Communication is an important process of human interaction with the environment. Since deaf-mute people can not communicate in the language that is familiar to us, they use a special communication tool.
What is a deaf-mute tongue?
The language for the deaf-mutes is an artificially created way of communication between members of society who are not able to talk and receive speech by ear. This method is based on sign language and has deep roots.
A short digression into the history of sign language
Today, the question of what has appeared before is unresolved: sound speech or gesticulation. Although many references indicate that sign language was used earlier than sound speech. The rock paintings and many other archaeological objects serve as a proof of this. Gesticulation was used not only in the presence of speech deficiencies, but also was the main ritual component in some tribes. For example, earlier a woman who lost her husband had to talk with gestures for exactly a year. The deaf and dumb language was also actively used by monks during the Middle Ages. And this is not surprising, because sign language allows you to communicate without violating the vow of silence.
Today, sign language does not have such a high social status as sound. It is used for communication mainly by those people who have problems with the speech device. Thus, he lost his generally accepted character.
What is the difference between sign language and sound language?
In fact, the sound language is less effective than the language of deaf-mutes. Words in the sound language are expressed using phonemes, the minimum units of speech that display sounds. A separate sound is used to designate each letter. In gesture, individual gestures can denote both individual letters and whole words, which is a very convenient way of submitting information. Also, the usual way of communication is verbal (with the use of words), and the deaf-mute language - non-verbal (without the use of words, but with the use of symbols, gestures).
In fact, each of us uses a nonverbal mode of communication almost every day. The way a person looks, sits, walks, gestures, characterizes him as a person. If a deaf-mute person can not use the usual way of communicating with us, then we can easily use the sign language of deaf-mutes. Training does not take much energy, but it will give an opportunity to talk in a language that is less understandable to the surrounding people, and also to understand the speech of the deaf.
Where is the sign language used?
There is an opinion that non-verbal communication is used only by deaf-mute people to transmit information between themselves. But this statement is extremely erroneous. Deaf-mute language is used in many spheres of human activity. Any person uses gestures to express more expressiveness. They can be as comprehensible to the interlocutor, and are hidden from understanding, but they carry concrete information about the psychological state of a person.
Often it can be seen that in news other than sound and writing, information is shown through gesticulation. The information is submitted by a special announcer who knows the sign language perfectly and can instantly translate the text from the usual language into a sign language.
Gestures are also used by divers and cosmonauts, because they work where it is impossible to speak with sounds due to the lack of oxygen. Cinema, theater, translation, politics, medicine - all these are areas in which the use of a special type of communication is possible, and this list can be supplemented forever. But the most important is that having learned the sign language, we will make the life of deaf-mute people a bit easier, because each of us needs communication. How to learn the language of deaf-mutes? Self-instruction is the best tool.
Differences in the language of deaf-mutes
Each language system has a complex structure. The language of the deaf and dumb is not an exception. The teaching of this language should include the understanding that the rules of the language will differ for each country and even for a particular region. Sign language uses gestures for both specific words and individual letters. The method of designating individual letters is more rasprosranennym, and individual gestures denote only the most rasporannye words. Also, in the language of deaf-mutes, both one and two hands can be used.
The memorization of such a system may also be different. A big problem is the fact that in different countries and regions the language of deaf-mutes is significantly different, and there is no single system of language for deaf-mutes, which makes it difficult to study.
How to learn the language of deaf-mutes?
Knowledge of any language is a very useful skill that helps us in all areas of activity. Today, it is easy to learn any language, the main thing is to strive for it. The language of gestures of deaf-mutes is no exception. Training can begin with the selection of video materials, viewing tables with indication of which sign indicates a particular letter.
There are also specially developed sites for learning the language of deaf-mutes. On such sites not only material is given, but a task is also given to check the learned material. Thus the theory is supported by practice. Many groups in social networks are geared to learning sign language, but this way of presenting information should be used only when certain basics of sign language are already known. With the help of specialized groups, you can receive new information every day. If you need to quickly learn the language of deaf-mutes, the self-instruction manual can help in this. Usually in tutorials the material is submitted structurally, and this makes the understanding of the structure of the sign language easy.