall state of the oral cavity.
What are panoramic and side shots
In this case, in one shot, the entire mouth is clearly visible - the lower and upper jaws along with the teeth. To make such an examination requires a special device with a device that turns around the patient's head at a certain speed. At the same time, on the one hand, the device tube is moving, and on the other, the film on which recording is being carried out.
With such an x-ray of the teeth, the patient must remain motionless, since any movement will be reflected on the film in the form of a fogged area. More modern devices have special clamps and supports that allow you to fix the head of a person at the time of the survey. In addition, the patient may install a bite block in the oral cavity, which will not allow to compress the teeth.
Externally, devices for panoramic X-rays are huge machines. However, they are practically safe. Radiation from such a device is significantly less than during the intrarototal survey.
Lateral x-ray of the tooth, make one side of the head. Such a survey provides an excellent overview of the state of the tissues. Also in the photo is similar to plan well shows the location of the teeth and their roots. That is why these x-rays are used to plan therapy.
The main advantages of digital X-ray
Digital tooth X-ray has enormous advantages, among which the following should be highlighted:
- Shooting time is significantly reduced, which allows us to take a picture much faster.
- Significantly reduced radiation.
- The finished image can be processed graphically on the computer, and then compare with others. This allows to detect even minor differences, which are impossible to see.
- X-rays of the teeth can be saved in electronic form, archive, print, or send to specialist via e-mail.
How often can I take pictures?
- Computed radiovisiography - 500 images.
- On a good X-ray equipment - 100 shots.
- Film orthopantomogram - 40, digital - 80.
So is it possible to do an x-ray of the tooth, without fearing for your health? Of course! In case of emergency the patient can do daily images in intraoral radiology, and several times a month to carry out orthopantomogram.
It is worth noting that such procedures do not go beyond the permissible limits. Therefore, do not be afraid to do an x-ray of your teeth. The procedure is almost safe.
Should I X-ray Children?
In certain situations, you may need an x-ray of milk teeth. Such a procedure is allowed only if the dentist cannot make a complete picture of the disease. Naturally, it does not allow to prescribe the correct treatment. In some cases, it is very difficult to do without a snapshot, for example, when exacerbation of periodontitis, as well as during resection of the root apex.
Can I do x-rays to pregnant
Pregnancy is a crucial period for every woman. To prepare for this in advance. But if I had to treat teeth in pregnancy, then this is nothing to be done. Remember, without a special need, the dentist will prescribe an x-ray of the tooth. If the need to do that, it only says that the doctor is unable without such a study to make the correct diagnosis. Remember only that to do an x-ray in the first half of pregnancy is not worth it.
The patient must inform the doctor about her condition and indicate the exact date. After that, the dentist will decide whether to make the woman x-ray.
How do x-rays of the tooth, many people know. True, not everyone knows about security measures. In dentistry, during the procedure, parts of the body, head and neck should be screened with special protective products. This is one of the conditions.
X-ray safety is determined by three factors: distance, time, and shielding. During pregnancy, all three protective measures are applied. X-rays in the air decay into ions in literally seconds. 5. To avoid exposure, personnel should not enter the room where the device is located for a specified time.
As for the distance, the further away from the beam tube, the less he will receive a dose of radiation.
During pregnancy is an x-ray of teeth with all methods of protection. The safest way to do the on the radiovisiograph. This digital equipment allows to make the inspection as safe for the mother and child.
X-ray teeth when breastfeeding
It should be noted that such a survey during lactation is safe for a nursing woman and a child. If the procedure is carried out correctly and in compliance with all the rules, then you should not worry about radiation exposure.
So, how should the x-ray of the teeth be properly performed? There are several basic rules:
- A woman’s head, neck and torso must be closed with special lead aprons.
- Should be used only modern equipment, which allows to choose the optimal exposure for a particular tooth.
- Also, when x-rays should be used in film, E-class, which can significantly reduce radiation exposure. But better to do it the digital radiograph.