Tests for any infections require thorough examination. If you follow all the recommendations, you can get the most accurate test result. Today we have to understand how to get tested for HIV. What is this disease? What is it dangerous? How are tests taken in one case or another? What advice and recommendations of doctors will help to get the maximum performance In which organizations can I take it? All this is described below. In fact, there is nothing difficult in the delivery of analysis with modern technology.
HIV infection is.
The first step is to understand what kind of infection the patient will deal with. This is a dangerous disease. It is transmitted mainly through sexual contact, but there are other options for infection. During the development of the disease, the body ceases to produce antibodies to various infections. As a result, a person can die from any disease, even from the common cold.
There is also a more complex form of immunodeficiency, incurable and extremely dangerous. It's about aids. This is the final stage of the development of HIV infection. As already mentioned, you can not get rid of it. But in the early stages of the disease is treated in modern medicine. But only with the timely diagnosis of the disease. How to get tested for HIV? What should every potential patient know before the procedure?
For example, about what research options are offered in practice. This is an important nuance. Indeed, the effectiveness of the final result depends on the chosen method of diagnosing the disease.
Sometimes in medical institutions for HIV infection is checked through a special rapid test. To do this, take a little biological material from the patient, then it is applied to a special test strip. According to the results of its staining, you can determine the presence of the disease in the body.
Such a study in practice is not too often used. Therefore, many people think about how to get tested for HIV, and where to turn with this request. What other diagnostic techniques do exist?
Analysis of urine
For example, it is proposed to do a urine test. Both common and HIV. This technique is not basic, it does not differ in its accuracy. Only in practice this study helps to confirm or deny the results of previously obtained analyzes.
How is urine given to determine HIV infection in a person? Just like any other study. It is enough to collect some urine in an airtight container and deliver it to a research laboratory.
It is important to remember that the most accurate analysis will be carried out only if the biological material is taken for research no later than 2 hours after its receipt. Therefore, it is recommended to take the urine to the laboratory as soon as possible.
Blood for antibodies
Testing for HIV and hepatitis is not difficult. The main thing is to determine the method of diagnosis of certain diseases. The most common method is blood donation and its testing for antibodies to viruses. Such testing allows you to quickly and accurately determine whether a patient has experienced a disease or not.
As a rule, such a study is called: “HIV test”. Some blood is taken from the patient and appropriate procedures are carried out to detect antibodies of the immunodeficiency virus. The results come either positive or negative. They are shown to patients.
Where does the blood come from
Where to get tested for HIV? What do you need for maximum accuracy? Blood for the corresponding analysis is taken mainly from a vein. But this is not the only option.
In some cases, you can donate blood from your finger. This technique was distributed a few years ago. Also, a similar analysis is carried out in the diagnosis of HIV and AIDS in children.
It is extremely rare to take blood from the auricle. Nevertheless, it is not considered by laboratories as a really existing method of collecting biological material.
Where to turn
The next important question is: where can I get tested for HIV? It is not enough to know about the method of diagnosis of a disease. It is required to further understand which institutions to apply for relevant research.
Analyzes are performed by medical laboratories. This is where every citizen of the country can come in and hand over biological material for the detection of certain diseases.
If a person wonders where he can be tested for HIV, he can turn to:
- in public clinics;
- free hospitals;
- private clinics / medical centers;
- private medical laboratories.
They performed this study. In practice often preference for private medical centers and laboratories. For a fee, just for several days the client receives the result of the study with a very clear interpretation.
When to take
Important is the moment when a citizen passes an HIV test. Not always the result of the study will be as informative and accurate as possible.
If a citizen suspects HIV infection, it is not recommended to immediately go to the hospital and donate blood (or other biological material) for further investigation. Indeed, in the body, antibodies to HIV do not begin to be produced immediately. Therefore, the patient is able to get a false-negative result. But in fact, the infection will only grow and spread throughout the body.
After how much to take an HIV test after the alleged infection? You can immediately contact the laboratory. But if the result is negative, it would be better to go to the clinic again after 3 weeks.
Another nuance - the study is conducted later than the specified period. After how much to take an HIV test? It is necessary to conduct an examination of the body after 90 days from the time of the alleged infection. If the answer is negative and the patient has not been in contact with the carriers of the infection, the result can be considered accurate.
Reasons for passing the analysis
So, how to act in a particular case, of course. And where is anonymous HIV testing? Such services are usually provided in all private medical centers.
The main problem is that immunodeficiency does not manifest itself until a certain point in time. Therefore, it is easy to miss. How many times to conduct the appropriate research? Everyone decides for themselves.
It is recommended to think about how to get tested for HIV in the following situations:
- after rape;
- if there was any unprotected sexual intercourse with a new partner;
- the presence of a dramatic weight loss for no apparent reason;
- if a person used non-sterile needles;
- for injuries from needles (in the absence of sterility);
- if your partner has AIDS or HIV;
- in the presence of any sexually transmitted diseases.
It is also necessary to take into account that all pregnant women must pass an analysis of the immunodeficiency virus. Research is required to ensure that a pregnant woman does not give birth in an observatory.
Terms of analysis
So, we figured out exactly where you can get tested for HIV and hepatitis, as well as other sexually transmitted infections. What rules are recommended to follow to get the most accurate research results?
- Blood must be given on an empty stomach. It is advisable not to eat during the last 8 hours. The same goes for drinks.
- The ideal time for delivery of the analysis is the morning. This is due to the fact that a person will have to endure a hunger strike. It will not have a major impact on the body if the patient is awake.
- A few days before the delivery of biological material will have to limit the use of salty, sweet, fatty and fried foods. Fast food will also have to be excluded from the diet.
- It is recommended to give up a week (or better a month) before exploring bad habits. They are able to adversely affect all of the listed tests.
- For the study of urine will need to collect exactly the morning portion. It will be the most informative.
- 3-4 days before the analysis to exclude sex. Especially in the case of passing urine.
All these tips will help to properly prepare for the procedure. Where is anonymous HIV testing? For example, in the private network of laboratories "Invitro". In Russia, this clinic is widespread. And all these recommendations contribute to obtaining the most accurate result.
Clinical and complete blood count
It is difficult to imagine, but a simple blood test can also help in the diagnosis of this disease. How exactly? According to the study, you can begin to suspect the presence of infection in the body.
Before you take an HIV test, it is recommended to perform a general and clinical blood test. They will help determine exactly whether there is a likelihood of contracting immunodeficiency.
All of the previously listed rules concerning preparations for the procedure remain in force. The only thing that is recommended to pay attention to the results of the study. After all, in clinical or General analysis of a blood there will be no mention of HIV. In this research, there are many other indicators. Depending on them may be of interest to disease in the body.
Suppose a citizen decided where to get an HIV test. Anonymously or not is not important. But before this, the patient decides to conduct a general and clinical blood test. What features of this study to pay attention to? Under what circumstances is it recommended to test for HIV?
It is recommended to donate blood for HIV if the following changes in biological material are observed:
- ESR increases;
- the number of leukocytes decreases;
- platelets decrease;
- hemoglobin is reduced.
It is this interpretation of a general or clinical blood test that should encourage additional research. Where to get tested for HIV? In any medical center or clinic.
And what if a person came the result of an HIV test? You can rely on the following transcript (in quantitative analysis):
- 20-10 6 copies / ml - HIV infection;
In other cases, usually on the results that came, the exact presence or absence of the studied infection is indicated. Either in the corresponding line will be marked “+” or “-“.
Results and conclusions
Where it is proposed to take the HIV test anonymously without much difficulty, of course. And what is needed to get the most accurate results too. For the patient, this process will differ little from ordinary blood any research. Preparation process is the same.
Where is anonymous HIV testing? This service is provided in medical laboratories and clinics. It is in great demand. In Russia, it is now recommended to monitor your health more carefully and to conduct the study study at least once a year. Where, is it possible to pass tests (HIV) anonymously, how to properly prepare for the process? Answers to these questions are no longer a mystery.