At first glance, go (goes) to the verb, understanding and translation of which seem extremely simple. However, the list of possible meanings and significances beyond indicate movement. In addition, there are a lot of collocations and phraseologisms, which opens up new semantic shades of the word.
Go (goes) – a verb that refers to the most common words. Surely even people who start learning English, known for a translation of this word as “go”, “go”. However, the range of values is much wider. And for correct interpretation it is necessary to pay attention to the context.
Different translations of the word go:
- to go, to walk
- to leave, to leave, to go
- to be (in a certain state)
- to go (on the clock)
- sold (for given price)
- to be in circulation (banknotes, coins)
- go, disappear, be lost, disappear
- to read, speak, verb
- be cancelled, abolished
- to fail.
This is an incomplete list of various options. When translating it is important to understand what is the meaning involves one or another of the English statement, and then translate it into their native language so that it sounded natural.
The translations presented in the previous section, is illustrated in the examples:
- She always goes hungry. – She's always hungry (going hungry).
- Everything goes better than we expected. – Everything goes better than we expected.
- The clouds have gone. The clouds dissipated.
- I thought that she went mad. – I thought she was crazy.
- He goes by steamboat. – He sails on the boat.
Forms and conjugation
Go belongs to the category of irregular verbs. That is, the conjugation differs from the standard. The first thing to learn is three forms: go, went, gone.
Went – verb form, which is found only in the past indefinite period of time. Usually used in cases when you need to say about any fait accompli, without indicating the duration, period of time or result. To specify a specific period of time or need to focus on duration, use the time of Continuous. If the fact that was discussed entailed the result in the present Perfect is used.
Group perfect times uses the past participle – gone (the form of the verb given in the third column of table of Irregular verbs). All this is remembered very easily. The main thing is to understand the education system of the time in the English language. Another important fact: go (goes) – a verb that is used only in the active voice. In passive it is not used. For clarity, the use of the verb in all tenses presented in the table.
would have been going
Phrasal verb go in combination with prepositions and adverbs
Phrasal verbs – a characteristic peculiar to the English language. This phrase, including the verb and the postposition (preposition or adverb). In this regard, the basic meaning of the original word is changed partially or completely. This is the main difficulty of phrasal verbs. Literal translation can not convey the meaning of the phrase, so studying these collocations should be given special attention.
1) walk, walk
2) to circulate, to spread (rumors, news, etc.)
3) to undertake the work,
to do without something
In applying the above phrases in their daily speech, follow the correct use. Remember about changing faces: go – goes (verb in the third person, in combination with the pronouns he, she, it), tenses (e.g., went – simple past) etc.
Stable word combinations
In English, as in any other language, there is such a thing as stable expression. This phrase is an indivisible unit, which when translated is considered as one. One of the most common mistakes made by beginners, is an attempt to translate each word separately, and then combining the resulting options, to understand the meaning. However, in many cases, this method is inappropriate. Such examples include phrasal verbs, idioms, idioms. Such an expression you need to remember and, if possible, to include in your active vocabulary, applying in everyday speech. Here are some examples:
- as fast as one can
– all the legs that have the strength
along on the way
by – with years, with time, after (many) years
now - under the circumstances, with the current state of affairs;
forward – in the future,
to be fit, ready-to-use
– to move back and forth, back and forth
- Here, take it, take it;
in one approach, time sitting
it comes out
go well – go well.
Here are not a complete list of all kinds of steady speed with the verb to go. However, these phrases are most commonly used in everyday speech media and in the literature of English-speaking countries.
Exercises with answers
After reading any of the theoretical material, it is desirable to work out their knowledge into practice. One of the effective methods is exercise.
Translated into English, substituting the verb go in the correct form. Keep in mind that some proposals will come across phrasal verbs.
- She went for a walk.
- Before I went out every night.
- I do (are addicted to) music.
- These red gloves are not come to that green dress.
- I want to go back.
To fill in the blanks, substituting go/goes, the verb in the past tense (went) or Present Perfect (has gone):
- She. by train. "She's on the train."
- I wanted to buy this necklace, but the prices. up. Now it is too expensive for me. "I wanted to buy this necklace, but the prices went up." Now this is too expensive for me.
- He used. to this school. - He used to go to this school.
- You had better. back to your house. You would be better to return home.
- The milk. bad. "The milk is spoiled."
- She went for a walk.
- I used to go out every night.
- I go in for music.
- The red gloves do not go with that green dress.
- I want to go back.
This topic is quite easy to understand. But it is important to automate the use of the verb in different tenses, and to learn a few expressions that are including them in your vocabulary. The best ways of learning is the study of the exercise and making our own sentences with the phrases that you intend to remember.