The Russian Federation ranks fourth in the world in the number of cities in the country. In recent years there has been a good trend, as the number of large cities is growing, compared to heavy nineties. It is necessary to consider why the indicator is so important, and what is the number of cities of Russia.
What cities of Russia?
The so-called cities of the Russian Federation within the administrative-territorial features of the population of over one million people. They are also called cities-millionaires, or cities. Such agglomeration are an important indicator of the development of the country. Major cities are expanding their boundaries, which leads to influx of population and the development of new territories. Due to this increased demand for goods and services, which in turn contributes to the emergence of new businesses, retailers and others. This eventually leads to the formation of a large number of new jobs. Improving the overall economic situation, resulting in revived and the banking sector. Cities of Russia is very important for the state as a whole and for their own and neighboring regions. They are industrial, economic, educational, cultural, logistic and transport centres of the country and very attractive for investment. However, an important factor is their population.
Population growth and decrease
Due to which these processes occur? In the first place is the birth rate and death rate. This natural increase and population decline. Over the last ten years the mortality rate in Russia dropped significantly, and the birth rate is rather increased, thus, the natural population growth increased, which is a positive dynamics. For cities are also important migration. Primarily it is the students who go to large cities for higher education. It often happens that after the training they remain to live and work there. Also in big cities go in search of prospects in work, what is missing in smaller settlements where there is a lack of jobs. This trend has both positive and negative, in the form of outflow of promising students and professionals from the region.
Cities of Russia: list for 2015
According to the latest data, the number of megacities of Russia – 15 administrative-territorial units. Multimillionaires by population are Moscow and Saint Petersburg, which is home to more than 12 and 5 million people respectively. In the list they occupy first and second places. More than half a million people live in Novosibirsk, is in third place. Ekaterinburg, located on the fourth place by quantity of the population, a little short to reach half a million. Nizhny Novgorod and Kazan inhabits 1 200 000 people, and they are on fifth and sixth places. Positive dynamics of population growth show almost all cities of Russia. The list continues Chelyabinsk (seventh) and Omsk (eighth place). Samara is one of the few cities where the dynamics of population growth is negative, so this year it dropped to ninth place. The tenth largest city of Russia is Rostov-on-don. It is also in the list of leaders in population density. Ufa occupies the eleventh place in the list, and Krasnoyarsk – twelfth. Perm this year was on the thirteenth place. Not so long ago became a millionaire Voronezh has risen to 14th place, and experiencing this year depopulation Volgograd closes the list of cities of the Russian Federation.
A bit of history
The first megacity of the country was St. Petersburg in 1890, when it was the capital of the Russian Empire. In fact, the urban population began to grow in the second half of the XIX century in connection with the abolition of serfdom, the migration of rural residents to cities, and industrial development. After the end of the century, and Moscow has received this status. But a sharp jump in the development of megacities came to the Soviet era. At that time the cities had various privileges in the allocation of resources and public goods, the construction of the metro. Novosibirsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Yekaterinburg, Samara, Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Perm, Kazan, Ufa, Rostov-on-don, and Volgograd became millionaires in the Soviet times. That is, at the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union there were 13 such cities. Unfortunately, in the 90-ies of the last century, in connection with trudnostyami transition period, the population of megacities-cities of Russia began to wane. Increased mortality, worsened living conditions, many emigrated out of the country. However, now the cities of Russia are growing again and grows.