Many consumers today are faced with the question of which equipment is better to use for the manufacture of furniture. Based on the opinion of experts, we can conclude that a format-cutting machine, which is also called a circular saw or circular saw with a carriage, can act as an excellent acquisition. If you also decide that you need such a unit, then you can assemble it yourself.
Formatno-raskroyechny machines have the following elements:
- bed frame;
- movable additional table;
- work stationary table;
- support frame;
- saw unit.
The latter consists of guides and two saw blades.
The formatno-raskroyechny machine is used for longitudinal and cross cutting at a certain angle. It is possible to use this equipment for working with panel blanks, for removing overhangs after facing, in order to cut full-size slabs into separate elements. Today, a format-cutting machine has found its wide distribution in the manufacture of cabinet furniture. With it, you can make high quality products.
The function of these devices is the ability to impart basic parameters to parts for further processing. Such machines can be used for batch or piece cutting. Homemade or factory models are able to work with different materials:
- composite sheet materials;
- laminated paper sheets;
- film materials;
The equipment is applied to a material that has exact geometric dimensions.
Machine making technology: preparation of tools
Format-cutting machine, you can do it yourself. The principle of its operation is quite simple, but the factory models have an impressive cost. For the work should be prepared:
- metal channel bars;
- metal corners;
- electric motors;
- shafts from agricultural machinery;
- cutting and sawing disk;
- welding machine;
- tools for working on metal.
Work on blanks
For guides, a pipe is used, the dimensions of which will be equal to 60x5x6500 mm. Making a format-cutting machine with your own hands, you should perform a movable desktop, which will move along the guides. This will ensure sheet feeding during cutting. The master should provide the length of the cutting line, which will be the limit from 3000 to 3200 mm. If necessary, this parameter can be reduced or increased, for this the length of the guides is changed.
When is the vertical panel saw machine, it should be hung two saws, one of them will be primary, while the other is scoring. These items should be placed on the cutting block and rotate toward each other. Movement will be provided by asynchronous motors. It is important to provide the ability to tilt the unit at an angle of 45 °. The saw unit that is supplied with the rotary mechanism.
Recommendations for choosing a motor
A good place where you can buy a format-cutting machine - Avito (ad site) at a fairly inexpensive price. However, if you want to save to perform this equipment yourself, then you should correctly approach the choice of engine. The efficiency of the movement of the saw will depend on this element. That is why the motor must have a capacity of 2.9 kW.
The engine will rotate the main saw at a speed of 5,000 revolutions per minute, and as for the scoring saw, it will rotate at a speed of 8,000 revolutions. Saw blades should also be present in the structure, their diameter will be 250 mm, which will provide the possibility of cutting sheets and cutting chipboard laminated boards.
Safety of use
In order for the use of the machine to be safe for health, exhaust ventilation should be provided so that the dust particles from the wood do not ignite from the small spark that occurs when the engine is running.
As soon as the production of the machine is completed, the material can be processed. Due to the fact that the sheets are usually large, before installing the web into the mechanism, it is necessary to mark up where the cuts will be made. The size of the workpiece must be larger by about 8 mm on each side. As soon as a small pile is ready, you can begin cutting.
Recommendations for making
The format-raskroyechny Filato machine will cost 230,000 rubles to the consumer. If you do not have such a sum, you can do the equipment yourself. To do this, it is necessary to make the main support frame on which the canvas is laid. It will go metal corners, which are sometimes replaced by a profile. On a frame the cloth with saw for discs keeps within. The surface of the canvas should be smooth to ensure the sliding of the blanks. At the next stage, you can begin to manufacture a chipboard carriage or any other similar material. With its help, it will be possible to fix the saws and move them along the guides. The sheets are interconnected in the four corners with a tapered shaft; the distance must be such that the shaft can move along the guides.
Quite often, before manufacturing the described devices, craftsmen look at format-cutting machines, 3200 is a value that indicates the length of the roller carriage. WoodTec equipment has such parameters, which costs $ 4500. The device weighs 900 kg, and also has a large protective cap on the bracket. The main emphasis is supplemented by the construction mechanism, which ensures accuracy of cutting and speed at setting. If this price does not suit you, then you can do the manufacture of such a unit yourself.
At the next stage, an automatic sawmill is installed at the top of the carriage. The first and second saw should be fixed under the carriage. Disks at the same time will be located frontally. They are closed with a screen, for which you can use any transparent material.
For the guides will need two tubes of large diameter. Connect them with a metal strip, the surface must be smooth and have no defects. On the edge of the shelf will be blank. In height, he must bear the sheet or part. There is a metal ruler, level zero which needs to be at the point of cutting the fabric. This will determine the size on the sheet.
Perpendicular to the stop you need to place the clamping mechanism. It is made of metal profile and fixed with bolts. The corrugation is attached to the top of the carriage screen, the other end can be led to the ventilation hatch. As soon as an automatic start-up is installed under the hood, the machine can be operated and cutting works performed. Before turning on the equipment, you must connect the hood, which will allow to keep the room clean.
Saws for format-cutting machines will need you if you plan to carry out the equipment yourself. For example, a circular saw with parameters 300x3.2 / 2.2x30 will cost the consumer 4800 rubles. But for the 120x2.8 / 3.6x20 cutting saw you will have to pay 2800 rubles. Circular saw from the manufacturer FREUD with parameters 300x3 / 2x30 will cost 3400 rubles.