Communication is an important process of human interaction with the environment. Since deaf-and-dumb people cannot communicate in our usual language, they use a special communication tool.
What is a deaf-and-dumb language?
Language for the deaf-and-dumb is an artificially created way of communication between members of society who are unable to speak and perceive speech by ear. This method is based on sign language and has deep roots.
A brief excursion into the history of sign language
Today, there remains an unresolved question of what appeared earlier: sound speech or gesticulation. Although many references indicate that sign language was used earlier than sound. Proof of this are cave paintings and many other archaeological objects. Gesturing was used not only in the presence of speech deficiencies, but was also a major ritual component in some tribes. For example, before a woman who lost her husband had to speak with gestures for exactly one year. Deaf-and-dumb language was also actively used by monks in the Middle Ages. And this is not surprising, because sign language makes it possible to communicate without breaking the vow of silence.
Today, sign language has not such a high social status as sound. It is used to communicate mainly by people who have problems with the speech apparatus. Thus, he lost his generally accepted character.
What is the difference between sign language and sound language?
In fact, the sound language is less effective than the language of the deaf-and-dumb. Words in an audio language are expressed using phonemes, the minimum units of speech that represent sounds. A separate sound is used to designate each letter. In gestures, individual gestures can indicate both individual letters and whole words, which is a very convenient way of presenting information. Also, the habitual way of communication is verbal (with the use of words), and the deaf-and-dumb language - non-verbal (without the use of words, but using symbols, gestures).
In fact, each of us uses a non-verbal method of communication almost every day. The way a person looks, sits, walks, gestures, characterizes him as a person. If a deaf-and-dumb person cannot use the usual way of communication, we can easily use the sign language of the deaf-and-dumb. Learning will not take a lot of energy, but it will provide an opportunity to speak a language that is less understandable to those around you, and also understand the speech of the deaf and dumb.
Where is sign language used?
There is an opinion that non-verbal communication is used only by deaf-and-dumb people to transfer information between themselves. But this statement is extremely erroneous. Deaf-and-dumb language is used in many spheres of human activity. Any person to make speech more expressive uses gestures. They can be both understood by the interlocutor, and hidden from understanding, but they carry specific information about the psychological state of a person.
You can often see that in the news, besides sound and writing, information is shown using gestures. Information is provided by a special announcer who perfectly knows sign language and can instantly translate text from an ordinary language into a sign language.
Gestures are also used by divers and astronauts, because they work where it is impossible to speak with the help of sounds due to the lack of oxygen. Cinema, theater, translation, politics, medicine - these are all areas in which the use of a special type of communication is possible, and this list can be supplemented forever. But the most important thing is that having learned sign language, we will make the life of deaf-and-dumb people a little easier, because each of us needs communication. How to learn the language of the deaf-and-dumb? Tutorial - the best tool.
Differences in the language of the deaf-and-dumb
Each language system has a complex structure. The language of the deaf-and-dumb is no exception. Teaching this language should include an understanding that for each country and even a separate region the rules of the language will be different. Sign language uses gestures to signify specific words as well as individual letters. The method of naming individual letters is more common, and individual gestures indicate only the most common words. Also in the language of the deaf and dumb one or two hands can be used.
Learning such a system may also differ. The big problem is the fact that in different countries and regions the language of the deaf-and-dumb is significantly different, and there is no any single system of the language of the deaf and dumb, which makes it difficult to learn.
How to learn the language of the deaf-and-dumb?
Knowledge of any language is a very useful skill that helps us in all spheres of activity. Today, learning any language is easy, the main thing is to strive for it. There is no exception and sign language deaf. Learning can begin with the selection of video materials, viewing tables with an indication of what character indicates a particular letter.
There are also specially designed sites for learning the language of the deaf-and-dumb. On these sites, not only the material is submitted, but also the task is given to verify the material learned. Thus the theory is supported by practice. Many groups in social networks are focused on learning sign language, but this way of presenting information should be used only when some of the basics of sign language are already known. With the help of specialized groups, you can receive new information every day. If you need to quickly learn the language of the deaf-and-dumb, a tutorial can help with this. Usually, in tutorials material is presented in a structured way, and this makes understanding the structure of sign language easy.