Our language is amazing - it is diverse and melodic. It is like a majestic river: it makes a noise, now it quietly murmurs. And for everything, language has modes of expression.Epiphora is the decoration of speechThese are numerous trails and stylistic figures that are included in the tools of the Russian language. When used properly, they enrich oral and written speech, let you enjoy its beauty and harmony.

Sources of wealth of the Russian language

Among the many means of expressiveness, we can call the epiphora, which enriches the text with the meaning of identity. With the repetition of the same segment of speech in the first place goes its lexical meaning, which is reinforced by multiple. But at the same time, epiphora is not the most common figure of speech practice, since such repetitions can sometimes give the impression of some awkwardness, irrelevance, and artificiality.

An epiphora is a stylistic device (figure) based on the symmetrical repetition of sounds, words, phrases at the end of a line in a poetic speech or in a certain passage in prose. Its purpose is to make speech beautiful and more emotional. It is used more often with other means of artistic expression. Reception is more typical for poetry (for almost all its genres).

As an example, we can cite the lines of S. Gorodetsky’s poem, where it can be seen that the epiphora is a very capacious method:

Not air, but gold,
Liquid gold
Spilled into the world.
Chained without hammer -
Liquid gold
The world is not moving.

A vivid example of poetry, where expressive coloring gives the epiphora, the definition of which is given a little higher.

Precious facets

The Russian language, being the language of the Russian people, is like a natural diamond. As the gem sparkles with numerous facets, so the Russian language is beautiful with all its manifestations. It is reflected in the field of literature and in the field of language, while emphasizing their importance and originality.

And if we consider that the Russian language is a fusion of strict rules and poetry of lively speaking, it remains only to enjoy its richness and expressiveness. Like a diamond shining with every face, the Russian language uses all the extraordinary tools that convey the beauty of our speech. Epiphora is one of these elements. Let's continue the conversation about her.

Epiphora in literature

The Russian language, possessing numerous means of artistic expression, widely shows how epiphora is used in literature.

A special case of epiphora is familiar to anyone who read the poem. This is an ordinary rhyme. Here, for example, in I. Bunin in the poem “The Word” is such a rhyme: “given - Letters”, “take care of it”.

And in M. Tsvetaeva we find an example of a real epiphora:

The forest is not the same!
The bush is not the one!
Thrush is not the one!

A well-known example of the epiphors in prose are the Gogol “festoones”. The word is repeated in one sentence to enhance the effect of what was said seven times very close, literally separated by a comma. If we consider that in the sentence there are only 16 words, then we can say that this example clearly shows the reception of sound expressiveness.

He was very fond of S.A. Yesenin. Moreover, he could alter the epiphora vocabulary, proving the richness of the Russian language: “care lay” in one line turns into “cleared up clearing”, and both these phrases accompany the words “in the misty heart”. The same thing happens with another passage: “Why did I become famous?” “Why did I become famous?” Supplement the words “I am a charlatan.” As you can see, only a small substitution of words allows Yesenin to successfully use the method of epiphora.

Widely used epiphora Block. In one of his poems, the words “in a quiet house” are repeated as epifors.

Speech enhancement

If we consider the epiphora from the point of view of the syntax of the Russian language, then the following circumstance is obvious: repeating itself at the end of adjacent lines, it serves to enhance the nuances of the voiced speech. Take the same Yesenin.

Twice asked in the adjacent lines the question also receives two answers. And this similarity of the end of the lines, manifested in a special rhythm, that is, the epiphora in Russian, makes one draw attention to oneself and thereby conveys to the reader the meaning of the text.

The exclamation mark at the end of the colors line is regrettable, and with each line it is reinforced by the use of the epiphora.

Figure that adds meaning

If we talk about the epifore as a figure of adding the semantic content of the text, then we can distinguish the following types of text:

  1. phonetic;
  2. morphological;
  3. lexical;
  4. syntactic.

Morphological epiphora is a repetition of the same word-formation elements at the end of each adjacent line. Example “dether   - infanticideher. fratricidesher   ”In prose by Y. Karyakin.

The third type is represented, for example, by N. V. Gogol: the word “festochiki”, already mentioned a little higher. That is, this type of epiphora involves the repetition of a word.

An example of the syntactic type of epifor is, for example, the passage of M. Tsvetaeva’s poem, which was also considered by us a little earlier.

All types of epiphora act as varieties of artistic means of expression. Thus, epiphora is a figure that adorns any text.

Great power