The first information about the miraculous icon
The first information about this miraculous icon refers to the beginning of the XII century. It is known that it was kept in the chapel, near the legendary city of Kitezh, in the Gorodetsky monastery. It lasted until the hordes of Batyi passed through the Russian lands. Gorodets, and with it the monastery, were completely looted and burned. The miraculous image disappeared without a trace. Those who were lucky enough to survive the invasion of the Tatars, believed that he was hopelessly lost, but after a while what happened is now called the first of his famous miracles.
By the will of the Creator, having survived the fires in the fires, the image was again revealed to the Russian land. Legends present us with several versions of this event, and they are named after various historical persons who were first to receive the newly acquired shrine, but one thing is certain - the Queen of Heaven witnessed her relentless help and support to everyone who with deep faith hopes her
The acquisition of the image of Prince Vasily
In connection with this event, Prince Vasiliy Kostroma is most often mentioned. It is told that once during a hunt, he saw the image of the Mother of God in the branches of a tree. With great honor and accompanied by the clergy, the find was moved to Kostroma and placed in the city church. There were those who immediately recognized the image in this icon, which was believed to have died in a fire.
Soon another miracle happened, which served as a pretext for calling the icon as it is accepted today. One day, the astounded inhabitants of Kostroma witnessed how a certain wonderful warrior, in the form of the holy great martyr Fyodor Stratelita, marched through the city, carrying the newly acquired icon in his hands. It was from that time that she began to be called - the icon of the Mother of God of Fedorov.
New disasters and wonders
Further, the church tradition tells about new disasters that befell the inhabitants of Kostroma, and about new manifestations of miraculous forces. Thus, it is mentioned that soon after the icon was found, the wooden church where it was located burned down, but when inconsolable townspeople began to rake the still smoking ashes, they suddenly found a completely whole and uninjured image. And this was not the last time that the icon of the Mother of God of Fedorov miraculously remained untouched by fire.
In those days, buildings in Russia were built most often of wood, because the fires were not uncommon. After some time flared and the newly rebuilt Cathedral Church. When the townspeople rushed to save from the fire his Shrine, then suddenly saw the icon, slowly rising from the fire, hung in the air and were ready forever to dissolve in the sky. It became clear that the Queen of Heaven leaves them for the sins committed by the people. All fell on his knees and tearfully repented before the Shrine. Only after that icon, drifted in the air, fell on the town square.
Rescue of Kostroma from the Tatars
It is difficult to list all the miracles manifested by the Virgin through this miraculous image of her. It is enough to recall how in 1260, when hordes of Tatars again approached the city, the icon saved Kostroma from inevitable death. Rendered at the hands of the city’s defenders from the temple, she blinded the enemies with a powerful radiance emanating from her. The horrified enemies rushed to flee and never returned. By order of Prince Vasily, the icon was installed in the Assumption Cathedral of Kostroma and decorated with a precious riza. There she remained until 1929. An akathist to the Fedorov icon of the Mother of God was composed.
Construction of the reign of Mikhail Fedorovich
But the most striking event of Russian history, in which the icon of the Mother of God Fedorovskaya played a crucial role, was the ascension to the reign of the founder of the Romanov dynasty, Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich. It is known for certain that the embassy of the Zemsky Sobor, which had arrived from Moscow to Kostroma, and which had the goal of announcing to the young Mikhail the great mission entrusted to it, brought with it two icons - the Virgin of Vladimir and an icon of the Moscow wonderworkers.
Residents of Kostroma, meeting the embassy with the Fedorov Icon, went to the Ipatiev Monastery located nearby, where he was at that time with his mother, the nun Matryona, the future sovereign. It is known how stubbornly the mother and son resisted the acceptance of the royal scepter, and only by the will of the Queen of Heaven, imprinted on the miraculous icon, their consent was obtained.
It was before the Fedorov icon that the nun Matryon fell on her knees, blessing the son of Mikhail Fedorovich in the kingdom. It happened in a memorable year of 1613. He put an end to a difficult period in the history of the country - Time of Troubles. From this year began the three hundred year countdown of the reign of the reigning house of the Romanovs.
Icon stored by the dispensation of God
In the twentieth century, with all its turmoil and troubles, God's Providence was saved Fedorovskaya icon of the Mother of God. What helps people the Holy virgin? What I ask of her in fervent prayer. Here and saved your most pure image, heeding the pleas of many Orthodox Christians who suffered in the era of atheistic Communist persecution.
Nowadays, this miraculous image is kept in the Kostroma Cathedral, and in St. Petersburg the temple of the Fedorovsky Icon of the Mother of God opens its doors daily and restored. It is located in the city center, near Nevsky Prospect, and is always full of people. People come here to pray in front of one of the lists of icons, also glorified by miracles. As stated in the Gospel, everyone receives according to his faith. The true believer brings his help and the Fedorov icon of the Mother of God.
What helps it and what it is customary to ask?
Before the Holy Theotokos before this her image can be addressed with any requests - the Lady of Heaven will hear them, and if that is her will, it will help. But most often the prayer of the Feodor icon of the Mother of God is offered by women during pregnancy and childbirth. It is especially necessary to ask for her help in cases where, for one reason or another, childbirth can be difficult. As in all cases of life, there is no more reliable support and protection than the Pokrov of the Most Pure Mother of God and her help, manifested through miraculous icons, one of which is named after Fedorov.