Each parent from the moment of birth of his baby tries to closely monitor his health. A little man can not say if something is bothering him, and even more so, explain exactly where. Therefore, doctors recommend that the child's tests be carried on a regular basis. They accurately show the state of his body. Recently, pediatricians pay special attention to erythrocytes in the urine of children.
Erythrocytes are red blood cells. Modern children's doctors claim that in the urine of a child they should not be. In some individual cases, their minimum presence is allowed. The bodies produced by the body are constantly removed from it. To learn about the presence of red blood cells, it is enough to pass urine to a general analysis. Even with the slightest deviations from the norm, it is necessary to urgently undergo a complete examination to find out why the erythrocytes in the urine are present in children. The norm sometimes depends on the age, but, as a rule, the figure is the same.
The causes of the appearance of red cells in the urine
The general analysis of urine can tell only about the presence or absence of red blood cells. To determine the exact cause, which caused erythrocytes in the urine of children, you will need an accurate study of a small organism.
As a rule, a deviation from the generally established norms can be caused by the following diseases:
- early cystitis;
- dysbacteriosis, which is caused by prolonged constipation or a harmful intestinal virus;
- strong intoxication of the body against the background of the inflammatory process;
- severe or prolonged stress;
- heavy physical activity;
- formation of kidney stones;
- kidney trauma;
- all kinds of infections;
Elevated erythrocytes in the urine of children, the causes of which - improper diet and increased workload, are easily adjusted. In this case, the participation of parents is very important. They should ensure that the child eats only useful and high-quality products, enter a clear regime.
Erythrocytes in the urine of children: the norm
A few days after birth, the baby takes urine for analysis. In the first few days, red blood cells can be elevated - up to 7 pieces in the field of view, but no more. That is, if the analysis showed erythrocytes in the urine of children, this is the norm, but in the early days of life. Experienced obstetrician or pediatrician in appearance of the baby can determine the increased content of corpuscles. The skin of the child has a yellowish tinge. Mums do not need to worry about this: within 2-3 weeks the indicators come back to normal.
In more adult children, the presence of 1-2 elements in the urine is considered normal, no more. Even the indicator 3 in the field of vision should be the first alarm bell for parents.
Erythrocytes in the urine of children. What does it mean?
This means that the body is weakened, there is a high probability of infection by its infection. Erythrocytes in the urine of children are increased if it is revealed from 3 to 5 elements of the red corpus viewed. Perhaps the baby is a lot nervous or very tired, eating problems. In this case, you should revise the child's schedule and change his diet. It is better to exclude all preservatives and drinks containing artificial colors. Psychologists recommend talking with the baby. Perhaps he is afraid to say that he is very tired or nervous because of the failures associated with the kindergarten or school.
The cause for serious anxiety may be the results of tests, where erythrocytes in urine in children are raised to 7 elements. These indicators indicate that there is a disease that can cause kidney and urogenital system pathology. In most cases, the developing disease is already present in a small organism, but no symptoms and signs have yet occurred.
What is the erythrocyte in the urine of children and what does it mean, every parent should know. The district pediatrician should tell him about this. And first of all, he should explain how to collect urine correctly for research. Key recommendations:
- The collection of tests is better done in the morning, when the baby just woke up and did not eat anything.
- The state of the child should be calm, the game is better to postpone.
- If the baby is already in conscious age, then you need to ask him to go to the shower and only after that give a jar to collect urine.
It is not necessary to collect the first urine, the most informative is the next serving.
If, after a routine urine test, the red blood cells in the urine of children are raised, this does not mean that there are problems. Perhaps the child in the past few days has been particularly active or malnutrition. It is necessary to improve the diet and limit all types of stress. Repeat the test better after 7-10 days. If in this case the red blood cells are again raised, then the doctor can appoint:
- extensive analysis of urine and blood;
- blood chemistry;
- Ultrasound of the abdominal and urogenital system;
- consultation of highly specialized doctors.
It is very important that the baby is located to the dialogue and necessarily told about his general condition and possible health problems. It can be:
- pain when urinating;
- aching pain in the abdomen and lower back;
- change of color of urine.
The main methods of treatment
Elevated erythrocytes in urine in children are well amenable to correction. If the cause of the deviation is any disease, the doctor may prescribe medication and treatment:
- To fight infection, you need antibiotics.
- Correction of nutrition, that is, from the diet of a child, it is necessary to remove all foods containing cholesterol.
- It is possible to take anti-inflammatory drugs.
- To save the children's body from fluid stagnation, it is possible to take diuretics.
- To reduce the risk of complications of the kidneys, it is better to limit the intake of all kinds of liquids.
If the erythrocytes in the urine of children are not normal and this indicates the presence of neoplasms and internal bleeding, then surgical intervention is possible. When an early detection of the problem, it can be solved more effectively.