Mechanical removal of weeds in the garden – the work is very time-consuming and often not very effective. After some time in the garden again with plants, depriving the vegetable crops so they need nutrients. The thing is that even with the most careful weeding in the ground are still small the roots of the weeds, giving the crop. A way out of this situation only one to use special chemicals designed to kill the unwanted in the garden or yard plants entirely. Called a means of weed herbicide and is sold in any specialty store. Also, there are less effective but also less harmful to soil and cultivated plants "popular" analog of these drugs – the usual vinegar and salt.
At the moment to fight garden weeds use only two types of herbicides:
- Selective. Such means operate selectively on one or the other type of weeds.
- Non selective. The herbicides of this variety being made in the ground, destroying all vegetation, without exception.
Different herbicides and principle of action. To penetrate into plant tissue remedy weed (instructions on herbicide application is discussed below) may:
- through the leaves to the root
- through the leaves and soil in all plant parts, including seeds
- only through the soil.
Recently also developed drugs that destroy moss and saturating the soil with beneficial micro - and macronutrients.
In addition, herbicides may be contact or systemic. The first kind of drugs has a devastating impact on the weed only in direct contact with the parts. Systemic herbicides once they reach the leaves, penetrate into the tissue and spread through him, destroying all the parts of the weed, including the roots and stems.
“Folk” remedy, vinegar with salt, also classified as a herbicide, can be attributed to the system of shared actions.
There is a huge amount of a herbicide of this type, perfectly coping with the weeds. Very often gardeners use to clean beds, for example, "Zenkor", "Foxtrot", "Eraser", "Super Puma", "Lapis".
Using any means from weeds in the area, it is obligatory to comply with the specified in the instructions for use dosage. At too high concentrations, these drugs can have a negative impact on the soil and on cultivated plants.
The principle of operation and use
In the part of selective herbicides are substances that suppress the development of plant tissues and causing their extinction. This can be, for example, inhibitors of ass. These substances prevent the formation in the tissues of the plant body fat, causing their cells stop growing. Also, selective herbicides can contain different kinds of elements that mimic plant hormones.
Any remedy for the weeds, of course, must be used. Most often, treatment of areas with herbicides is performed by spraying. The solution can be poured, for example, in the spray bottle. Treating weeds preferably in calm weather, trying not to fall on crops. Spraying should be chosen in such a way that within 24 days after it had rained.
Selective herbicide "2,4-D"
This drug is considered the most effective means of selective action. It is used for weed control since 1940. At the moment, on the basis of "2,4-D" was created more than 22 herbicides have been successfully used in agriculture. The main active ingredient of this drug is 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. It is a white crystalline substance. The herbicide "2,4-D" sredneroslye and belongs to the second class of danger.
The growth of weed plants after treatment with this medicine is stopped after a few hours. Available herbicide "2.4-D" 50 - and 61-percent solutions, as well as 70 - and 72% concentrate. It is used mainly for control of annual dicotyledonous weeds in crops of wheat and corn.
The best herbicides for vegetable garden
For the treatment of raised beds with tomatoes, peas and potato plots often use this drug as "Agritex". This herbicide has a deleterious effect on weeds such as deadnettle, nettle, shepherd's purse, cornflower, dandelion, wild radish, strelolist etc.
Cucumbers and others pumpkin, you can spray preparations or Bensulide Halosulfuron. For carrot perfect "Linuron". Herbicide "Lapis" is used for all types of vegetable crops.
The best remedy for weeds in your lawn
The most popular means intended for treatment of the lawns is the herbicide of selective action "Lontrel-300D". This tool is very effective in the control of annual and perennial weeds. With its use you can clear the lawn of these types of herbs as sow Thistle, Molokans Tatar, knotweed, cornflower, mother and stepmother, beans, chamomile, and most importantly – stubborn dandelion. While lawn grasses grasses it does not cause absolutely no harm.
Preparations common actions
The herbicides of this kind are usually not used for spraying seed beds, and for weeding in the yard, the edges of the lawn along paths, etc. Can be also treated with these drugs the ground in early spring before planting crops. Completely removed from the soil they for about a month. The main active ingredient of herbicides of General validity is most often ferrous sulfate.
Processing of non-selective drugs also typically by spraying. Some herbicides are selective, and common actions are available in dry form. Them or diluted with water or dispersed on site (on wet ground).
This is the most popular remedy weed continuous action. In plant tissues it is present in 5-10 days. Around the same time the leaves appear the first signs of defeat. The weeds die about a month after spraying. It is best to handle the “Roundalay” plants in Sunny warm weather. While grass mowing is not necessary. The greater the vegetative activity of the weed, the faster it will spread through its parts "Roundel", and the faster it will die.
To work the land before planting garden crops (vegetables, potatoes, melons, oilseeds, etc.), as well as for the complete destruction of the grass along walkways, fence or yard drug "Roundel" diluted at a ratio of 80-120 ml per liter of water. Spraying or pouring are produced at the rate of 5 litres per 100 m2.
This is another popular medication often used by gardeners. This herbicide is sold usually in bottles. The manufacturer recommends spraying diluted in three liters of water means. However, experienced gardeners suggest the use of the herbicide "Tornado" a bit differently. Not to damage other plants, the drug should be diluted in a bucket. Processing is produced by using a broom, gently, "lubricating" solution of the weed.
The best remedy: vinegar & salt
Of course, the purchase of herbicides – preparations effective and simple to use. However, there are such tools are usually quite expensive. In addition, use of the garden some chemicals most gardeners prefer as little as possible.
Therefore, many owners of country stations are trying to replace store-bought herbicides "popular" means. As the most simple and safe normally used acetic acid. For spraying the beds most often use it 5 percent solution.
To process yard you can use the more efficient "folk" remedy for weeds vinegar and salt. To prepare a herbicide in the following manner:
- in a bucket filled with 3.8 liters of vinegar 9%
- there poured half a Cup of salt
- add a little liquid soap
- stir everything thoroughly.
Used means of weed with vinegar in exactly the same way as chemical drugs. Carry out spraying should be very careful. To prevent drops of the spray got on cultivated plants, it is impossible. The best time for treatment is early in the morning.
Usually for the destruction of weeds is white vinegar. You can also take Apple cider. Cottagers who have decided to use this "popular" herbicide, you should know that in large quantities it can wash out of the land of nutrients.
"Popular" means of weed: reviews
Use vinegar to remove unwanted plants in the yards and in the garden many gardeners. However, the reviews about it online rather contradictory. What do they say about this tool from weeds? Vinegar with salt in no way affects the chemical composition of the soil have no harmful effects, because it quickly decomposes to carbon dioxide and water, considered alone. For others, the process of digestion takes a lot of time and the use of vinegar may negatively affect plant yields. But in any case, the processing should be extremely cautious. One should not pour vinegar on the ground. The processing is carried out strictly according to the sheets.
Of course, some damage vinegar ground strikes anyway. However, the same "Tornado" and "Randal" harmless can also be considered unlikely. Are they much more expensive, and the effect of their application is almost the same.
What is the best remedy against weeds is to solve, of course, by the owners of the suburban area. Some people prefer the purchase of chemical drugs, and someone may prefer the "popular" vinegar. In any case, the use of herbicides helps to save time on mechanical weeding. But, of course, to use such compounds should “wisely”. Or together with the weed you can “release” a kitchen garden and cultivated plants.