The Russian Federation ranks fourth in the world in the number of million-plus cities in the country. In recent years there has been a good trend, as the number of large cities is growing, compared to the heavy nineties. It is worth considering why the indicator is so important, and what the number of million-plus cities in Russia.
What are million cities of Russia?
These are the cities of the Russian Federation, where more than one million people live within the administrative-territorial line. They are also called millionaire cities, or megacities. Such agglomerations are an important indicator of a country's development. Large cities are expanding their borders, which leads to an influx of population and the development of new territories. Due to this, the city is increasing the demand for goods and services, which, in turn, contributes to the emergence of new enterprises, retail chains and other things. This ultimately leads to the formation of a large number of new jobs. The overall economic situation is improving, as a result of which the banking sector is reviving. The million-plus cities of Russia are very important both for the state as a whole and for its own and neighboring regions. They are industrial, economic, educational, cultural, logistic and transport centers of the country and very attractive for investments. However, an important formative factor is precisely their population.
Population growth and decline
How do these processes occur? First of all, it is birth rate and death rate. This is a natural increase and decrease in population. Over the past ten years, the mortality rate in Russia has decreased significantly, and the birth rate, on the contrary, has increased, thus the natural population growth has increased, which is a positive trend. For million-plus cities, migration growth is also important. First of all, these are students who travel to major cities for higher education. Often, after training, they remain to live and work there. They also go to large cities in search of job prospects, which is lacking in smaller settlements, where there are not enough jobs. This trend has both a positive and a negative side, in the form of an outflow of promising students and professional personnel from the region.
Cities-millionaires of Russia: list for 2015
According to the latest data, the number of million-plus cities in Russia is 15 administrative-territorial units. The multimillionaires in terms of population are Moscow and St. Petersburg, with more than 12 and 5 million people, respectively. In the list they occupy the first and second places. More than one and a half million people live in Novosibirsk, this is the third place. Ekaterinburg, which is in fourth place in terms of population, is a little short of a half million. Nizhny Novgorod and Kazan inhabit 1,200,000 people, and they are in fifth and sixth places. The positive dynamics of population growth show almost all of the million-plus cities in Russia. The list continues to Chelyabinsk (seventh) and Omsk (eighth place). Samara is one of the few megacities where the dynamics of population growth is negative, so this year it dropped to ninth place. The tenth largest city in Russia is Rostov-on-Don. He is also in the list of leaders in population density. Ufa takes the eleventh place in the list, and Krasnoyarsk - the twelfth. Perm this year was on the thirteenth place. Voronezh, which had recently become a millionaire, has risen to 14th place, and Volgograd, which is experiencing depopulation this year, closes the list of million-plus cities of the Russian Federation.
A bit of history
The first millionaire city in the country was St. Petersburg in 1890, when it was the capital of the Russian Empire. Actually, the urban population began to grow in the second half of the XIX century due to the abolition of serfdom, the migration of rural residents to the cities, as well as industrial development. Following the end of the century, Moscow received this status. But a sharp jump in the development of megacities fell on the era of the USSR. At that time such cities had various privileges in the distribution of resources and public goods, the construction of the metro. Novosibirsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Yekaterinburg, Samara, Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Perm, Kazan, Ufa, Rostov-on-Don and Volgograd became millionaires back in Soviet times. That is, at the time of the collapse of the Union, there were 13 such cities. Unfortunately, in the 90s of the last century, due to the difficulties of the transition period, the population of million-cities of Russia declined. Mortality increased, living conditions deteriorated, many emigrated from the country. However, now the million-plus cities of Russia are growing again, and there are more of them.