In the old days, many people are very afraid to visit the dentist. Now the examination and treatment proceed as painlessly as possible. However, some prejudices still exist. In particular, they involve such procedures as x-rays of the teeth. Many believe that it is unsafe for health, as this study involves the emission of dangerous radiation. Probably, many saw smiling radiologists, who once again convince the patient that the X-ray of the tooth is a painless and non-dangerous procedure, after which no one gets a radiation sickness. It is worthwhile to figure out whether such research is harmful and how it is conducted.
X-ray of the teeth: species
In some situations, it is very difficult for the doctor to correctly diagnose and treat. To get the necessary information, you need to do an x-ray of teeth. A photo of such a plan allows you to avoid dentist mistakes. In some large clinics you can take the following pictures:
- Intraoral shot.
- Orthopantomogram is a panoramic image.
- Cephalometric - lateral photograph.
What is an intraoral image
Often do intra-oral picture. This is the most common method of examination. Every person in my life makes at least a few shots. It is worth noting that after this examination the doctor receives detailed information. On this picture you can clearly see where the caries is localized, what form have and how are roots. In addition, intraoral x-ray allows one to determine the condition of the bone and periodontium, as well as to control the overall state of the oral cavity.
What are panoramic and side pictures
In this case, the entire mouth can be seen in one picture - the lower and upper jaws together with the teeth. To make such a survey, you need a special device that has a device that makes a turn around the patient's head at a certain rate. At the same time, the tube of the device moves from one side, and from the second - the film to which the recording is performed.
With this x-ray of the teeth, the patient must remain immobile, since any movement will be reflected on the film in the form of a fogged area. More modern devices have special fixatives and supports that allow the person's head to be fixed for the duration of the examination. In addition, the patient can install a bite block into the oral cavity, which will not allow clenching the teeth.
Externally, the devices for panoramic X-rays are huge machines. However, they are practically safe. The radiation from such a device is much smaller than when carrying out VTT.
Lateral x-ray of the tooth, make one side of the head. Such a survey provides an excellent overview of the state of the tissues. Also in the photo is similar to plan well shows the location of the teeth and their roots. That is why these x-rays are used to plan therapy.
The main advantages of digital X-ray
Digital X-ray of the tooth has huge advantages, among which is the following:
- The shooting time is significantly reduced, which allows you to take a picture much faster.
- Significantly reduces radiation.
- The finished image can be processed graphically on the computer, and then compare with others. This allows to detect even minor differences, which are impossible to see.
- X-rays of the teeth can be saved in electronic form, archive, print, or send to specialist via e-mail.
How often can I take pictures?
- Computer radiovisiography - 500 shots.
- On good X-ray equipment - 100 shots.
- Film orthopantomogram - 40, digital - 80.
So is it possible to do an x-ray of the tooth, without fearing for your health? Of course! In case of emergency the patient can do daily images in intraoral radiology, and several times a month to carry out orthopantomogram.
It is worth noting that such procedures do not go beyond the permissible limits. Therefore, do not be afraid to do an x-ray of teeth. The procedure is almost safe.
Is it worth doing an X-ray to children
In certain situations, you may need x-rays of baby teeth. This procedure is allowed only if the dentist can not make a complete picture of the disease. Naturally, this does not allow the appointment of the right treatment. In some cases it is very difficult to do without a picture, for example, during an exacerbation of periodontitis, and also when resecting the tip of the root.
Can I make an X-ray to pregnant women?
Pregnancy is a crucial period for every woman. To prepare for this in advance. But if I had to treat teeth in pregnancy, then this is nothing to be done. Remember, without a special need, the dentist will prescribe an x-ray of the tooth. If the need to do that, it only says that the doctor is unable without such a study to make the correct diagnosis. Remember only that to do an x-ray in the first half of pregnancy is not worth it.
The patient must tell the doctor about his condition and indicate the exact time. After that, the dentist will decide if it is worth doing an X-ray to a woman.
Many people know how x-rays of a tooth are made. True, not everyone knows about security measures. In dentistry during the procedure, you should screen parts of the trunk, head and neck with special protective products. This is one of the conditions.
X-ray safety is determined by three factors: distance, time and screening. When pregnancy is used, all three measures of protection. X-rays in the air decompose into ions in just seconds. 5. To avoid exposure, personnel should not enter the cabinet where the device is located, within the specified time.
As for the distance, the further away from the beam tube, the less he will receive a dose of radiation.
During pregnancy is an x-ray of teeth with all methods of protection. The safest way to do the on the radiovisiograph. This digital equipment allows to make the inspection as safe for the mother and child.
X-ray of teeth during breast-feeding
It is worth noting that such a survey during lactation is safe for both the lactating woman and the baby. If the procedure is carried out correctly and with the observance of all the rules, then you do not have to worry about the radiation load.
So, how to properly X-ray teeth? There are several basic rules:
- The head, neck and trunk of a woman must necessarily be closed with special lead aprons.
- Should be used only modern equipment, which allows to choose the optimal exposure for a particular tooth.
- Also, when x-rays should be used in film, E-class, which can significantly reduce radiation exposure. But better to do it the digital radiograph.