In 2013, on March 13, a new pope was elected with the name Francis, who became the 266th head of the Catholic world and the first pope from the Order of the Jesuits and from the New World. And at the end of August 2014, Francis - the Pope - told reporters that he could abdicate the throne because of health problems. Then he took up reform, which simplified the process of declaring marriage invalid.
In February 2016, a grand event took place in the Christian world - at the Havana airport Pope Francis met with Russian Patriarch Cyril. This was the first meeting of this level in the entire history of the Catholic and Orthodox Church.
One day, the pontiff's statements attracted close attention of the public in an interview with the well-known correspondent of the Italian publishing house La Repubblica Eugenio Scalfari, where the pope touched on such sensitive topics in the Catholic Church as pedophilia, the problem of celibacy (celibacy is mandatory) and involvement in the mafia. Regarding celibacy, the pope promised to solve this painful problem for Catholic priests.
But speaking of pedophilia, Francis - the Pope - clearly emphasized that this shame is now in our house, this is “leprosy” that struck the church. According to the data presented, 2% of pedophiles are priests, and among them there are bishops and cardinals. Many people know about it, but prefer to keep quiet. It was to this problem that the pontiff swore to approach with all the seriousness and severity she deserves.
Further about the mafia, dad noted that our exposure in this matter will be constant. Once, during a pastoral visit to Calabria (Italy), he excommunicated a mafia. Francis said that he knew that the same mafia also go to church and take communion, and therefore noted that the mercy of our Lord is limitless, but he will never fall into the trap.
As for the newly elected president of America, Donald Trump, Francis - the Pope - said that he does not want to give marks to people and politicians, because he wants to understand the suffering they bring to all the disadvantaged and rejected, and he will evaluate the work of the American president in relation to refugees and expats. After all, they are faced with hostility and aggression by people who are experiencing and are afraid of losing their jobs. The pope believes that this problem reflects an unfair global economic system, where money works against refugees and immigrants and where poor people in rich countries are afraid of the arrival of their comrades in misfortune from poor countries. Therefore, the only correct solution would be to break this wall, which separates them all.
But as it became known, Trump is preparing to sign several anti-immigrant bills, and among them is a significant restriction for refugees.
In addition, Francis - the Pope - believes that inequality is the greatest evil in the world. The blame is money, and this is exactly what goes against the necessary measures that will promote equality.
The journalist Scalfari noted that such statements of the pontiff are close to Marxism, but Pope Francis declared that it was the Communists who thought like Christians. As a result, Scalfari wrote that Francis behaves as a revolutionary, but all this goes beyond the framework of the revolution.
Pope Francis: photo, biography
Jorge Mario Bergollo was born on December 17, 1936 in the Argentine capital - the city of Buenos Aires. His father, Mario Giuseppe Bergollo, was an Italian immigrant, a railway worker. Mother's name was Regina Maria Sivori. He became the fifth child in the family and, having studied as a chemical technologist, went to study at the Seminary of Villa Devoto of Buenos Aires. In 1958, he joined the Jesuit Order. Obedience (novitiate) the future pope took place in Chile, then he increased his education in Buenos Aires, at the College of Saint Joseph, and became the holder of a degree in Philosophy. The pontiff speaks three languages: Spanish, Italian, and German.
The last Pope Francis is a big fan of Argentinean football and is a fan of the San Lorenzo team.
Francis himself admitted that shortly before the start of the ministry, he worked as a security guard at a nightclub, and was also a lab technician and cleaner. When he was elected dad, white smoke coming from the pipe of the Sistine Chapel, on the second day announced that the decision was finally made. Bergollo was the only Jesuit among the electoral cardinals, and he was not on the list of favorites. However, in 2005, as it turned out, it was he who was the main competitor of Pope Benedict XVI, who in 2013 renounced his post as head of the Catholic Church.
In May 1992, Bergollo became the so-called auxiliary bishop of the Argentine capital, and in June 1992 he was ordained bishop by Cardinal Antonio Quarasino.
In February 2001, in the Vatican, John Paul II himself (the then head of the Catholics) ordained him cardinals, and he received several administrative posts in the Roman Curia.
Cardinal Bergollo was distinguished by modesty and doctrinal conservatism, as well as loyalty to the cause of social justice. Once he lived in a small apartment, which absolutely did not resemble the palace of the Archbishop, dressed modestly enough, did not use a limousine with a chauffeur, chose public transport, and even cooked food himself.
The pontiff is a magnificent theologian who immediately distanced himself from “liberation theology”. In its worldview, it is close to the Catholic intra-church movement called Comunione e Liberazione, founded in the 1950s by the priest Luigi Giussiani.
Cardinal Bergollo called on his spiritual brotherhood and the laity to actively oppose abortion and euthanasia. He recognizes church teaching and condemns homosexuality, in 2010 the pope became an opponent of the law allowing same-sex marriage in Argentina. However, he believes that it is necessary to show respect for sexual minorities.
Pope Francis: Last Christmas
I would like to remind that in 2015, the Pontiff made a very depressing statement about the fact that this Christmas may be the last for all people. The chaotic state of the world, hunger and destruction priznannoy the beginning of the "end time", and maybe next year it will be unrecognizable. Earlier, he announced the beginning of the third world.
At the end of 2016, wishing peace to the countries where the war is going on, and mentioning Syria and Ukraine, Pope Francis (Christmas as a holiday of love and kindness greatly contributed to this) called on the international community to make every effort to resolve conflicts peacefully. The pontiff called for urgent assistance to the residents of Aleppo, wished peace to the Palestinians, Israelis, people from different African regions, as well as to people all over the world.
The Vatican has promised to send humanitarian aid to eastern Ukraine in the amount of 6 million euros.