The smallest town in the world (in area and population) is located in Croatia and is called the Hum. This status, he officially received from the representatives of Guinness Book of records in 2001. Then there was officially reported a total of 13 residents. As of today, the Hum can be called a typical medieval town, part of the buildings which have survived to the present day in its original form.
The history of this village is almost one thousand years old. The beginning of its existence was laid in 1040, when the castle appeared on the ruins of the ruined ancient defensive Roman fortress. Immediately around it, several residential buildings were built. If we talk about the first written references to it, then they date back to the twelfth century. Then Hum was considered an important local cultural, administrative, economic and defensive center. At the same time, there is a peak in its development. As of the sixteenth century, there were already more than 300 people living here.
For all time of its existence, the smallest town in the world has been in power in Italy, France, Austria and Yugoslavia. Moreover, it was repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt. The most difficult period in its history came in 1612, when the Hum was burnt completely. In the nineteenth century by the construction of the Church of the assumption of Mary completed the formation of its present appearance.
Speaking about what is the smallest city in the world, one should emphasize that it acquired its present outlines in the Middle Ages. Hum is located on the very top of the hill. It is girded with an ancient fortress wall, which is well preserved to the present day. Outside of it, no local buildings have ever left. Here there are only one gate through which it is possible to get inside. They were erected in 1562 and slightly updated with time. Places on the territory of the city are sufficient only for twenty small houses, located on two stone lanes, and cemeteries.
As noted above, the Hum is the smallest city in the world by population. As of today it is officially registered only 25 inhabitants. Despite its small size, there are all the necessary attributes of a modern city, which include two churches, post office, Central square, Museum, shop, wine, Souvenirs and local handicraft. The owners of two houses rent their homes to tourists to rent.
Art lovers is the smallest town in the world can please their original frescos, most of which were established in the late twelfth century. They are in the Church of the Holy Jerolim and mainly devoted to the fragments of the cycle of the passion of Christ. Their uniqueness lies in the fact that in a single whole harmoniously combined influences of Byzantine and Romanesque arts.
Another local attraction is the city's iron gates. They are bound with copper and decorated with twelve antique medallions, each of which is a symbol of one month of the year and depicts typical agricultural work. It is impossible not to mention the inscription on them that invites people who arrived with good intentions and threatens persons with an unclean conscience.
Separate words deserves the ceremony of the election of the mayor, which is held annually in mid-June. The right to run for mayor have only men, who are residents of not only the huma, but the 33 surrounding villages. Their voices voters vote by applying chipping to Mace one of the candidates. This whole process is accompanied by cheerful dances and music. Many tourists visit the smallest town in the world solely for the sake of participation in this event. Whatever it was, the mayor here is very symbolic. Usually the local mayor is the main work, and choose it only for the fact that he participated in various official ceremonies and helped to settle disputes between local residents.
According to the old legend, Hum arose as a result of jokes of giants. Believe it says that when they built several cities in the valley of the Mirna River, they decided to have some fun and laid down the castle of several remaining stones.
The smallest city in the world consists of only two streets, so it's impossible to get lost in it.
Absolutely all the inhabitants of Huma are now relatives.
In addition to 25 people officially registered here, other people live in the city, but they leave for work elsewhere. The townspeople themselves exist mainly at the expense of tourists.
In Hume, a unique home made drink - brandy, which is called Humska Bisca. It is a tincture on various herbs with medicinal properties, made according to the Celtic recipe, whose age is 2 thousand years. The fortress of alcohol is 38 degrees. Local residents argue that it is useful for Khumsk to drink not only to the sick, but also to fully healthy people.