How and from what should you use the drug "Furazolidon"? Instructions for use, price, reviews, analogs of this medication will be described below. Also we will tell you about what components are included in the composition of this medication, in what form it is produced, whether it can be given to children and so on.
Composition, packaging, form
What is included in the composition of the drug "Furazolidon"? The doctors say that the active substance of this drug is furazolidone. The drug can be purchased in the form of tablets, which are placed in contour squares and cartons, respectively (can be sold in paper blisters).
Pharmacological features of the drug
What is the drug "Furazolidon"? Instructions for use, price, reviews, analogues of the drug are presented in the materials of this article. According to the information, it can be concluded that the agent in question is antiprotozoal and antimicrobial. It has a bacteriostatic effect in relation to a variety of different microbes.
The principle of the drug is the violation of the activity of enzyme systems of certain bacteria. The drug is highly effective against gram-negative rods, Gram-positive cocci and protozoa.
Among the causative agents of intestinal infections, the causative agents of typhoid fever of dysentery and paratyphoid are most sensitive to this drug. At the same time, their stability develops very slowly.
What pharmacokinetic properties does the drug "Furazolidon" have? Experts' feedback indicates that when taken orally, it is absorbed rather slowly and is inactivated in the intestinal tract.
Only 5% of the drug is excreted from the body of the patient along with the urine (in the form of metabolites or unchanged). In this case, the drug can stain the urine in a brownish color.
Indications for use
At what diseases can be prescribed a drug "Furazolidon"? Instruction, expert reviews indicate the following indications for use:
- food poisoning;
Prescribe a drug for such diseases should only be the attending physician. In this case, the doctor must rely on the results of medical tests and the general condition of the patient.
Contraindications for use
What contraindications should a patient know before using the drug "Furazolidon"? Instructions for use, doctors' reviews highlight the following prohibitions:
- chronic renal failure in the terminal stage;
- the period of bearing of the child;
- deficiency of glucose-6-dehydrogenase;
- lactation time;
- increased sensitivity of a person to the group of nitrofurans;
- kids up to the 1st year.
The drug "Furazolidon": instructions for use
The price, patients' reviews of this medication will be described at the very end of the article. As for this section, we will describe in detail the methods of taking the drug and its dosage.
Furazolidone tablets are prescribed only to patients. For the treatment of diseases such as dysentery, paratyphoid and food toxic infections, adults are prescribed 0.1-0.15 g of the drug after meals four times a day. It is recommended to take medication for 6-10 days. The duration of treatment depends on the severity and nature of pathological processes.
In similar doses, the drug in question can be taken in cycles. For example, for 3-6 days at intervals of 3-4 days.
It should be especially noted that the drug "Furazolidon" is highly not recommended for use for longer than 10 days.
When treating a disease such as giardiasis, adults are prescribed 0.1 grams of medication four times a day. For children with the same diagnosis, the drug is given depending on the body weight (10 mg / kg per day). In this case, the daily dosage is necessarily divided into 3-4 doses.
The maximum amount of a drug per day for adults is 0.8 g, and a single dose is 0.2 g.
What undesirable consequences can the drug "Furazolidon" cause? Experts' reviews indicate that this drug often causes the appearance of vomiting, a decrease in appetite and nausea. Also in some cases, against the background of taking this medicine, the patient may develop an allergy.
In order to reduce the occurrence and intensity of side effects, it is recommended to take Furazolidone before eating, drinking a lot of warm water. If necessary, the dosage is reduced, and the patient is prescribed antihistamines and B vitamins.
If there are pronounced adverse reactions, stop taking the medication completely.
Is it allowed to take Furazolidone simultaneously with other drugs? The doctors' comments indicate that the agent under consideration is an inhibitor of monoamine oxidase. Therefore, when using it, it is necessary to observe the same precautions as when using other monoamine oxidase inhibitors.
It should also be noted that tetracyclines and aminoglycosides significantly enhance the antimicrobial properties of the drug "Furazolidone". It also sensitizes the human body to ethanol. In addition, this drug is able to increase oppression hemopoiesis in the background of a joint reception of "Ristomycin" and "Chloramphenicol".
What you need to know about the drug "Furazolidon"? Children (reviews about the drug are more positive than negative) and adults, this medication is prescribed in a limited number and with extreme caution in diseases of the nervous system and chronic kidney failure.
For the prevention of neuritis, especially with prolonged use of the drug, it must be combined with the vitamins of group B.
According to specialists, "Furozolidone" tablets have the ability to sensitize the human body to the effects of alcohol. Therefore, such a remedy is often used to treat chronic alcoholism. Especially often it is prescribed if other drugs are ineffective or if there are contraindications to their use.
Before taking the drug, it must be taken into account that it is an MAO inhibitor. In this regard, patients should follow all the same precautions, that when using similar means.
Drug "Furazolidon": price, reviews, analogues
There are many medicines that have the same effect on the human body as Furazolidone. These drugs include the following drugs: "Befungin", "Negra", "Finer", "Gepar Compositum", "B-tol", "Confizim", "Norbaktin", "Vis-Nol".
Presented analogs of antimicrobial drugs can be as expensive as the drug in question, and cheaper. It should be noted that the tablets "Furazolidon" themselves have a relatively low cost. So, 50 mg of medicament in the amount of 10 pieces can be purchased for only 70-80 Russian rubles. Agree, this price is quite acceptable and available for many patients.
As for the reviews, most people talk about the drug "Furazolidon" exclusively on the positive side. According to the patients, such a drug manifests itself highly effective against many bacteria and microbes. However, for a better therapeutic result, doctors recommend taking it in conjunction with other medications. For this, it is necessary to consult a doctor and undergo a medical examination.
With regard to negative reviews, in most cases they are associated with the manifestation of side effects. How to reduce the likelihood of their occurrence, was described in detail in the section "adverse reactions".