More than 17 years have passed since the time when a killer bullet cut short the life of a State Duma deputy, a military general, and just a wonderful man, Lev Yakovlevich Rokhlin. He fought in Afghanistan, went through the First Chechen War, was seriously wounded and was contused, but still survived. And he was shot dead in peacetime, in bed, at his own summer cottage in the Moscow region. What was and what Leo Rokhlin wanted? The life and death of the general, as well as the version of his death - read on all this further.
The beginning of the way
He was the youngest of three children. His father, Yakov Lvovich Rokhlin, passed the Great Patriotic War and, returning home to Aralsk (Kazakh SSR), was unable to get a job in a school where he worked before the war, he had to hire himself in a fishing artel. On June 6, 1947, he had a second son, who, following Jewish traditions, was named after his grandfather. In 1948, when Lev was not even eight months old, his father was arrested, and since then nothing has been known about him. Most likely, he died in the gulag, like thousands of illegally convicted Soviet citizens. Mother, Ksenia Ivanovna, was forced to raise three children alone.
About ten years after the events, the mother’s relatives helped Rokhlin to move to Tashkent. Here Lev Yakovlevich graduated from school and went to work at the aircraft factory, from where he was called up for military service. After serving the allotted time, he returned to his native land and entered, like his elder brother, the military school of Tashkent in 1967. When submitting the documents, Vyacheslav and Lev Rokhlin either deliberately hid, or did not know that their father was Jewish, since they themselves were listed as Russians by documents. Tell them the truth, the brothers would not have been able to count on good promotion, since such an origin was not welcomed in those times.
Tashkent school of the future General Rokhlin graduated with honors in 1970, He was in the top ten best students. By the time Lev for two years was married. He was determined to serve in the group of Soviet forces stationed in East Germany, in the city of Wurzen. 4 years later he enrolled in the military Academy. Frunze. It, as previous educational institutions, he graduated with honors in 1977. Then Rokhlin served in Turkestan, the Caucasus and Leningrad military districts, as well as in the Arctic.
In 1982, the future General Rokhlin went to war in Afghanistan. There he commanded one of the motorized rifle regiments stationed east of Faizabad. It is worth noting that he took part in many military special operations carried out on Afghan territory, and always was distinguished by courage, determination and resourcefulness.
But in April of the next year, Rokhlin was removed from his post, lowered and sent to another regiment. His fault was that in the opinion of the high command, he made the wrong decision. The fact is that one of the battalions of his regiment was ambushed by the Mujahideen in some kind of mountain gorge. Then the regimental commander realized that his soldiers were in a disadvantageous position for themselves and would not be able to continue the battle without suffering heavy losses. In order to avoid unjustified victims, Rokhlin gave the order to blow up the blocked equipment and retreat. As a result, the battalion emerged from the trap with the least losses.
Then Lev performed the duties of Deputy commander of the 191st motorized infantry regiment, located in the city of Ghazni. In winter 1984, his boss put on trial because he abandoned his troops to certain death surrounded by the headquarters of the rebels, and he shamefully fled, taking advantage of the helicopter. In the meantime, rohlin took over the command and led his subordinates out of the death ring. After this incident, he was reinstated. Under his command the regiment fought very well. The operation, conducted in the fall of 1984, She was the capture of the rebel base, located in the district of Urrao.
This operation was the last carried out by Lev Rokhlin on the territory of Afghanistan. During a flight around the area where the fighting took place, his helicopter was shot down. At this time, the death of General Rokhlin spared, and he survived. However, the injury was severe: his spine was injured, his legs were broken, and so on. At first he was treated in Kabul, and then in Tashkent hospitals.
The doctors' verdict was disappointing: to be expelled from the army for health reasons. But since Rokhlin did not represent all the ranks of the armed forces of his life, he somehow managed to get a different formulation from the doctors and still remained in the service. By the way, his wife, Tamara Pavlovna, was a nurse. She got a job at the hospital where her husband was treated, and was with him throughout the entire course of treatment.
After discharge from the hospital, Rokhlin is appointed deputy division commander in the Turkestan garrison of Kizil-Arvat. By that time, he had a daughter and a son of eight months, who soon became ill with encephalitis, which immediately affected his overall development. After that, Tamara Pavlovna had to quit her job and run through hospitals with a disabled child.
Two years later, Lev Rokhlin was transferred to serve in Azerbaijan, where he becomes a party to the suppression of the rebellious Azeri nationalists, which provoked the massacre of Armenians in Sumgait. When there was the collapse of the Soviet Union, he decided to return to Russia. In 1993 Rokhlin entered the Academy of the General staff and is accustomed to complete it perfectly. After he became a major-General, he was offered the post of commander of the 8th corps in Volgograd.
First Chechen War
From December 1994 to February 1995, Lev Yakovlevich and his fighters participated in hostilities in Chechnya. About how General Rokhlin, whose biography and before that was saturated with military exploits, led his subordinates, they say the facts. The actions of his 8th Guards Corps were among the most successful and, moreover, suffered the least losses. It only spoke of one thing: their commander is a skilled and talented military leader.
Before the war, Rokhlin was considered by some to be a tyrant, since he paid great attention to combat training. As time has shown, he was right, and the well-known dictum of Suvorov, “hard in teaching, easy in battle,” fully justified itself. In Grozny, General Rokhlin fought along with his soldiers. Together with them he met New 1995. Of the 2,200 Volgograd citizens who fought with him in Chechnya, 1928 soldiers were presented to them for awards, but only about half received them. Rokhlin himself considered it right to abandon the title of Hero of Russia. He explained his action by saying that he could not accept awards for the shed blood of his own fellow citizens.
It must be said that General Lev Rokhlin did not fight for some career achievements, and he received his awards without sitting in the rear and pleasing the authorities, but carrying selfless service for the good of his country. Fighting in Chechnya, he realized that the Russian army itself is in dire need of protection, and above all - from insatiable officials and talentless power.
A new movement
In 1997, General Rokhlin became the initiator and chief organizer of the new political force. It became known as the movement in support of the army, defense industry and science. The purpose of this organization was not only to protect, but also to revive the Armed Forces of the state. It was very difficult to do this in the conditions of that time. The task of this movement was to ensure that all citizens of Russia, without exception, strictly observe the Constitution, and the government, in turn, pledged to ensure in full all the rights and freedoms prescribed in it. In addition, the new force demanded that the authorities carry out democratic reforms.
Elimination of the disagreeable general
Passions were brewing. The apogee was the night of July 2/3, 1998. The next morning, the news announced that General Rokhlin was killed at his dacha located in the village of Klokovo near Moscow. According to the official version, his wife, Tamara, shot and killed him, and the reason for this was a banal family quarrel.
In the late fall of 2000, the Naro-Fominsk City Court found General Rokhlin’s wife guilty of the death of her husband. Tamara Pavlovna appealed to the relevant authorities with a complaint about too long a period of preliminary detention, as well as deliberately delaying the trial. Her claim was satisfied and paid monetary compensation. After 5 years, a new court took place, where she was again convicted of murder and sentenced to four years on probation.
The real causes of the tragedy
Until now, there are several versions of how the murder of General Rokhlin. As mentioned above, the first and official one is a family quarrel. But how can you believe it? The wife of General Rokhlin, Tamara Pavlovna, who had followed him all these years without fail in military garrisons where he had to serve, and raising two children, one of whom is disabled, suddenly kills her husband for no reason because of an ordinary family quarrel ... Although the woman was convicted, convincing evidence of her guilt was never presented.
The second version of the murder is the political one in which the Russian special services are involved. On this occasion, there is information that in the GRU and the KGB there were special departments that were engaged in the immediate liquidation of people who had become disagreeable or dangerous for the authorities.
The second version is also supported by the fact that not a single fingerprint was found on the murder weapon - a pistol, including the general's wife. This suggests that acted professionals, and not an ordinary woman, once again quarreled with her husband.
The murder of Rokhlin was sufficient evidence that the house was occupied by strangers. The first of them is a closed door before the murder and after it open. Second proof – in a forest belt near General villas found three charred bodies, and, according to local residents, before the murder of Rokhlin they weren't there. This means only one thing: they were there immediately after the murder of Lev Yakovlevich. The conclusion suggests itself that the body in the forest could belong to the murderers of Rokhlin, which removed after they committed crimes.
Protection of family honor and dignity
The life and death of General Rokhlin is still well known. Information about the customers and organizers of the murder was never made public. And, as time has shown, during these 17 years nothing has changed in the vertical of power. The same Yeltsin formula is still valid: about Rokhlins, whether it is bad or nothing. Therefore, no one was surprised when another dirty material about their family appeared in Express-Gazeta.
That was Lev Rokhlin. The life and death of a general should serve as an example for modern false patriots who are fanning a non-existent problem concerning the so-called “enemies” of Russia, without taking any concrete action. It must be remembered that this man did for the Russian army and for the country as a whole. And also try to bring to life and even increase all that defended and for which General Rokhlin was killed.