Every parent since the birth of his baby is trying to closely monitor his health. The little man cannot tell if something is bothering him, let alone explain where exactly. Therefore, doctors recommend regularly carry on the analysis of the child. They accurately show the state of his body. Recently, pediatricians have been paying particular attention to red blood cells in the urine of children.
Red blood cells are red blood cells. Modern children's doctors claim that they should not be in the urine of a child. In some individual cases, their minimum presence is allowed. The bodies produced by the body are constantly eliminated from it. To find out about the presence of red blood cells, it is enough to pass urine for general analysis. Even in the presence of the slightest deviation from the norm, it is necessary to undergo a full examination urgently to find out why the red blood cells are present in the urine of children. The rate depends sometimes on age, but, as a rule, the figure is the same.
Causes of red cells in the urine
Urinalysis can only say about the presence or absence of red blood cells. To find out the exact cause, due to which erythrocytes appeared in the urine in children, an accurate study of a small organism will be needed.
As a rule, the deviation from the generally established norms can be caused by the following diseases:
- early cystitis;
- dysbacteriosis caused by prolonged constipation or harmful intestinal virus;
- severe intoxication of the body against the background of the inflammatory process;
- severe or prolonged stress;
- heavy exercise;
- the formation of kidney stones;
- kidney injury;
- various infections;
Elevated red blood cells in the urine of children, the causes of which - improper diet and increased stress, are easily corrected. In this case, the participation of parents is very important. They must ensure that the child eats only healthy and high-quality cooked foods, enter a clear regime.
Erythrocytes in the urine in children: normal
Within a few days after birth, the baby is urine taken for analysis. In the first few days, red blood cells may be elevated - up to 7 in sight, but no more. That is, if the analysis showed red blood cells in the urine of children, this is the norm, but in the first days of life. An experienced obstetrician or pediatrician on the appearance of the baby can determine the high content of Taurus. The skin of the child has a yellowish tint. Moms do not have to worry about this: within 2-3 weeks, the figures return to normal.
In older children, it is considered normal to have 1-2 elements in the urine, not more. Even indicator 3 in sight should be the first wake-up call for parents.
Erythrocytes in the urine in children. What does it mean?
This means that the body is weakened, there is a high probability that it will be infected. Erythrocytes in the urine in children are elevated if 3 to 5 elements of the viewed red bodies are detected. Perhaps the baby is a lot nervous or very tired, there are problems with food. In this case, you should review the daily routine of the child and change his diet. It is better to exclude all preservatives and drinks containing artificial colors. Psychologists recommend talking to the kid himself. Perhaps he is afraid to say that he is very tired or nervous because of the failures associated with kindergarten or school.
The cause for serious anxiety can be the results of tests, where the red blood cells in the urine in children are elevated to 7 elements. These indicators suggest that there is a disease that can cause pathology of the kidneys and the urogenital system. In most cases, the developing disease is already present in a small body, but no symptoms or signs have yet appeared.
What is the red blood cells in the urine in children and what it means, every parent should know. This should tell him the district pediatrician. First of all, he must explain how to properly collect urine for research. Key recommendations:
- It is better to carry out the collection of analyzes in the morning when the baby has just woken up and has not eaten anything.
- The state of the child should be calm, it is better to postpone the game.
- If the baby is already at a conscious age, then you need to ask him to go to the shower and only after that give a jar to collect urine.
It is absolutely not necessary to collect the first urine, the most informative is the next portion.
If after the scheduled delivery of urine to the analysis of red blood cells in the urine in children is elevated, this does not mean that there is a problem. The child may have been particularly active or malnourished in the last few days. It is necessary to improve the diet and limit all types of loads. Repeat the analysis is better in 7-10 days. If in this case the red blood cells are again raised, the doctor may prescribe:
- detailed analysis of urine and blood;
- blood chemistry;
- Ultrasound of the abdominal organs and urinary system;
- consultation of highly specialized doctors.
It is very important that the baby is disposed towards the dialogue and must tell about his general condition and possible health problems. It may be:
- pain when urinating;
- aching pain in the abdomen and lower back;
- discoloration of urine.
The main methods of treatment
Elevated red blood cells in the urine in children respond well to correction. If the reason for the deviation is any disease, then the doctor may prescribe medication and medical procedures:
- Antibiotics are necessary to fight infection.
- Correction of nutrition, that is, from the diet of the child, it is necessary to remove all products containing cholesterol.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs can be taken.
- To save the child's body from stagnant fluids, diuretic drugs can be taken.
- To reduce the risk of kidney complications, it is better to limit the intake of all types of fluids.
If erythrocytes in the urine in children are not normal and this indicates the presence of tumors and internal bleeding, then surgery is possible. If an early problem is detected, it can be solved more effectively.