French Guiana belongs to the possessions of the named European countries located in very different parts of the world. The country is called the old fashioned way – because a number recently (in the historical scale of course) there were British and Dutch Guiana. These Guiana eventually became independent States, and the colony remained dependent on the mother country and retained its name in French Guiana.
The continent known as South America, was discovered by the Spanish sailors in the late 15th century. But then this land is not very interested in the conquistadors – they attracted the more affluent coast. In 1604 on the coast of South America there appeared the first French colonists. In the 17-19 centuries, they successfully repelled the attempts of the Dutch and the British to join the French lands to their territories. Finally, the French flag was raised over the territory in 1817.
History of the country
New colonizers brought plantations of coffee, tea, cotton here and wanted to make local people work for them. But for some reason they did not agree, and the captured prisoners quickly died. In addition, relatives of the natives perfectly mastered the art of shooting poisonous arrows, which made the life of the settlers almost unbearable. Refusing to force the Indians to work, the French began to import blacks from the Black continent.
But these measures did not help build a thriving agriculture. The French had to pass laws abolishing slavery and introduce a normal wage. We didn’t go to these places very willingly - French Guiana remained a place for disgraces and exiles.
In 1855, gold deposits were discovered in French Guiana. Mysterious metal attracted wanderers and adventurers from around the world. Some of them were enriched, but the overwhelming majority of gold miners found their grave here. Gold Rush claimed over 40 thousand lives. With a population of 220 thousand, this is quite a rather big number.
Location of the state of French Guiana
On the world map this country can be found in the North-East of South America. Beautiful nature and openness of ports has allowed this site to become a resort Paradise for many tourists. The capital of French Guiana – Cayenne. He is a worthy example of colonial culture, there is a lot of interesting places. Among the narrow cobbled streets and colonial buildings you can find modern facilities, only accentuates the architectural ensemble of the city.
The country has seven modern airports that take planes from all over the world. Coastal roads are not inferior to European autobahns, but in the depths of the country there are relatively few good roads. Tourists are attracted by the opportunity to enjoy the beautiful ocean beaches and tropical rainforests, which are preserved in many places in a wild, original state.
One of the most interesting sights is Hates Beach, located on the Marconi River. This beach is the birthplace of many leatherback turtles, which are among the largest amphibians in the world.
French Guiana can invite its guests to admire the Forgassier and Voltaire waterfalls. They are located in the green tropical corners of the country, and without a guide to get to them is almost impossible.
Sights of Cayenne
On the territory of this colony is remarkable spaceport, which is one of the most significant sites on the American continent. To control the level of air pollution, the capital of French Guiana were able to obtain a permit for construction of a regional center to monitor air quality. Since then, residents and tourists can get daily summary of the status of the air and the level of contamination in any province of this country.
French Guiana Islands
For tourists who prefer to enjoy alone, there are tours on the protected Ile du Diable and Saint-Joseph. Both Islands had previously been a prison where he was serving a sentence the most dangerous criminals of France. Now remind me only remnants of the huts and stone buildings, hidden behind the greenery.
Visit French Guiana - a paradise on earth for those who appreciate nature and silence.