It has been more than 17 years since the killer bullet cut off the life of the State Duma deputy, a military general and just a wonderful man Lev Yakovlevich Rokhlin. He fought in Afghanistan, went through the First Chechen War, was seriously wounded and was bruised, but still survived. And he was shot in peacetime, in bed, at his own dacha in the suburbs. What was and what did Lev Rokhlin want? The life and death of the general, as well as the version of his death - about all this, read on.
The beginning of the way
He was the youngest of three children. His father, Yakov Lvovich Rokhlin, passed the Great Patriotic War and, returning home to Aralsk (Kazakh SSR), could not find a job in a school where he worked before the war, he had to engage in a fishing team. June 6, 1947, he had a second son, who, following the Jewish tradition, was named after his grandfather. In 1948, when Leo was not even eight months old, his father was arrested, and since then nothing has been known about him. Most likely, he died in the Gulag, as well as thousands of Soviet illegally convicted citizens. Mother, Xenia Ivanovna, was forced to raise three children alone.
About ten years after the events, the relatives of the mother helped Rokhlin to move to Tashkent. Here Lev Yakovlevich graduated from school and went to work at the aircraft factory, where he was drafted into the army. After serving the appointed time, he returned to his native land and enrolled, like his elder brother, in the military school of Tashkent in 1967. When filing documents, Vyacheslav and Lev Rokhlin either were hidden intentionally, or did not know that their father was a Jew, because they themselves were documented by the Russians. Tell them the truth, the brothers could no longer count on a good promotion, since such ancestry was not welcomed in those days.
The Tashkent college future general Rokhlin graduated with honors in 1970. He was in the top ten best students. By that time Lev Yakovlevich had been married for two years. He was immediately identified for service in a group of Soviet troops deployed in the GDR, in the city of Wurzen. After 4 years he entered the Military Academy. Frunze. She graduated with honors in 1977, as well as previous educational institutions. After that, Rokhlin served in the Turkestan, Transcaucasian and Leningrad military districts, as well as in the Arctic.
The Afghan period
In 1982, the future general Rokhlin went to fight in Afghanistan. There he commanded one of the motorized rifle regiments deployed to the east of Faizabad. It is worth noting that he participated in many military special operations conducted on Afghan territory, and always differed in courage, determination and resourcefulness.
But in April next year, Rokhlin was removed from his post, lowered and sent to another regiment. His fault was that, in the opinion of the High Command, he had taken the wrong decision. The fact is that one of the battalions of his regiment was ambushed by the mujahideen in some mountain gorge. Then the regimental commander realized that his soldiers were in a disadvantageous position and could not continue the battle without incurring heavy losses. To avoid unjustified casualties, Rokhlin ordered to detonate the blocked equipment and retreat. As a result, the battalion came out of the trap with the least losses.
After that, Lev Yakovlevich served as deputy commander of the 191st motorized rifle regiment, located in Ghazni. In the winter of 1984, his boss was being brought to trial for having thrown his soldiers to death in a rebel headquarters, while he himself fled with a helicopter. At that time, Rokhlin took command of himself and led his subordinates out of the deadly ring. After this incident, he was reinstated. Under his command, the regiment fought very successfully. Take at least an operation conducted in the fall of 1984. It consisted in capturing a rebel base, located in the region of Urgun.
This operation was the last one conducted by Lev Rokhlin in the territory of Afghanistan. During the circumnavigation of the area where the fighting took place, his helicopter was shot down. This time, the death of General Rokhlin bypassed, and he survived. However, the wound was severe: his spine was damaged, his legs were broken, etc. First he was treated in Kabul, and then in Tashkent hospitals.
The verdict of the doctors was disappointing: expel from the army for health reasons. But since Rokhlin did not represent his life to all the ranks of the armed forces, he somehow achieved a different formulation from physicians and nevertheless remained in the service. By the way, his wife, Tamara Pavlovna, was a nurse. She got a job in the hospital where her husband was treated, and was with him throughout the course of treatment.
After discharge from hospital, Rokhlin is appointed deputy commander of the division to the Turkestan garrison of Kizil-Arvat. By that time, he had a daughter and a son of eight months, who soon fell ill with encephalitis, which immediately affected his overall development. After that, Tamara Pavlovna had to leave work and run around the hospitals with a disabled child.
Two years later, Lev Rokhlin was transferred to serve in Azerbaijan, where he became a participant in the suppression of the rebellious Baku nationalists, who provoked the massacre of Armenian families in Sumgait. When the collapse of the Soviet Union occurred, he decided to return to Russia. In 1993, Rokhlin entered the Academy of the General Staff and was already habitually finishing it with "excellent". After he became a Major-General, he was offered the post of commander of the 8th Volgograd Corps.
The First Chechen War
From December 1994 to February 1995, Lev Yakovlevich with his men participated in military operations in the territory of Chechnya. About how General Rokhlin, whose biography was already full of military exploits, directed his subordinates, the facts say. The actions of his 8th Guards Corps were among the most effective and, moreover, suffered the least losses. This only spoke of one thing: their commander was a skilful and talented military commander.
Before the war, Rokhlin was considered by some to be a tyrant, since he paid much attention to combat training. As time showed, he was right, and Suvorov's well-known saying "hard in teaching - easily in battle" fully justified itself. In Grozny, General Rokhlin fought alongside his soldiers. Together with them he met the New 1995 year. Of 2,200 Volgograd residents who fought with him in Chechnya, 1,928 soldiers were presented to them for awards, but only about half of them received. Rokhlin himself considered it right to abandon the title of Hero of Russia. He explained his act by not being able to accept rewards for the spilled blood of his fellow citizens.
I must say that General Lev Rokhlin did not fight for any career achievements, and he received his awards without sitting out in the rear and catering to his superiors, and carrying out selfless service for the good of his country. While fighting in Chechnya, he realized that the Russian army itself was in dire need of protection, and above all - from insatiable officials and incompetent power.
In 1997, General Rokhlin became the initiator and main organizer of the new political force. It was called the movement in support of the army, the defense industry and science. The purpose of this organization was not only to protect, but also to revive the Armed Forces of the state. It was very difficult to do this in the then conditions. The task of this movement was to ensure that all citizens of Russia, without exception, strictly observed the Constitution, and the government, in turn, undertook to ensure in full all the rights and freedoms prescribed in it. In addition, the new force required the authorities to carry out democratic reforms.
Elimination of the objectionable general
Passion of passion was brewing. The apogee was the night of 2 to 3 July 1998. The next morning in the news announced that General Rokhlin was killed in his dacha located in the village of Klokovo near Moscow. According to the official version, his own wife, Tamara, shot his sleeping, and the reason for this was a banal family quarrel.
In late autumn of 2000, the Naro-Fominsk City Court found Gen. Rokhlin's wife guilty of the death of her husband. Tamara Pavlovna appealed to the relevant authorities with a complaint about too long a period of pre-trial detention, as well as deliberately delaying the trial. Her claim was satisfied and monetary compensation was paid. After 5 years, a new court took place, where she was convicted for murder again and sentenced to four years probation.
The real causes of the tragedy
There are still several versions of how the murder of General Rokhlin happened. As already mentioned above, the first and the official is a family quarrel. But how can one believe this? The wife of General Rokhlin, Tamara Pavlovna, without fail, following him all along the military garrisons where he had to serve, and raising two children, one of whom is disabled, suddenly for no reason kills his husband because of an ordinary family quarrel ... Although the woman was convicted, there was no convincing evidence of her guilt.
The second version of the murder is political, to which Russian special services are involved. On this occasion, there is information that the GRU and the KGB had special departments that dealt directly with the liquidation of people who became disagreeable or dangerous to the authorities.
The second version is also supported by the fact that no fingerprints, including the wife of the general, were found on the murder weapon - the pistol. This suggests that the professionals acted, and not an ordinary woman, once again quarreled with her husband.
In the murder of Rokhlin, there were two strong enough evidence that there were strangers in the house. The first of these is a closed front door before the murder and open after it. The second proof - in a forest belt near the general's dacha, three charred corpses were found, and, according to local residents, they were not there before the murder of Rokhlin. This means only one thing: they appeared there immediately after the murder of Lev Yakovlevich. The conclusion is that the bodies in the forest belt could have belonged to the murderers of Rokhlin, who were removed after the crime they committed.
Protection of family honor and dignity
The life and death of General Rokhlin is still on hearing. Information about the customers and organizers of the murder was never made public. And, as time has shown, in these 17 years nothing has changed in the vertical of power. Until now, the same Yeltsin formula is working: the Rokhlins either are bad, or nothing. Therefore, no one was surprised when another dirty material about their family appeared in the Express-newspaper.
So was Lev Rokhlin. The life and death of the general should serve as an example for modern false patriots who are engaged in fanning a non-existent problem relating to Russia's so-called "enemies" without taking any concrete actions. It is necessary to remember what this man did for the Russian army and for the country as a whole. And also try to implement and even multiply all that was defended and for which General Rokhlin was killed.